Terrorism in the Philippines
Terrorism in the Philippines are conflicts based on political issues conducted by rebel organizations against the Philippine government, its citizens and supporters. Most terrorism in the country are conducted by Islamic terrorist groups. The most active terrorist groups in the Philippines are the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, Moro National Liberation Front, Abu Sayyaf, Rajah Sulaiman Movement and Jemaah Islamiyah. Much larger than the Islamic terrorist groups, the Philippine government is fighting a long running war with the Communist New People's Army.
List of terrorist incidents in the Philippines
Since January 2000 radical Islamist groups and Islamist separatist forces in the Philippines have carried out over 40 major bombings against civilians and civilian property, mostly in the southern regions of the country around Mindanao, Basilan, Jolo and other nearby islands. Numerous bombings have also been carried out in and around Metro Manila, though several hundred kilometres from the conflict in the southern regions, due to its political importance. In the period from 2000 to 2007 attacks killed nearly 400 Filipino civilians and injured well over 1500 more, more casualties than caused by bombings and other attacks in Indonesia, Morocco, Spain, Turkey, or Britain during the same period.
Public transport and other gathering places, such as street markets, have been the favoured bombing targets, however large-scale abductions and shootings have also been carried out by the groups, predominantly by Abu Sayyaf and the Rajah Solaiman Movement, two groups that had claimed responsibility for most of the attacks.
For brevity, the definition of terrorism used is drawn from the United Nations General Assembly condemnation:
"Criminal acts intended or calculated to provoke a state of terror in the general public, a group of persons or particular persons for political purposes are in any circumstance unjustifiable, whatever the considerations of a political, philosophical, ideological, racial, ethnic, religious or any other nature that may be invoked to justify them."
|21 August 1971||Metro Manila||9||95||Grenade||
Main article: 1971 Plaza Miranda bombing
Several explosions occurred during a political campaign rally of the Liberal Party at Plaza Miranda in the district of Quiapo, Manila  causing nine deaths and injuring 95 others. As a crowd of about 4,000 gathered to hear speeches, two hand grenades were reportedly tossed on stage. Among those killed instantly were a 5-year-old child and The Manila Times photographer Ben Roxas while many on stage were injured, including incumbent Senator Jovito Salonga, Liberal Party president Gerardo Roxas and Sergio Osmeña, Jr., son of former President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines, Sergio Osmeña.
|19 April 1981||Davao||17||150+||Grenade||- - -|
|18 March 1987||Cordillera Administrative Region||4||38+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
The explosion happened at 10 A.M. in a specially built grandstand during a rehearsal for the weekend visit, killing at least one civilian.
The bomb appeared to have been placed in a roof beam. Some sources suggested that "disgruntled military elements" may have been responsible.
|11 August 1991||Zamboanga Peninsula||6||32+||Grenade||
|24 December 1993||Northern Mindanao||5||48+||Grenade||- - -|
|27 December 1993||Davao||6||130+||Grenade||- - -
6 people died and at least 130 more were wounded as attackers tossed three grenades into the packed San Pedro Cathedral in Davao City. Red Cross officials put the death toll from the attack at 7, but the police confirmed 6 dead.
Eight hours after the attack, suspected Christian militants retaliated by firing two grenades at a mosque. One exploded, but there were no casualties according to police reports.
|3 January 1999||Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)||10||74+||Grenade||
|14 February 1999||ARMM||6||unknown||
|25 February||Northern Mindanao||41||100+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
A large incendiary bomb exploded aboard a bus on the ferry Lady Mediatrix as it crossed Panguil Bay to Ozamiz City in Mindanao, killing up to 41 people, though police initially confirmed only 26 deaths. Dozens more were injured and at least 50 badly burnt passengers were taken to local hospitals. Witnesses said the bomb exploded as the ferry was about 20 yards from the pier at Ozamiz and that people on the ferry, which was carrying 20 vehicles, jumped into the sea in panic after the blast.
Main article: 2000 Sipadan kidnappings
The 2000 Sipadan kidnappings was a hostage crisis in Sabah, Malaysia, and the southern Philippines that began with the seizing of twenty-one hostages from the dive resort island of Sipadan at approximately 18:15 on 23 April 2000, by up to six Abu Sayyaf guerrillas. Taken hostage were 10 tourists from Europe and the Middle East and 11 Malaysian resort workers, 19 non-Filipino nationals in total. The hostages were taken to an Abu Sayyaf base in Jolo, Sulu.
During the hostage taking, Abu Sayyaf issued various demands for the release of several prisoners, including 1993 World Trade Center bomber Ramzi Yousef, $2.4 million and a complete withdrawal of government troops from the area around Jolo where the hostages were being held.
The Philippine army launched a major offensive on 16 September 2000, rescuing all remaining hostages, except Filipino dive instructor Roland Ullah. Ullah was eventually freed in 2003.
On Jolo Island three grenades were thrown into a public market, killing up to four and wounding more than 40. At around the same time, in Zamboanga City, one person was killed and more than 30 wounded when a crude time bomb exploded in a crowded bakery-cafe opposite a police station. Both devices exploded at around 3:30pm.
The Jolo police chief quoted witnesses as saying that three men lobbed grenades from the second floor of the market, two exploded in a rice stall and the third in a crowded alley.
|21 May||Metro Manila||1||17+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -|
|16 July||SOCCSKSARGEN||2||33||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
A bomb explodes in a crowded public market in the town of Kabacan on Mindanao, killing at least two people and injuring 33. The explosion during Sunday morning, on the main shopping day of the predominantly Christian town, was caused by a device improvised from an 81 millimeter mortar shell, stated military sources.
|31 July||Davao Region||3||36||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
Three people were killed and 36 others wounded when an unidentified man threw an improvised explosive device at a crowd in the GM Jumping Horse carnival grounds, near the municipal health office of Monkayo, Compostela Valley. Two people were killed at the scene, while a third victim died due to loss of blood after being taken to hospital. Thirty-six others were hurt by shrapnel and a stampede following the blast, according to a regional police spokesman.
No one claimed responsibility for the attack, but the military stated investigators did not rule out the involvement of either communist rebels or Muslim separatist guerrillas.
|30 December||Metro Manila||22||120+||Improvised Explosive Device||
Main article: Rizal Day bombings
During the Rizal Day national holiday, a series of explosions occurred in five locations around Metro Manila within the span of an hour, leaving 22 dead and around 120 others with non fatal injuries.
|27 May 2001
7 June 2002
Main article: Dos Palmas kidnappings
The Dos Palmas kidnappings was a hostage crisis in the southern Philippines that began with the seizing of twenty hostages from an upscale island resort on Palawan by Abu Sayyaf members on 2 May 2001, and resulted in the deaths of at least five of the original hostages, including the two American citizens Guillermo Sobero - who was beheaded on 12 June - and Martin Burnham. At least 22 soldiers were killed in attempts to apprehend the captors and free the hostages in the 12 months following the initial hostage taking. An unknown number of captors died also.
