Terrorism Act, 1967
|Terrorism Act, 1969|
|Act to prohibit terroristic activities and to amend the law relating to criminal procedure; and to provide for other incidental matters.|
|Citation||Act No. 83 of 1967|
|Enacted by||Parliament of South Africa|
|Date assented to||12 June 1967|
|Date commenced||21 June 1967 (deemed retroactive to 27 June 1962)|
|Date repealed||2 July 1982|
|Administered by||Minister of Justice|
|Internal Security Act, 1982|
Detention without trial
Section 6 of the Act allowed someone suspected of involvement in terrorism—which was very broadly defined as anything that might "endanger the maintenance of law and order"—to be detained for a 60-day period (which could be renewed) without trial on the authority of a senior police officer. Since there was no requirement to release information on who was being held, people subject to the Act tended to disappear.
The death of Steve Biko in police custody in 1977, while being detained under the Act, was a particular cause célèbre. It is estimated that approximately 80 people died while being detained under the Act.
Other provisions of the Act included the founding of the Bureau of State Security.
- The full text of Terrorism Act, 1967 at Wikisource
- Legislating Against Terrorism in South Africa
- Judge Navantheen Pillay interview transcript
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