Terrington St Clement

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Terrington St Clement
TerringtonStClementChurch.JPG
Terrington Parish Church
Terrington St Clement is located in Norfolk
Terrington St Clement
Terrington St Clement
Location within Norfolk
Area45.38 km2 (17.52 sq mi)
Population4,125 (2011)[1]
• Density91/km2 (240/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTF548199
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townKING'S LYNN
Postcode districtPE34
Dialling code01553
PoliceNorfolk
FireNorfolk
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk
52°45′17″N 0°17′41″E / 52.7546°N 0.2947°E / 52.7546; 0.2947Coordinates: 52°45′17″N 0°17′41″E / 52.7546°N 0.2947°E / 52.7546; 0.2947

Terrington St Clement is a village and civil parish in King's Lynn and West Norfolk borough and district in Norfolk, England. It is in the drained marshlands to the south of the Wash, 7 miles (11 km) west of King's Lynn, Norfolk, and 5 miles (8.0 km) east of Sutton Bridge, Lincolnshire, on the old route of the A17 trunk road.

The parish covers an area of 17.50 square miles (50 km2). Much of the farmland is of alluvial silt and clay which has been reclaimed from the sea amounting to approximately half of the total parish area.[citation needed]

Terrington St Clement in area is the largest village in Norfolk, and the second largest in the country.[2]

History[edit]

The name Terrington derives from the old English for 'Farm/settlement of Tir(a)'s people' as -ingtūn means a settlement called after, or connected with... .[3]

In AD 1013 Godric, son of Æthelstan Mannessune gifted part of the lands of Turrintonea to the monks of Ramsey Abbey in his will where his brother, Eadnoth the Younger had been abbott. This is recorded in the S1518 Charter

The settlement, along with Terrington St John is referred to in the Domesday Book as Tilinghetuna where the population is recorded as 25 households made up of 12 villagers, 11 smallholders, 1 freeman, and 1 slave in 1086. Other resources recorded in 1086 included 515 sheep, 14 pigs, 11 cattle, and 1 cob with 48 acres of meadow and 12.5 salthouses. Prior to the Norman conquest of England the lands were held by Thorth, son of Ulfkil and Thorkil with them being transferred to Henry de Ferrers and Ralph Barnard by 1086. [4]

By the medieval period the small settlement which began on raised ground on the edge of the marsh had grown substantially. A parish church, dedicated to St Clement (Pope Clement I), known as the "Cathedral of the Marshland", was built in the 14th century by Edmund Gonville, Rector of Terrington, who founded Gonville Hall (now Gonville and Caius College) at Cambridge University.[citation needed]

John Colton (died 1404), Lord Chancellor of Ireland and Archbishop of Armagh, was born in the village.[5]

Methodists were established in the village in 1813. During the Victorian era a Wesleyan Methodist chapel, a Primitive Methodist chapel, a Salvation Army headquarters and three other mission chapels were established.[citation needed]

The area has been the subject of some historical research by local residents, while archaeological investigation has included field walking during the Fenland Survey, although this largely excluded the area around the present settlement.[6] Archaeological test pits were dug between 2005-2009 the report was published online. [7]

Terrington railway station once served the settlement.[citation needed]

Community facilities[edit]

Terrington St Clement facilities include two doctor's surgeries, a post office, a village hall and a scout hut. Commercial amenities include a supermarket, a farm shop, a newsagent's, a baker's, a fish & chip shop, a Chinese takeaway, a hairdresser's, an estate agent, and a hardware store; there are two public houses, the King William and the Wildfowler.

The village is linked to King's Lynn and Spalding and Wisbech by bus services.

Education[edit]

Terrington St Clement has state run primary and secondary schools. St Clement's High School was the centre of some press attention, firstly when its previous head, Richard Wealthall, was singled out for praise and a visit from Prime Minister Tony Blair, and again subsequently when he was found to have been guilty of bullying and nepotism.[8]

The school was placed into special measures in 2007 by Ofsted.[citation needed] A following 2011 Ofsted report gave the school an overall Grade 2 'Good' rating.[citation needed] The school obtained another 'Good' rating from Ofsted in 2017.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 29 August 2015.
  2. ^ "Norfolk Villages - Terrington St Clement". Norfolk-Norwich.com. Retrieved 4 February 2008.
  3. ^ "Key to English Place-names". kepn.nottingham.ac.uk. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Terrington [St Clement and St John] | Domesday Book". opendomesday.org. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  5. ^ O'Flanagan Roderick "Lives of the Lord Chancellors of Ireland" London 1870
  6. ^ "Terrington St. Clement". www.access.arch.cam.ac.uk. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  7. ^ "Terrington St. Clement" (PDF). www.access.arch.cam.ac.uk. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  8. ^ "Head teacher guilty of bullying". BBC News. 23 January 2006.
  9. ^ "Good rating from Ofsted for St Clements High School". Ofsted News. 18 January 2017.

External links[edit]