During the crisis, the number of those taken captive varied greatly as more hostages were seized in numerous raids on the island of Basilan, including two on the town of Lamitan; on 2 June to occupy a church and hospital compound and take numerous captives, and a second on 2 August where suspected Abu Sayyaf militants captured 35 villagers, beheading 10 of them. Four children, including two 12-year-olds, were also among 15 hostages taken from the coconut plantation in the Lantawan area of Basilan in June. Therefore, a total of those taken prisoner at some point may be impossible to determine; however news reports suggest at least 100 hostages were taken and around 20 murdered in just over a year up until the final assault resulting in the freeing of Gracia Burnham and killing of Martin Burnham and Filipina nurse Ediborah Yap on 7 June 2002.
|29 October||Zamboanga Peninsula||11||60+||Improvised explosive device||
The military previously warned that the Abu Sayyaf group, which was holding two Americans and nine Filipinos in the nearby island of Basilan at that time, might stage attacks and bombings to divert the attention of pursuing military and police forces.
|20 April||SOCCSKSARGEN||15||55+||Improvised Explosive Device||
Police said they received an anonymous call claiming 18 bombs had been planted around the largely Christian city of 800,000 people in the predominantly Muslim south. Earlier in the year the so-called Indigenous People's Federal Army had planted more than a dozen fake bombs in the area, saying they would use real bombs if their demands were not met.
Police later arrested two men, members of a Muslim extremist group, based on the description from witnesses who saw one of the men place the small, homemade bomb outside the Fit Mart department store in the mall. Abu Sayyaf claimed responsibility for the incident.
|2 October||Zamboanga Peninsula||~4||24+||Improvised Explosive Device||
A bomb blast in front of a karaoke bar near a military arms depot in Zamboanga City kills an American Green Beret commando and three Filipino civilians. At least 25 other people, one of them another American trooper, were wounded in the blast.
Investigators were looking at the possibility of a suicide attack as the rider of a motorcycle where the explosives were rigged was among the fatalities. A military intelligence report said the attack was staged by a "four-man urban terrorist group" of the Abu Sayyaf which has been linked to al-Qaeda.
|10 October||SOCCSKSARGEN||~8||26+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
A powerful homemade bomb exploded in a crowded bus station in Kidapawan City, North Cotabato, killing up to eight people and wounding 26 others. Kidapawan police said two of the fatalities died instantly, while the others died undergoing treatment in local hospitals. One of the fatalities was an un-identified child.
The explosion occurred at around 15:00 as passengers and bystanders crowded the Weena Bus terminal.
Initial investigation reports said the explosive device was placed under a concrete bench near the ticketing booth and fashioned from incendiary chemicals mixed with nails and shredded cast iron, and rigged with a battery-operated, time-delayed blasting device. Other reports said it was a grenade used.
The management of Weena had earlier received a letter from an extortion ring of a local gang, demanding protection money.
|17 October||Zamboanga Peninsula||7||150+||Improvised Explosive Device||
Two TNT bombs exploded inside a shopping center in Zamboanga City, killing seven and wounding about 150 people. Two department stores were devastated in the attack; the first blast occurred at 11:30 a.m. at the Shop-o-Rama department store and was followed a half hour later by a second explosion at the adjacent Shoppers Central store.
Police Chief Mario Yanga said the bombs were deposited at counters where shoppers leave packages as they enter.
|17 October||Metro Manila||3||30+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
A bomb exploded in the rear of a bus as it was travelling through Quezon City, killing 3 and wounding around 30 others. The explosion ripped off its roof and sent debris flying 20–30 metres. Earlier a grenade exploded in the Makati financial district though no-one was injured.
|21 October||Zamboanga Peninsula||1||18+||Improvised Explosive Device||
The church was reportedly filled with worshipers when the device exploded.
|24 December||ARMM||13||12||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
A bomb exploded during a party for the Mayor of the town of Datu Piang, Maguindanao, killing 13, including the mayor Saudi Ampatuan. The explosion took place outside his home, injuring 12 others. Authorities checked a possible link between the explosion and a gun battle at a disco the weekend before which involved feuding political families. A brother of Mayor Ampatuan and four others died in the skirmish and eight other people were injured.
|31 December||SOCCSKSARGEN||10||32+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
Witnesses said about 50 customers were at the stall buying firecrackers when the blast occurred in the city's busy square. Four people died instantly, including the 14-year-old, an army spokesman reported.
|4 March||Davao||21||146+||Improvised Explosive Device||
Airport personnel stated the bomb exploded just as passengers of a Cebu Pacific plane from Manila were arriving.
An American missionary was killed while two other US nationals sustained injuries. The wounded Americans were identified as members of a Southern Baptist missionary family: Barbara Stevens, 33, her nine-month-old son, Nathan, and William Hyde, said to have multiple injuries. A boy, a girl, seven women and 10 men were among the other deceased.
The waiting shed faces directly the arrivals section of the airport and the explosion ripped portion of its roof and shattered the glass windows on the first and second floors of the arrivals area across the street. Among the victims were taxi drivers, airport porters, vendors and those sheltering from a tropical downpour while waiting for relatives and friends to arrive.
American and Australian experts assisted Philippine investigators in examining the scene of the attack.
|2 April||Davao||17||70+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
At least 17 people were killed when a bomb exploded near a barbecue stand in a row of food stalls by the Sasa wharf ferry terminal in Davao City. Witnesses said a nun, four policemen, several vendors and a number of children were among those killed in the blast, while the military said more than 40 people or up to sixty people were injured.
The government blamed the largest of four Muslim separatist groups for the attack, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, though the group strongly denied responsibility and called for the killers to be brought to justice. The Sasa Wharf bomb may have been meant for a ferry that had just landed at the Davao port.
|23 April||SOCCSKSARGEN||4||~9||Automatic weapons fire||- - -
Suspected MILF rebels attack a minibus in Carmen town, killing four people and wounding a further nine. A military spokesman stated that the four killed in the Carmen bus attack were a government official, Dionisio Villaver, his son and their two security escorts, apparently targeted as Villaver had supported a military offensive against the rebels.
The minibus hit a landmine, and was thrown onto its side, after which MILF forces blasted the vehicle with rocket-propelled grenades and rifle fire.
|24 April||Northern Mindanao||13||20+||Automatic weapons fire||- - -
A Super 5 bus driver and a female passenger were killed when suspected MILF members fired upon and seized a bus after it failed to halt at a rebel checkpoint in Kolambugan, Lanao del Norte. At least 10 passengers were wounded and several taken hostage in the neaby town.
