Terre des hommes
Terre des hommes, also Terre des Hommes or Tdh, is an international children's rights charitable humanitarian umbrella organization under the aegis of the International Federation of Terre des Hommes (TDHIF), with independent organizations in Switzerland, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Spain, and Syria. It was founded in 1960 by Edmond Kaiser in Lausanne, Switzerland. The organization is named after Antoine de Saint-Exupéry's 1939 philosophical memoir "Terre des hommes" (English title: Wind, Sand and Stars).
Terre des Hommes Internation Federation
An important part of the TDHIF's work is as a consultant to the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). Promoting the Convention on the Rights of a Child is an important activity of Tdh. Advocating for children's rights, defending them, and spreading information are tasks which Terre des Hommes – to the aid of children considers a priority. TDHIF runs the two campaigns 'Destination Unknown' - Children on the Move (www.destination-unknown.org) and 'Children Win' - Changing the Game of Mega Sporting Events (www.childrenwin.org).
Terre des hommes Foundation (Tdh)
The largest Swiss child relief organisation, created in 1960, the Lausanne-based Terre des hommes Foundation is committed to protecting children's lives and rights and promoting their well-being. Through innovative programmes focusing on health, migration, access to justice and specifically designed to have a short and long term impact.
For over 60 years, the Foundation has worked in difficult contexts, countries at war, regions affected by natural disasters, and places where poverty and malnutrition drive millions of children and their families to migrate. Each year, the Foundation directly and indirectly supports more than 7 million children and their families in some 30 countries.
To protect children and their future, we are committed to fostering lasting change to protect their rights and well-being. Our protection mission is built around three concrete commitments.
Advocacy for children and their rights: We advocate for the rights of children worldwide and ensure their well-being and the effective implementation of their rights as defined in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and other human rights instruments.
Listening to and involving children: We support children in expressing their needs and interests and encourage them to participate actively in their communities to promote their empowerment.
Vital protection with our flagship programmes: We focus our efforts on protecting the lives of children in fragile contexts as well as in more stable environments. We are developing three flagship programmes that have a strong impact on their lives: child and maternal health, child and youth migration and access to justice.
On 14 November 1959, at the height of the Algerian war, the weekly magazine "Réforme" published a report on the regroupment camps in France. This revelation of the misery of more than one and a half million Algerians upset Edmond Kaiser (1914-2000), who quickly had a hundred children brought to a holiday camp in Switzerland. Thus, in 1960, the Terre des hommes movement was born, which soon launched other campaigns in favour of child victims of war and disease in Biafra, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Palestine, Lebanon, Cambodia, etc. "Aware that there are countless children in the world exposed to hunger, misery, abandonment and suffering without help and for whom immediate and complete help is necessary, Edmond Kaiser founded the "Terre des hommes" organisation in Lausanne on 20 July 1960.
The Foundation was awarded Balzan Prize in 2018.
Two organizations are based in Switzerland. Besides Terre des Hommes Switzerland, there is the Lausanne based Tdh Foundation – child relief (Tdh).
The Germany branch currently supports 368 projects in 43 countries (2022), and has regional offices in Colombia, India, Iraq, Thailand, South Africa and Germany.
The Netherlands branch supported 297 projects, created and established by local organisations, in 22 countries.
Webcam child sex tourism awareness raising
In 2013, adult offenders from rich countries, willing to pay for watching children from poor countries to perform sexual acts in front of the webcam, i.e. engaging in webcam child sex tourism, were recorded and their identity disclosed. They used a motion captured virtual bait: a Filipino girl named Sweetie. Identities of more than 1,000 offenders from more than 65 countries were handed over to Interpol. Arrests were made and other victims were rescued, resulting in global media coverage for the project. Together with Avaaz.org, Terre des Hommes the Netherlands has created an online petition to pressure governments to adopt proactive investigation policies in order to protect children against webcam child sex tourism.
The Spain branch financially supports various direct relief programs for children in many countries in Africa, Latin America and Eastern Europe, for social aid and education, the rights of children and mother-and-child health care. In Spain there is also a campaign for awareness-raising, entitled "Stop child trafficking", with the aim of fighting all the various forms of child exploitation. Terre des hommes Spain also carries out significant medical aid for children from several African countries, thanks to the program "Journey towards Life".
The France branch works with partners in the field on activities that protect and defend economic, social and cultural rights.
"Let us make a commitment for the rights of the children". Terre des Hommes Luxembourg (TdHL) was constituted as a non-profit organisation on July 10, 1966. In April, 2010, TdHL got the accreditation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Luxembourg) and the name humanitarian NGO (Non-Governmental Organization). Fields of activity: Cooperation in the development and the improvement of the fate of childhood, regardless of race, religion, politics and culture and to bring an immediate and direct help to the most unfortunate childhood. It also has for object to make sensitive the public opinion in the problems of developing countries and to collaborate with agencies or individuals who pursue similar purposes as well as with the public authorities.
2008 Ethiopian paedophilia allegations
In 2008 Terre Des Hommes-Lausanne brought a defamation suit against a teacher in Ethiopia, Jill Campbell, for accusing the branch of knowingly hiding child abuse in one of its centres in the village of Jari. Mrs Campbell compiled evidence which helped to convict a British paedophile who was sentenced in 2003 to nine years hard labour in prison. Another suspect committed suicide after posting a confession on the internet. However Mrs Campbell alleged that senior staff running the centre knew of the abuse, covered it up and failed to inform the authorities.
Mrs Campbell faced 6 months in prison if she failed to withdraw the allegations. Her husband Gary had already withdrawn similar allegations in order to avoid prison and ensure that one of the couple would be able to look after their two ten-year-old adopted children. The charity eventually withdraw its suit before Campbell was due to be sentenced on 7 March, saying that her husband's apology was sufficient.
This article relies excessively on references to primary sources. (February 2008)
- ^ "Our History". 26 April 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
- ^ "Projekte". www.tdh.de (in German). Retrieved 2023-01-26.
- ^ a b c d e Crilly, Rob (10 May 2008). "Teacher faces jail in Ethiopia after helping to expose paedophiles at a children's charity". The Times. Archived from the original on 10 May 2008. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
- ^ "Ethiopia: British Teacher Jill Campbell Spared Jail Over Paedophile Claims". Sky News. 7 March 2008. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
- ^ "UK teacher escapes Ethiopia jail". BBC News. 7 March 2008. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
- Official Sites
- (in English and French) International Federation Terre des Hommes
- (in French, German, and English) Terre des Hommes Lausanne
- (in German, English, and French) Terre des Hommes Germany
- (in English and Dutch) Terre des Hommes Netherlands
- (in Spanish and English) Terre des Hommes Spain
- (in French) Terre des Hommes France
- (in French) Terre des Hommes Luxembourg
- (in French, English, Spanish, and Italian) Terre des Hommes Switzerland
- (in English) Canadian website