|2nd United States Secretary of Education|
January 22, 1981 – January 20, 1985
|Preceded by||Shirley Hufstedler|
|Succeeded by||Bill Bennett|
|United States Commissioner of Education|
June 1974 – July 1976
|Preceded by||John Ottina|
|Succeeded by||Edward Aguirre|
|Born||Terrel Howard Bell
November 11, 1921
Lava Hot Springs, Idaho, U.S.
|Died||June 22, 1996
Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.
|Alma mater||Idaho State University
University of Idaho, Moscow
University of Utah
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Early life and career
Bell was born in Lava Hot Springs, Idaho, on November 11, 1921. When Bell was eight years old, his father died. Bell graduated from the Albion State Normal School in Idaho. After this he served as a school superintendent of various schools in Idaho and Wyoming.
Bell spent much of his professional career in Utah. He served as a sergeant in the Marines during World War II and returned to Idaho to get his education. After earning a B.A. from the Southern Idaho College of Education in Albion in 1946, Bell started a career as a high school teacher and bus driver.
On August 1, 1957, Bell married the former Betty Ruth Fitzgerald, with whom he had four sons: Mark F., Warren T., Glenn M. and Peter F. Bell. He later earned an M.A. from the University of Idaho in 1954, and a Ph.D. in education from the University of Utah in 1961. Bell was also the served as Utah Commissioner of Higher Education.
National Commissioner of Education
Bell served as the United States Commissioner of Education (prior to the creation of the cabinet position) under Presidents Nixon and Ford from 1974 to 1976.
U.S. Secretary of Education
Appointed to the Reagan cabinet, Bell was expected to preside over the dismantling of the Department of Education, but he ran into the legal requirement that such a dismantling required legislation. He was well-known, admired, and respected in education circles, having risen from high school teacher through college professor to administrative positions. Bell stood out as a humble man in an administration of moneyed people—he drove a U-Haul truck from Utah to Washington when he moved.
In 1981, Bell convinced Reagan to appoint a commission to study excellence in education. The 1983 report of the National Commission on Excellence in Education, titled A Nation at Risk, started the drive for education reform with its conclusions, which included the claim that the nation was threatened by "a rising tide of mediocrity."
Resignation and later life
Though education's importance was highlighted by the reform drive, Reagan continued to try to reduce funding at the Department of Education. Bell served for Reagan's first term, resigning in January 1985. He returned to Utah, and joined the faculty at the University of Utah. In 1988, he published his memoir entitled The Thirteenth Man: A Reagan Cabinet Memoir.
Bell published seven other books during his career, covering topics such as improving child intellectual development and reforming the educational process. His last book in 1993, written with his business partner Dr. Donna Elmquist at his nonprofit company T.H. Bell and Associates in Salt Lake City, made new recommendations for improving the US education system.
"There are three things to emphasize in teaching: The first is motivation, the second is motivation, and the third is (you guessed it) motivation." Terrel H. Bell, U.S. Secretary of Education, 1981–1985 (Bell, 1995)
Terrel H. Bell Award
The Department of Education gives an award named after Bell to recognize "outstanding school leaders and the vital role they play in overcoming challenging circumstances." On November 3, 2009 the award was given to eight U.S. public school principals. Concurrent with the award, the Department issued a press release which stated, "The late Secretary Terrel H. Bell held education as his highest priority, trusting that all students would find it their personal key to success as he had."
Note of interest
As the last member of the cabinet to be appointed, Bell was often designated to stay at home during the State of the Union Address and other functions, to succeed to the presidency if all others in the chain of succession were incapacitated.
- "Secretary of Education: Terrel H. Bell (1981 - 1984)". Essays on Ronald Wilson Reagan and His Administration. Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. Retrieved 2007-04-22.
- The World Almanac 1997, Obituaries, p. 74.
- Encyclopedia of Latter-day Saint History - Bell, Terrel H
- A Nation at Risk. National Commission on Excellence in Education. April 1983.
- "Terrel Bell Award for Outstanding School Leadership Presented to Eight Principals" (Press release). U.S. Department of Education. November 3, 2009. Retrieved March 3, 2010.
|United States Commissioner of Education
|United States Secretary of Education