Though the number of hostages taken in the Kolambugan attack could not be independently confirmed, sources stated four policemen were also held hostage after the rebels overran their outpost.
A statement from the commanding officer of the 401st Infantry Brigade reported that 11 civilians were also killed when several dozen MILF guerrillas attacked a fish car in Maigo at around 5:30 a.m. on the 25th, after it too failed to halt at an improvised rebel checkpoint.
The commander also stated MILF forces allegedly flagged down several buses in the village of Kulasian but it was unknown if they took some of the passengers as hostages. The traffic in Maigo had reportedly been halted after the rebels destroyed several bridges on the highway.
|9 May||SOCCSKSARGEN||10||42+||Improvised Explosive Device||
The attack followed a breakdown in peace talks between the government and a Muslim rebel group, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. While the government immediately blamed the group, a MILF spokesman told Reuters it had nothing to do with the bombing. Two were arrested in early 2004 as suspects for the bombing, though several people, including the wife of one suspect, claimed they were arrested without any warrant.
|3 October||SOCCSKSARGEN||3||~30||Grenade||- - -
At least three people were killed and as many as 30 wounded as an unidentified man hurls grenades into a mosque inside the compound of the Government's National Irrigation Administration in the town of Midsayap amid Friday prayers, on the island of Mindanao, police said.
|5 October||ARMM||5||1||Hostage situation||
One worker reportedly escaped while the other five were allegedly killed in a shooting incident outside the town of Languyan on Tawi-Tawi around 27 October, despite later reports that the hostages were alive.
|4 January||ARMM||24||87+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
A homemade explosive device attached to a motorcycle parked in front of a gymnasium detonated during a basketball game in Parang, on Mindanao Island, killing at least ten people and possibly up to 24 people.
At least eighty-seven others were injured, including two police and the target, the city's mayor. Witnesses said the spectators were mostly teenagers.
This was the fourth attempt on Bataga's life in the previous year as unidentified men had earlier fired a rocket-propelled grenade that missed Bataga's vehicle, and in April 2003 a bomb exploded while he was in a public market.
|26 February||CALABARZON||116||many, unknown||Improvised Explosive Device||
Main article: 2004 SuperFerry 14 bombing
A large explosion caused the sinking of SuperFerry 14 and the deaths of 116 people in the Philippines' worst terrorist attack. The 10,192-ton ferry sailed out of Manila for Cagayan de Oro City via Bacolod City and Iloilo City with about 900 passengers and crew. A television set containing an 8-pound (3.6 kilograms) TNT bomb had been placed on board in the lower, more crowded decks.
An hour after its 23:00 sailing, just off El Fraile island, an explosion tore through SuperFerry 14, starting a fire that engulfed the ship and caused the confirmed deaths of 63 people, while another 53 were reported missing and presumed dead. Six children less than five years old, and nine children between six and 16 years of age were among the dead or missing, including six students on a championship team sent by schools in northern Mindanao to compete in a journalism contest.
Despite claims from various terrorist groups, the blast was initially thought to have been an accident, caused by a gas explosion. However, after divers righted the ferry, five months after it sank, they found evidence of a bomb blast. A man named Redondo Cain Dellosa, a Rajah Sulaiman Movement member, confessed to planting a bomb, triggered by a timing device, on board for the Abu Sayyaf guerrilla group. He held a ticket on the ferry for bunk 51B, where the bomb was placed, and disembarked before the ship's departure.
|12 December||SOCCSKSARGEN||14||64+||Improvised Explosive Device||
A week prior to the event, an anonymous source claimed that a group associated with Al-Ghozi (a member of Jemaah Islamiyah) threatened to burn the market in retaliation for the death of one of its members. However, Philippine police initially suggested the bombing was the result of a feud between rival groups over a market stall.
Police arrested five suspects in the bombing. Another four rebels were arrested in June 2005, including Uztadz Norodin Mangelen, the leader and alleged local JI representative of the group thought responsible for this attack and another in March 2003 against the Davao airport.
|14 February||1. General Santos, SOCCSKSARGEN||4||40||Improvised Explosive Device||
Abu Sayyaf claimed responsibility for the bombing in retaliation for a military offensive launched by government troops in early 2005. An Indonesian national and two Filipino members of the Abu Sayyaf group were sentenced to death in connection with the Valentine's Day bombings in October 2005.
During the five-month trial, one of the witnesses – a bus conductor – identified the two Filipino accused as the passengers who left the bus in a hurry shortly before the blast in Makati.
|21 April||ARMM||1||unknown||Hostage situation||- - -
Armed men abducted 19 people, most of them female university students, in the island of Mindanao. The local anti-terrorism task force chief reported the suspects boarded a mini-bus carrying the students and later commandeered it near the town of Piagapo. While twenty-two passengers were initially taken, three were later let go.
As the joint force of Philippine Marines and police caught up with the kidnap group and their hostages in Gakap, 8 hours after the abduction, a firefight ensued, killing one policeman identified as Edris Sultan. All hostages were rescued unharmed reported police officials.
|28 August||ARMM||4||30+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
At least 30 people were severely injured, mostly from third-degree burns, after a homemade bomb left near the canteen at the rear of the ferry MV Dona Ramona exploded and engulfed the lower deck in fire as it sat at Lamitan wharf, Basilan, 15 minutes before it was scheduled to sail.
Over the coming month, four people, including several children, would succumb to their injuries in hospital.
|2 February||ARMM||6||6+||Automatic weapons fire||
|27 March||ARMM||9||20+||Improvised Explosive Device||
|23 June||ARMM||6||9+||Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
Six people were killed in a blast in Shariff Aguak town as a bomb, planted in a van parked in front of a public market, exploded at around 7 a.m. while Maguindanao Governor Datu Andal Ampatuan's six-vehicle convoy was passing by.
Senior Superintendent Akmad Mamalinta stated one of the vehicles in the governor's 10-vehicle convoy was also destroyed, killing two aides, a niece and a close friend of Ampatuan. A fifth fatality was a nephew of Maguindanao Congressman Simeon Datumanong, while a male passerby injured in the blast died later in hospital.
|10 October||SOCCSKSARGEN||2||4+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
Main article: 2006 Central Mindanao bombings
A guard reportedly found the bomb in a bag filled with packets of corn chips and attempted to remove it from a crowd before it exploded, preventing more casualties. The bomb was described as being formed from a mortar round and remotely triggered by cell phone, however it apparently went off prematurely.
|10 October||SOCCSKSARGEN||6||42+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
Main article: 2006 Central Mindanao bombings
A bomb exploded at around 20:00 in front of the town hall of Makilala town in the southern part of North Cotabato province, killing 6 and injuring at least 42 others. The bomb exploded nearby a row of commercial stalls and a carnival during celebrations of Makilala's founding anniversary. Quoting witnesses, the North Cotabato Provincial Police Chief stated an unidentified man carrying a plastic bag was seen visiting a stall selling alcohol in a crowded area along a highway, the explosion occurred minutes later.
