An equivalent territory (French: territoire équivalent), formally known as territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (French: territoires équivalents à une MRC), is a territorial unit used by Statistics Canada and the Institut de la statistique du Québec.
Quebec is divided into 87 regional county municipalities (RCMs), equivalent to counties in other jurisdicitions. However, the RCMs do not cover the entire territory, since major cities are outside of any RCM (French: hors MRC). To ensure complete territorial coverage for certain purposes, e.g. for a census, the equivalent territories are defined.