Terrorism in Norway

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Terrorism in Norway includes, but is not necessarily limited to, the following terror and terror threats

  • The terror threat during the 1973 oil crisis. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) was present in Norway, ready to strike against an oil refinery outside Tønsberg. Police raised the alarm after learning of the plot, causing the group to withdraw (the group instead attacked an oil installation in Singapore).[1]
  • The Mossad assassination in Lillehammer, where Israeli intelligence executed the Moroccan waiter Ahmed Bouchiki in 1973, is considered as the first contra terrorist attack fatality on Norwegian soil in recent times. Erling Folkvord and Carsten Thomassen characterized the assassination as state terrorism.
  • The 1982 Oslo Central Station bombing, killing one person and injuring 11 others. An 18-year-old was convicted, claiming he had extorted the Norwegian State Railways.[2]
  • In 1985 the Ahmadiyya Muslim Nor mosque at Frogner in Oslo was blasted with dynamite. A woman at 38 years got shock and smoke damage. The bomb was detonated by an activist from the National People's Party, which resulted in several other people from the party being arrested by the police.
  • In 1993 Aschehoug chief William Nygaard was shot and attempted murdered. The assassination is believed to be a result of Nygaard publishing and defending Salman Rushdie's controversial novel The Satanic Verses. Harald Stanghelle characterized the assassination as state terrorism. A fatwa was issued against the author and all translators and publishers who assisted in publishing the book. Nygaard was not even doubt that Iran was behind or was to blame for assassination.
  • In 2006 the Oslo Synagogue was attacked with firearms by four men, including known Islamists. No people were harmed in the incident.
  • In 2006 the Norwegian Police Security Service (PST) in cooperation with Italian police expelled thirteen members of the Islamist terror organisation GSPC from Norway.[3]
  • In 2009 the Norwegian Police Security Service (PST) actioned against 25 Islamists thought to have planned terror in Norway.[3]
  • The 2010 Norway terror plot in which three Islamists were arrested and later convicted for terror plans.
  • The 2011 attacks, in which 77 people were killed and at least 319 injured in two sequential lone wolf attacks by Anders Behring Breivik.
  • On 26 March 2012, the Norwegian Islamist Mullah Krekar was sentenced to 5 years in prison for making death threats. He appealed. On 26 March 2012, Krekar was re-arrested for making threats against two Kurds and the Conservative Party leader Erna Solberg.[4]
  • The 2014 terror threat by jihadists from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) which caused extraordinary short-term security measures in Norway.[5][6]
  • In January 2017 a man from Trøndelag made racist remarks and threatened to kill former Socialist Left Party politician Akhtar Chaudhry on his blog in the so-called hijab case. The man was sentenced to 21 days of unconditional imprisonment by Sør-Trøndelag district court for a terror threat and hateful racism.[7]
  • On 8 April 2017 in the aftermath of the 2017 Stockholm attack, a man was arrested and part of the Grønland district of Oslo closed off by police after a "bomb-like" device was found that was later demolished in a controlled explosion.[8] The man, a 17-year-old Russian citizen, was charged on 9 April with illegal possession of an explosive device. The man arrived in Norway as an asylum seeker in 2010, and was known to the Norwegian Police Security Service (PST) for having expressed support for the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS). The events led PST to raise the terror alert, indicating that attempted attacks during the coming year are "likely".[9]
  • In the early morning of 11 April 2017 the police found a suspicious object in a neighbourhood in Porsgrunn. Several people were evacuated and the area was cordoned off. A man was arrested in connection with the discovery. The suspicious object turned out to be a replica to look like a "bomb", which turned out to be fake.[10]
  • In the night of 28 June 2017 multiple shots were fired at a bus stop in Moss, Norway and one shot was fired at the entrance of a house just nearby. The shooting incident is being investigated, and does not rule out terrorism. With the ongoing situation in Europe, and the 2014 terror threat, the Norwegian police and the Norwegian Police Security Service (PST) are still on high alert.[11]
  • In the morning of 10 July 2017 the Norwegian police moved out to a private address at Fjellhamar outside of Lørenskog, and one person was arrested. The police went on alarm after they heard death threats against employees at the social office. The incident is being investigated as a possible and planned state terrorist attack.[12]
  • On 9 November 2017 armed police in Bodø arrested three people for threats to conduct a school shooting. They were young men and students at the school. The Norwegian police are investigating the case, and possible motives linked to extremism or international jihadism. Europol are still on high alert in connection with terrorist plots and the ongoing Islamic terrorism in Europe (2014–present).[13]

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