The powerful explosion destroyed a row of stalls, two motorcycle taxis and left a deep crater in the asphalt road, the Police Chief said. The following day, another bomb was defused by the authorities nearby.
|10 January||1. General Santos City, SOCCSKSARGEN||7||27+||Improvised Explosive Devices (3)||- - -
The first explosion destroyed a stand selling lottery tickets across the street from a public market in General Santos City.
Three people died instantly and another three succumbed to their injuries in hospital, including two children. Another 22 civilians were wounded.
A second explosion occurred in Kidapawan City, about 65 miles north of General Santos City, as an improvised bomb placed near the fence of a police outpost along the national highway exploded, injuring two male passers-by.
|17 April||ARMM||7||unknown||Hostage situation||
Major General Ruben Rafael stated the severed heads of the six Christian workers were found in the jungles of Jolo by soldiers, four days after the workers were seized. According to an anonymous soldier, the troops had been tipped off on where the heads could be found after two heads were delivered by civilians to a military camp on the island.
|8 May||SOCCSKSARGEN||8||33+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
The blast occurred around 16:50 at a corner across from a restaurant where election officials, candidates and military officers were meeting ahead of 14 May balloting.
Authorities described the explosive used as either TNT or gelignite, similar to that of improvised explosive device recovered and defused on 29 April, and that there were indications that the attack had been carried out by local JI recruits.
|18 May||SOCCSKSARGEN||3||~37||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
Five-year-old Adril Watangao and two adults are killed and up to 35 other people are treated for burns and shrapnel wounds when a bomb, probably laid by Islamic extremists, explodes in a Weena bus terminal in Cotabato City. Four children are among those hospitalized.
Muslimen Sema, then Cotabato City mayor and a former Muslim rebel leader, stated the Weena bus company had been receiving threats from a group of bandits demanding "protection money" prior to the blast.
|13 November||Metro Manila||6||11||Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Device||
Main article: Batasang Pambansa bombing
A vehicle bomb explodes at around 20:15 near the south lobby of the main building of the Philippine House of Representatives killing six people, including congressman Wahab Akbar, two congressional aides, and two congressional staffers.
According to the police, a total of thirteen people, many of them congressional staff members, were hurt and several succumbed to their injuries later in hospital.
Police suspect an improvised explosive device was left in a motorcycle parked near Rep. Ilangan's car and was remotely detonated, as the explosion occurred immediately after the suspension of the session at 20:05, although the authorities could not immediately describe the type of explosive.
A spokesman for Akbar suggested that the attack was directed at the congressman, as Akbar and his family have ruled Basilan, an island in the south notorious as a base for the Islamist militant group Abu Sayyaf, for decades.
|29 May||Zamboanga Peninsula||2||~21||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
Two people were killed and up to 21 injured in a bomb attack outside a Philippine Air Force base where US soldiers, training local troops in anti-terrorism warfare, maintain a small camp in Zamboanga City. The blast coincided with sporadic fighting between Muslim rebels and soldiers in nearby Basilan island and the damaged building also houses the headquarters of Zamboanga City Representative Maria Isabelle Climaco.
Reports said the bomb, hidden in a bag, was apparently left outside the building where a crowd of passengers, mostly military dependents, were waiting for a C130 transport plane that would take them to Manila.
|24 July||Davao||3||~24||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
The mobile phone-activated bomb was placed inside a bag and exploded 10 minutes after it reached the Digos City Overland Terminal. Four of the injured victims were taken to the Davao Medical Center in critical condition and a four-year-old boy was among those hit by shrapnel.
In response police and military checkpoints were established in and around Davao City.
|29 July||ARMM||4||unknown||Automatic weapons fire||- - -
Armed men stopped a mini-bus and murdered four Christian male passengers execution-style in Lanao del Sur, while a fifth male passenger was unaccounted for, likely abducted.
The bus was carrying about 15 people when it was stopped near Malabang, an area under MILF control.
Several passengers were robbed however the women were allowed to leave unharmed; four of the five men were dragged into a forest and shot in the head at close range.
|1 September||Davao||7||34+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
A powerful explosion on board a passenger bus kills at least 7 and wounds around 34. Witnesses described the powerful blast nearly tearing off the roof of the bus as it sat in the terminal.
Investigators believe a woman left the explosive device on the bus and connect the blast to al-Khobar, an extortionist group that had threatened the bus company the week before the attack and who has carried out similar attacks in the past few years.
|2 November||Northern Mindanao||5||unknown||Automatic weapons fire||- - -
Suspected Christian vigilantes ambush a group of Muslim picnickers on Sunday, killing five, including a number of children.
Mohagher Iqbal, a senior Moro Islamic Liberation Front leader, said the attack occurred at around 17:00 in the coastal town of Linamon in Lanao del Norte province and identified the perpetrators as Ilagas.
|18 December||Northern Mindanao||3||~45||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
The mall blasts occurred a day before President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo had a scheduled visit to the city, her maternal hometown. At least three people were also wounded in the bombings of two budget hotels - the Traveler's Inn and the Caprice Lodge – in Iligan City the month prior.
|4 April||Zamboanga Peninsula||2||8+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
A blast near a popular fastfood chain in Isabela City kills two people and wounds eight others. The explosion, about 100 metres from a Roman Catholic cathedral and a popular fastfood chain, was believed to have been caused by a crude bomb. "Most of the victims were waiting for a ride home near the restaurant", stated a police spokesman, adding no one had claimed responsibility for the attack.
|26 April||SOCCSKSARGEN||1||3+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -|
|21 May||Zamboanga Peninsula||3||5||Automatic weapons fire||- - -
Three civilians were killed and five others wounded after unidentified gunmen on a motorcycle or motorcycles ambushed their truck shortly before 15:00 in Victoria village, east of Zamboanga City.
|3 June||SOCCSKSARGEN||2||4+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -|
|5 July||SOCCSKSARGEN||6||45+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
A bomb exploded at approximately 8:50 a.m. in Cotabato City near a lechón food stall across the street from the Roman Catholic Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception during Sunday Mass as a military truck drove by, killing five people and injuring up to 55 more.
