Terrorism in Norway
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Terrorism in Norway includes, but is not necessarily limited to, the following terrorism attacks and threats.
This article may be confusing or unclear to readers. In particular, Having the terror plot and the attacks together is a bit confusing. I recommend having two charts. One for plots and one for attacks.. (July 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
List of terrorist incidents and plots in Norway
|1965||Bombings||0||Several||Several people were hurt by hand grenades and dynamite in Oslo by an unknown person.||Lone wolf (terrorism) (suspected)|
|1973||Attempted attack||0||0||The terror threat during the 1973 oil crisis. A Palestinian terror group was present in Norway, ready to strike against an oil refinery outside Tønsberg. Police raised the alarm after learning of the plot, causing the group to withdraw (the group instead attacked an oil installation in Singapore).||Palestinian terror group|
|1976||Attempted terror plot||0||0||In Stortorvet, two Mexican brothers were arrested and suspected to be left-wing terrorists and planning to create a terror organisation in Europe. They were later arrested in Denmark and Sweden for terrorist offences, including a plan by Tomas to kidnap Sweden's labour minister Anna-Greta Leijon. They were eventually expelled to Mexico and Cuba.||Tomas and Jaime Okusono Martinez|
|1977||Bombing||0||0||A bookstore in Tromsø belonging to the Workers' Communist Party was severely damaged by a powerful bomb containing 10 kg of dynamite. Two people narrowly avoided death as they left the room shortly before the explosion.||Unknown|
|1979||Bombing||0||4||A Right-wing political activist launched a bomb attack against a May Day workers' gathering in Oslo.||Petter Kristian Kyvik|
|1982||Bombing||1||11||The 1982 Oslo Central Station bombing, killing one person and injuring 11 others. An 18-year-old was convicted, claiming he had extorted the Norwegian State Railways.||Lone Wolf|
|1984||Bombing||0||0||The telecommunications bunker in Frogner Park was bombarded and completely destroyed with dynamite. Neo-fascists were thought to have perpetrated it. The authorities hid this from the public for a whole year as the telephone exchange contained equipment related to NATO.||Norwegian Front (suspected)|
|1985||Bombing||0||1||In 1985 the Ahmadiyya Muslim Nor mosque at Frogner in Oslo was blasted with dynamite. A woman at 38 years got shock and smoke damage. The bomb was detonated by an activist from the National People's Party, which resulted in several other people from the party being arrested by the police. The arrested were also accused of bombing the Frogner Park telephone exchange in 1984 (see above).||Right-wing extremists|
|1985||Hijacking||0||0||Braathens SAFE Flight 139 was hijacked.||Stein Arvid Huseby|
|1988||Attempted bombing||0||0||A time bomb made of 5 kg of dynamites was discovered at an asylum centre in Evje.||Unknown|
|1990||Bombing||0||0||Neo-Nazis were suspected of a bomb attack against the Blitz house on 21 August.||Neo-nazis (suspected)|
|1993||Shooting, assassination attempt||0||1||In 1993 Aschehoug chief William Nygaard was shot three times in the back but survived. The attack is believed to be a result of Nygaard publishing and defending Salman Rushdie's controversial novel The Satanic Verses. Harald Stanghelle characterized the assassination as state terrorism. A fatwa was issued against the author and all translators and publishers who assisted in publishing the book. Nygaard himself had no doubt that Iran was behind the attack.|
|1994||Bombing||0||0||Neo-Nazis were suspected of another bomb attack against the Blitz house on 24 August 1994.||Neo-nazis (suspected)|
|1994||Hijacking||0||0||Scandinavian Airlines System Flight 347 was hijacked.||Haris Keč|
|1995||Bombing||0||0||Bombs were thrown at the Blitz house on 9 November.[not specific enough to verify]||Neo-nazis (suspected)|
|1999||Fire bombs||0||0||Fire bombs were thrown in Oslo in a racially motivated attack on 19 September.[not specific enough to verify]||Right-wing extremists (suspected)|