The dead included at least one member of the Citizen Armed Force Geographical Unit a street food vendor, and a three-year-old boy. Five soldiers were injured in the explosion. A sixth victim, an injured infant, died later in hospital.
According to a Philippine Army spokesman the bomb consisted of a mortar shell and was detonated remotely by mobile phone. Witnesses reported that the cathedral did not sustain significant damage. The military laid the blame for the bombing on rogue elements of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, however, the group denied that they carried out the attack. The attack drew condemnation from the Roman Catholic Church, including from Pope Benedict XVI, Philippine government officials, and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front.
|7 July||ARMM||6||40+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
In Jolo on the island of Sulu, an improvised explosive device (IED) placed "inside" a motorcycle detonated in downtown Jolo at 7:55 a.m. outside a hardware store, killing six people. The store's owner was one of the fatalities. Approximately 40 people were injured in the explosion. It exploded about 100 metres (330 ft) from the Mount Carmel Church and, according to the authorities, police discovered two other unexploded devices within a similar radius around the church.
|7 July||Northern Mindanao||0||7+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
Approximately two to three hours after the blast in Jolo, a bomb exploded in Iligan City on Mindanao in a car parked near a pawnshop, injuring between seven and thirteen people (including up to three soldiers), but causing no deaths. The bomb exploded next to a Philippine Army "mini-cruiser".
|17 September||ARMM||2||15||Grenade||- - -
Two civilians are killed and 15 others wounded when a grenade is hurled into a crowd at a late night village carnival in the Luuk municipality of Sulu province. Major David Hontiveros, a local military spokesman, stated the blast occurred at around 23:40 in the village of Tubig Puti.
|29 September||ARMM||3||2||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
A roadside bomb in the hinterlands of the Sulu province killed two US Navy members and a Philippine Marines soldier, two other Filipino troops were injured.
|20 October||ARMM||1||21+||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
A man died and 21 others were injured after a bomb planted inside the city hall in Marawi exploded. The blast happened during a voter registration at the Marawi City hall.
|5 December||ARMM||1||5||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -|
|27 February||ARMM||1||4+||Improvised explosive device||- - -
At least 4 others are injured.
|27 February||ARMM||12||17||Automatic weapons and Grenade/RPG fire||
The regional health chief confirmed that seventeen people were wounded in the attack, with nine in a critical condition, including four children. Several of those critically wounded died later in Zamboanga City hospitals.
The attack followed the killing of an Abu Sayyaf commander and the arrest of two key members and government forces had been warned to be on alert for reprisal attacks. Lieutenant General Ben Dolorfino, chief of the military's Western Mindanao Command, indicated that a clan war was the apparent motive in the killings and the attack had been motivated by a personal grudge with the village chairman.
|15 March||Davao||1||2+||Improvised Explosive Device||
A truck carrying members of the Philippine Army was bombed while cruising along a road in the Paquibato district around 14:50. Two soldiers were also hurt and evacuated to Davao Medical Center.
|20 March||CALABARZON||4||5||Improvised Explosive Device||
A team from the Philippine National Police Special Action Force were aboard their vehicle when suspected New People's Army rebels detonated a land mine at San Jose village in Antipolo City around 6 am.
|12 April||ARMM||14||many||Improvised Explosive Devices / Automatic weapons and grenade/RPG fire||
The first bomb detonated inside a van about 10:30 am outside an education department building and opposite a sports stadium. The second, rigged to a motorcycle left near a Roman Catholic church, exploded minutes later and heavily damaged the building.
The bombings ignited gun battles around the city between rebels and security forces, with the militants allegedly targeting helpless civilians seeking cover. A civilian was briefly held hostage while some militants fled and third bomb placed near a judge's house opposite a bus terminal was safely detonated later by soldiers. The city mayor, Cherry Akbar, stated almost all of the 14 fatalities were caused by small arms fire, including at least four militants, one of whom apparently perished in the first blast. Two injured suspects were arrested after the attack and interrogated, giving an account that they had been hired.
|23 June||ARMM||4||6||Automatic weapons fire / Machete||
The attackers, believed to be Abu Sayyaf militants, fired from a hill with rifles onto the jeepney, killing two passengers instantly. Other commuters were struck and killed by bullets as they tried to flee.
Police chief for the island province of Basilan, Antonio Mendoza, also confirmed a 10-year-old boy who survived the attack had been struck repeatedly by a machete. The al-Qaeda linked militants may have staged the attack to divert government troops from a week-long offensive in a nearby town.
|5 August||Zamboanga Peninsula||2||23||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
A bomb explodes in a suitcase carried by a respected individual of the Zamboanga Christian community outside the terminal of Zamboanga International Airport, killing the carrier and a passer-by and wounding at least 24 others with shrapnel, including an elderly British man who lived in the area.
As suicide bombings have not been known to happen before in the Philippines, police were investigating the theory that the suspected bomber was not a suicide bomber in the usual sense, but a proxy who may not have known he was carrying a remotely detonated weapon.
The Governor of Sulu, Sakur Tan, stated that the bomb may have been intended for him as he arrived from Manila, however Army officers believe the attack had been linked to the U.S. ambassador's visit to Zamboanga, scheduled for 6 August and cancelled for security reasons.
|28 August||Bicol Region||5||unknown||Automatic weapons fire||- - -
A municipal counselor and four others, including two teenagers, were shot and killed in an ambush by at least 10 members of an unidentified armed group at Bolod village in San Pascual, Masbate. The victims were identified as municipal counselor Wenceslao Sinagpulo Jr., Baptist church Pastor Rolito Aragaon, driver Rael Ponte and high school students Ronnie Orcales and Raffy Francisco.
The town councilor Wenceslao Sinagpulo Jr. and the other four victims died at the scene after their vehicle was ambushed by unknown assailants at around 14:30 as they travelled towards Mapanique village. Masbate Representative Narciso Bravo declared that the killing was politically motivated, however no group has claimed responsibility.
|21 October||SOCCSKSARGEN||10||9+||Improvised Explosive Device||
The bomb is believed to have been hidden inside a bag, placed in an overhead luggage compartment at the rear of the bus, and detonated soon after a group of men who were suspected to have planted it exited the vehicle.
A previous bus bombing in the vicinity of Matalam, in 2007, was attributed to the al-Khobar group, a gang of former Muslim insurgents that had taken to extortion. They are the prime suspects in the 2010 attack as the bus company involved in the bombing had been targeted for extortion in the past.
|15 November||SOCCSKSARGEN||1||2||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
A bomb explodes at a passenger bus terminal in the North Cotabato province's Carmen township, killing one person and wounding two others.
The explosion at the station occurred near an outer fence, wounding two people on a bus and one standing nearby. The 17-year-old male bystander was critically wounded and later died at a hospital.
|15 December||Eastern Visayas||2||1+||Automatic weapons fire||
|25 December||ARMM||0||11+||Improvised explosive device||- - -
A bomb explodes during Christmas Day Mass at a chapel inside a police camp, wounding a priest and 10 churchgoers, all of whom were civilians. The device was hidden in a ventilation window near the ceiling of the chapel, inside the compound where the provincial police office is located in Jolo town on Jolo Island.
|25 January||Metro Manila||5||13||Improvised Explosive Device||
Interior Secretary Jesse Robredo stated preliminary findings showed the weapon used an 81mm mortar with a timing device triggered by mobile phone, similar to bombs detonated in Mindanao at the time. Police believe the device, which blew a hole in the side of the bus, was placed under a seat halfway down the vehicle carrying about 30 commuters at the time of the blast.
|9 March||ARMM||4||10||Improvised Explosive Device||
Local military Chief Brigadier General Romeo Tanalgo released the names of those killed, revising down the figure of five fatalities to only two people who were killed at the scene and another two who died in hospital. At least ten others were wounded, three seriously.
|26 March||SOCCSKSARGEN||3||1||Automatic weapons and grenade fire||
|4 April||ARMM||11||3+||Automatic weapons fire / RPG fire||- - -
Mangudadatu stated local officials, joined by 150 supporters, were inspecting a road project near Lake Buluan in Mangudadatu town, around 8:20 a.m. when suspected Moro rebels fired upon the gathered crowd. Eight of his supporters died at the scene of the attack while three others were transported to hospital with mortal injuries.
A civil-military relations officer confirmed the victims were to inspect a road project in Barangay Tenuk in Mangudadatu town at 15:00 when the gunmen, positioned on one side of the road, opened fire with assault rifles and B-40 anti-tank rockets.
Numerous residents fled their homes and Army troops took positions between the two sides in an attempt to pacify them and prevent new clashes, said military spokesman Colonel Prudencio Asto, spokesman for the Army's 6th Division.
Col. Asto, confirmed that the violence stemmed from a clash between MILF troops led by Salendab and supporters of the Mangudadatus, who are locked in a two-decade-old "rido" or clan war with the Mangudadatus, apparently over control of strategic tracts of land in three adjoining Maguindanao towns.
|6 April||Zamboanga Peninsula||3||1+||Automatic weapons fire||- - -
A couple and a marshal on board a bus are killed and other passengers are robbed by four gunmen who later torched the vehicle.
The gunmen, who were posing as passengers, fired on the two bus marshals, killing one and wounding the other. An army major, who tried to draw his weapon in defense, and the army major's wife were also fatally wounded.
|26 June||ARMM||2||15||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
Two people are killed and 15 wounded in dual bomb blasts, one outside a canteen near a Catholic church and the second near the Commission on Audit building in the North Cotabato region.
|2 August||SOCCSKSARGEN||2||9||Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
A bomb concealed in a Honda XRM motorcycle kills a woman and a boy as it detonates in front of a gun store in the downtown area of the city.
The attack occurred a day after the start of the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan and a week ahead of peace talks between the government and the largest separatist group in the Philippines, the MILF.
|23 October||ARMM||5||8||Automatic weapons fire||
|27 November||Zamboanga Peninsula||3||27||Improvised Explosive Device||
The bomb, believed to be composed of 22 pounds (10 kilograms) of TNT powder, was so powerful it caused much of the second floor to collapse and blew off the hotel roof according to Zamboanga city Mayor Celso Lobregat.
The attack has blamed on the Abu Sayyaf, and was believed to be one of two simultaneous bombings planned by the al-Qaida-linked militants. The other would have been on nearby Basilan island, where two explosives were separately found and safely defused by authorities in Isabela City.
|24 January||Basilan, ARMM||15||3||Automatic weapons fire||- - -
Three pump boats carrying unidentified gunmen approach a group of fishermen fishing in an artificial fish shelter (payao) near Sibago Island and ambush them with assault rifles. The victims were all residents of the southern city of Pagadian, about 160 kilometers to the northeast.
Citing the accounts of two survivors, Mayor Belman Mantos of San Pablo town in Zamboanga del Sur, stated fishermen who responded to a radio distress call counted 15 bodies in three fishing boats some 10 nautical miles off Sibago. Abu Sayyaf have been known to operate the area.
The Philippine Coast Guard reported that fishermen would be extorted by pirates to be spared from attacks; typically fisherman would pay P1,500 a month for a boat carrying an icebox or P500 per month for a small motorized banca that can carry up to three persons.
|20 February||SOCCSKSARGEN||3||15||Automatic weapons and Grenade/RPG fire||- - -
Three civilians die and another 15 others are injured when 50 armed men raid the Kidapawan City Jail in an attempt to release Datukan Samad, a suspected member of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF).
According to North Cotabato police chief Senior Superintendet Cornelio Salinas the balaclava-wearing suspects launched 2 rocket-propelled grenades at the jail’s steel gate at around 22:00. The suspects then fled the scene after failing to breach the gate.
During the pursuit, the suspects strafed a number of houses, killing 3 civilians.
|23 February||Zamboanga Peninsula||6||14||Automatic weapons fire / Machete||- - -
According to Lt. Col. Randolph Cabangbang, spokesman of the military's Western Mindanao Command, at least 10 gunmen ambush residents of Sitio Bihing, Barangay Tininghalang at approximately 4:30pm.
The assailants were allegedly led by Amie Andi whose brother, Samang, had recently been arrested by police.
Two of those killed in the attack were children, identified as 12-year-old Henrito Bayambang and 2-year-old Karyl Daano. Bayambang was apparently walking home after classes when he was first shot by the armed attackers, then attacked with machetes. Passers-by and houses were then allegedly fired upon at random, claiming another 5 victims.
|3 March||ARMM||2||13||Improvised Explosive Device||
The bomb was placed on a generator just outside the door of the grocery store that is a favored shopping place of the Philippine Marines.
|10 April||SOCCSKSARGEN||3||16||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
A bomb detonates in the luggage compartment of a bus operated by the Rural Transit company, killing a 10-year-old girl and two others. Four of those wounded were transported to hospital in a critical condition.
The explosion happened as the vehicle reached the bus terminal in Poblacion village at 10:25 a.m. local time. The bus was traveling from Tacurong city, in Sultan Kudarat province and was bound to Cagayan de Oro when the bomb went off.