|2003||Bombing||0||0||A power charged dynamite exploded outside a Word of Truth church in Slemmestad. Serious damage was made to the building and its surroundings.||Unknown|
|2006||Arrest||0||13 (arrested)||In 2006 the Norwegian Police Security Service (PST) in cooperation with Italian police expelled thirteen members of the Islamist terror organisation GSPC from Norway.[better source needed]||Al-Qaeda|
|2009||Police raid, arrest||0||25 (arrested)||In 2009 the Norwegian Police Security Service (PST) actioned against 25 Islamists thought to have planned terror in Norway.||Islamists|
|2010||Arrest||0||3 (arrested)||The 2010 Norway terror plot in which three Islamists were arrested and later convicted for terror plans.||Al-Qaeda (suspected)|
|22 July, 2011||Shooting, bombing||77||319||The 2011 attacks, in which 77 people were killed and at least 319 injured in two sequential lone wolf attacks by Anders Behring Breivik.||Anders Behring Breivik|
|26 March, 2012||Terror threats||0||0||On 26 March 2012, the Norwegian Islamist Mullah Krekar was sentenced to 5 years in prison for making death threats. He appealed and on the same day Krekar was re-arrested for making threats against two Kurds and the Conservative Party leader Erna Solberg.||Mullah Krekar|
|July, 2014||Attempted terror plot||0||0||The 2014 terror threat by jihadists from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) which caused extraordinary short-term security measures in Norway.||Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant|
|8 April, 2017||Attempted bombing||0||0||On 8 April 2017 in the aftermath of the 2017 Stockholm attack, a man was arrested and part of the Grønland district of Oslo closed off by police after a "bomb-like" device was found. The device was later demolished in a controlled explosion. The man, a 17-year-old Russian citizen, was charged on 9 April with illegal possession of an explosive device. The man arrived in Norway as an asylum seeker in 2010, and was known to the Norwegian Police Security Service (PST) for having expressed support for the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.||Islamic State (suspected)|
|17 January, 2019||Knife attack, stabbing||0||1||On 17 January a woman was attacked with a knife inside a supermarket in Oslo. A 20-year-old Russian man was arrested shortly after the attack. The woman was critically injured and was taken to the hospital. The police investigate possible links to Islamist extremism. According to the police, the suspect said the act was a terror attack and that he intended to kill several people. He travelled from Sweden to Norway the day of the attack.||Islamist (suspected)|
- Terrorism in Europe
- Ansar al-Islam
- Souhaila Andrawes
- Mohyeldeen Mohammad
- Profetens Ummah
- Hassan Abdi Dhuhulow
- Sylvia Rafael
- Ubaydullah Hussain
- Aftenposten: Stoppet terror i 1973 ved å slå alarm
- VG: «Kamp mellom ekstremister i Tromsø. Eksplosjon i rød bokhandel.» 21 February 1977, s. 8.
- VG: «90 kg dynamitt tatt: Hele Tromsø grøsser.» 15 March 1977, s.6.
- NRK.no: Oslos hemmelige historie
- «Terrorbombe i Evje», Aftenposten, 7 January 1989, s. 2.
- Dagbladet 3 November 2004 s. 31.
- Aftenposten 7 November 1994 s. 2.
- Dagbladet 3. November 2004 s. 31.
- NTB-melding 21 August 1994.
- Aftenposten 9 November 1995 s. 1.
- Aftenposten, 3 February 2001.
- http://www.aftenposten.no/nyheter/iriks/article1339270.ece Sprengte menighetshus
- "PST aksjonerte mot 25 islamister etter terrorsamtaler i Oslo". Dagbladet (in Norwegian). 15 May 2015.
- "Norwegian court convicts Islamic cleric of online death threats, gives him 1 year in prison". the Associated Press. August 29, 2012
- VG Nett: Authorities warned of terror attack against Norway "within few days"
- VG Nett: http://www.vg.no/nyheter/innenriks/terrorangrepet-i-koebenhavn/oekte-sikkerhetstiltak-i-norge-etter-koebenhavn-terror/a/23396304/
- "Norway police destroy suspect device in Oslo". The Local. Agence France-Presse. 9 April 2017.
- "PST: Sannsynlig med terrorangrep i Norge de neste to månedene" (in Norwegian). NRK. 9 April 2017.
- "Oslo stabbing investigated as terrorist attack: police". Reuters. 2019-01-18. Retrieved 2019-01-18.