Colonel Leopoldo Galon, spokesman for the Eastern Mindanao Command, identified the fatalities as Gladzin Himpiso, 10; Rona Causing, 18 and Dima Causing, 62. All three perished at the scene.
|5 May||Northern Mindanao||2||36||Grenade||- - -
A grenade is hurled into a crowd at 'El Centro', a section of Roxas and Quezon avenues, a popular rendezvous in Iligan City on Saturdays due to the live bands that play there. Many of the injured were students.
According to Chief Superintendent Celso Regencia an unidentified man first lobbed the explosive around 19:50 and then fled using on a vehicle.
|11 July||ARMM||6||21||Automatic weapons fire / Grenade||
|10 October||Northern Mindanao||2||2||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
A bomb detonates outside the Maxandrea Hotel near the Cogon Market, killing Rudy Jute, a bar attendant of the nearby Welshire Inn, and Expidito Endan, a jeepney driver.
Two police officers, identified as PO1 Rogelio Canilanza and PO1 Dexter Dano, were wounded in the attack.
As police were investigating the blast and conducting clearing operations, a second explosive was found underneath a vehicle owned by television network GMA 7 which had been parked near the hotel.
|22 April||Northern Mindanao||13||10||Automatic weapons and Grenade/RPG fire||- - -
Just after 4pm, gunmen open fire on a truck carrying mayor Abdulmalik Manamparan and his supporters as they traveled home from a campaign event on a remote mountain road near Nunungan town.
According to Manamparan, the dump truck and another vehicle had been full of civilians who had joined the campaign, including students who were on vacation and a number of relatives of the candidates.
Statements issued by Senior Superintendent Gerardo Rosales, chief of the Lanao del Norte province, suggested the survivors of the ambush had identified the attackers and told investigators that the ambush was part of an ongoing family feud. However the Senior Superintendent has not named an suspects thus far.
Killed in the ambush were Adnanie Manamparan, 32; Baobi Manamparan, 25; Sadam Manamparan, 23; Johani Bantuas, 21; Sami Sanayon, 21; Baby Dimasangcay, 16; Lala Diamrang, 54; Apipa Mamantuc, 18; Saidona Mamantuc, 52; Hamdan Mamantuc, 18; Alinor Mamantuc, 19; Maliha Sultan, 17; and a final victim who remained unidentified.
|25 April||SOCCSKSARGEN||1||1||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
The village chief of Macasampen in the township of Guindolongan, Sanlindatu Rajamuda, is killed and his son severely injured by a bomb blast as they board a vehicle, according to provincial police commander Senior Superintendent Rodelio Jocson.
|11 May||Northern Mindanao||4||unknown||Automatic weapons and Grenade/RPG fire||
Talaid was traveling through Barangay Kibogtok when he and his bodyguards were stopped by up to 10 armed men. Talaid was also allegedly forced to hand over 7 million Philippine pesos worth of cash to the suspects.
|27 May||Cagayan Valley||7||7||Improvised Explosive Device / Automatic weapons fire||
Rodrigo de Gracia, a regional police director, stated the police commandos returned fire but were overpowered by the rebels, who later fled with weapons from the slain officers. The wounded officers managed to escape on foot and were rescued by government troops stationed by the Ballesteros Municipal Hospital.
Troops later set up roadblocks and dispatched reinforcements to track down the assailants.
|26 July||Northern Mindanao||6||45||Improvised Explosive Device||
On 26 July 2013, when the bomb exploded at a restaurant packed with doctors and pharmaceutical salesmen at the Rosario Arcade, Limketkai Mall, killing at least 6 people and 45 people were injured. A terrorist known as also Khilafah Islamiyah; however, the bombing attacks that also reactions over to the 2005 Valentine's Day bombings that occurred in 2005, that killing at least 4 people including a 12-year-old young boy who dies from the shrapnel wound after the bomb has just left over near outside the bus terminal in Davao City, Philippines, and also 40 people were severely injured in the blast site that were also behind the bombing attacks.
In responsible for this attack after the another one for the October 2012 against the Maxandrea Hotel bombing attack, killing 2 people and 2 people were severely injured in the blast site.
|17 September||Davao||0||5||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
The mall was subjected to one of the two terrorist bombings that occurred in 17 September 2013, with their both abandoning shopping malls attacked at Gaisano Mall of Davao firstly, and lastly would be SM City Davao during their both blast sites. It happened during the time of armed crisis in Zamboanga City, which involved elements of the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF); however, the MNLF Davao Regional Command denied that they were behind the bombings, at least five people were taken to the hospital after their both blast sites.
|16 September||SOCCSKSARGEN||1||7||Improvised Explosive Device||- - -
A bomb exploded at the Rizal Park Monument in the front of the city hall in General Santos City past around 7:30 p.m. Philippine Standard Time on 16 September 2014, at least eight people were injured including one of the other student just has died after he was critically injured in the bomb blast.
Suspects questioned after this incident have provided several leads to the PNP, who have announced several suspects they wish to question, as well as stating it was an "act of passion" and not a terror related event.
The park was subjected to one of the terrorist incident also known as the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, and the al-Qaeda-linked Jemaah Islamiyah behind the bombing.
|9 December||Northern Mindanao||11||43||Improvised Explosive Device||
In the so-called 2014 Bukidnon bus bombing a provincial bus in front of the Central Mindanao University along Sayre Highway in Sitio Musuan, Barangay Dologon, Maramag, Bukidnon was reportedly exploded by using an improvised explosive device. At least 11 people were killed including 5 students and 43 people were injured. However, the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters were suspected to be behind the bombings but the militant group has denied any involvement.
The bus is owned by transport company, Rural Transit Mindanao Incorporated bearing the traffic number 2640 and plate number KBP-178. The bus is en route to Cagayan de Oro from North Cotabato.
- For reference, see Banlaoi, Rommel (2010). Philippine Security in the Age of Terror. New York and London: CRC Press/Taylor and Francis.
- Banlaoi, Rommel (2009). Al Harakatul Al Islamiyyah: Essays on the Abu Sayyaf Group. Quezon CIty: Philippine Institute for Peace, Violence and Terrorism Research. ISBN 978-971-93769-1-0.
- Banlaoi, Rommel. "Media and Terrorism in the Philippines: The Rajah Solaiman Islamic Movement". Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter-Terrorism. Retrieved Volume 4, Number 1, 2009. Check date values in:
- Human Rights Watch Lives Destroyed: Attacks on Civilians in the Philippines. July 2007
- Carlos H. Conde, The New York Times 400 killed by terrorism in Philippines since 2000, report says 30 July 2007
- 1994 United Nations Declaration on Measures to Eliminate International Terrorism annex to UN General Assembly resolution 49/60 ,"Measures to Eliminate International Terrorism", of 9 December 1994, UN Doc. A/Res/60/49
- "Partido Liberal Pilipinas: Timeline". Retrieved 27 October 2007.
- Locsin, Jr., Teodoro. "Benigno S. Aquino, Jr. Man of the Year, 1971". Retrieved 27 October 2007.
- "Death in the Plaza Miranda". Time. 30 August 1971. Retrieved 27 October 2007.
- "6 Killed and 130 Are Wounded In Blasts at Philippine Cathedral". New York Times. 27 December 1993. Retrieved 27 December 1993. Check date values in:
- "Violence mars joy". Ottawa Citizen. 20 April 1981. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- "Marcos warns terrorists". Star-News. 21 April 1981. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- Mydans, Seth (18 March 1987). "BOMB KILLS 4 IN THE PHILIPPINES". New York Times. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- "Abu Sayyaf kidnappings, bombings and other attacks". GMA News. 23 August 2007. Retrieved 22 March 2010.
- TIM MCGIRK (18 June 2001). "Perpetually Perilous". Time. Retrieved 22 March 2010.
- Debbie Meroff. "In His Majesty's Service: A Salute to the MV Doulos". OM International. Retrieved 14 March 2010.
- Eliza Griswold. "Waging Peace in the Philippines". Smithsonian. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- "The Bloody Trail of Abu Sayyaf, Al Qaeda's Agent in East Asia". Suburban Emergency Management Project. 3 March 2006. Retrieved 23 March 2010.[dead link]
- "VICTORIA CALAGUIAN: Photojournalist". L.A. Zamboanga Times. 22 December 2008. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- "World News Briefs; Filipino Troops Corner Rebels After Attack". New York Times. 7 April 1995. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- "Bus bomb kills 32 Filipinos in ferry explosion". The Independent (London). 25 February 2000. Retrieved 25 February 2000. Check date values in:
- "41 Dead in Philippines Bombing". YNew York Times. 25 February 2000. Retrieved 25 February 2000. Check date values in:
- "Bomb Aboard Bus Kills 26 in Philippines". LA Times. 26 February 2000. Retrieved 26 February 2000. Check date values in:
- Fuller, Thomas (25 April 2000). "20 Kidnapped From Malaysian Resort Island". New York Times. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- P. S. Suryanarayana (4 May 2000). "Malaysia seeks direct role in hostage crisis". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- FREEMAN WASHINGTON (18 May 2000). "Bomb blasts kill five in southern Philippines". CDNN. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- "Bomb blasts rock Jolo". BBC News. 18 May 2000. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- "1 killed in Megamall blast". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 21 May 2000. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- "PHILIPPINES BOMB". Voice of America via GlobalSecurity.org. 16 July 2000. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- "Philippine bombs kill three". BBC News. 1 August 2000. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
- Suerte Felipe, Cecille; James Mananghaya (19 December 2006). "After CBCP rally, PNP prepares for Rizal Day bombing anniversary". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 14 March 2010.
- Fernandez, Jonathan F. (4 August 2004). "2 Rizal Day 'bombers' nabbed". Sun Star Manila. Sun Star Publishing, Inc. Retrieved 8 February 2007.
- GMA News Research. (23 January 2009). "Rizal Day bombing chronology". GMA News. Retrieved 2010-03-14.
- "Hostages die in Philippine rescue bid". BBC News. 7 June 2002. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- "Philippines hostage search begins". BBC News. 27 May 2001. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- "Philippines hostage crisis deepens". BBC News. 2 June 2001. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- "Hostages rescued in the Philippines". BBC News. 5 August 2002. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- "Philippines offer averts beheading". BBC News. 11 June 2001. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- "11 dead, scores hurts after Philippine blast". Independent Online. 29 October 2001. Retrieved 29 October 2001.
- "11 dead, scores injured in blast in Philippines: radio". ABC News. 29 October 2001. Retrieved 29 October 2001.
- "Two arrests after Philippine bomb blast". CNN. 21 April 2002. Retrieved 21 April 2002.
- "ABUS, AL-QAEDA TAGGED IN WEDNESDAY NIGHT ZAMBOANGA BOMBING". newsflash. 4 October 2002. Retrieved 22 March 2010.
- "KIDAPAWAN BLAST KILLS 8". newsflash. 11 October 2002. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- Six dead in Philippines grenade attack
- "Church attacked in Philippines city". BBC News. 20 October 2002. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- "Six killed in Philippines bomb blasts". The Independent (London). 17 October 2002. Retrieved 17 October 2002.
- Gumbel, Andrew (18 October 2002). "Bus bomb in Manila leaves three dead". The Independent (London). Retrieved 18 October 2002.
- "Three dead in Manila bus bomb". BBC News. 18 October 2002. Retrieved 18 October 2002.
- "Abu bomb expert captured". philstar.com. 15 November 2002. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- "Philippines bombing possibly feudal". ABC. 25 December 2002. Retrieved 25 December 2002.
- "Nine dead in Philippine grenade explosion". ABC News Radio Australia. 1 January 2003. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "10 killed in Philippines NYE attack". The Age. Associated Press. 2 January 2003. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "Deadly explosion rocks Philippine Market filled with New Years revelers". Daily News. 1 January 2003. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- Fox News: Bomb Kills 21, Including an American, at Philippines Airport, 4 March 2003
- The Independent: Bomb attack kills 19 at airport in Philippines, 4 March 2003
- Muslim Association of Hawai'i: Bomb explodes in Davao airport waiting shed; 20 killed, 146 wounded, 4 March 2003
- New York Times: 16 Die in Bombing in Southern Philippines; Rebels Deny Link, 3 April 2003
- Human Rights Watch Sasa Wharf Bombing, April 2, 2003, July 2007
- Sun Star MILF men kill 6, hold cops, others hostage, 25 April 2003
- Sun Star MILF apologizes for deaths, vows probe, 26 April 2003
- newsflash MILF ON A RAMPAGE IN LANAO, COTABATO, 26 April 2003
- sunstar Probe team urges release of Koronadal blast suspects, 28 January 2003
- CNN Nine dead in Philippines bomb, 10 May 2003
- LA Times Marketplace Blast Kills 9 in Philippines , 11 May 2003
- Democracy Now Bombing in Philippines Kills 10 in the Town of Koronadal on the Island of Mindanao, 12 May 2003
- ABC News Mosque blast death toll rises, 3 October 2003
- IOL Five Malaysian hostages reportedly killed, 28 October 2003
- Daily Express Fishermen do not know all the estuaries, 6 November 2003
- Arab News Military Denies Sabah Hostages Are in Jolo, 17 October 2003
- Sydney Morning Herald: Bomb at Philippines basketball game kills ten, 5 January 2004
- Human Rights Watch List of Major Attacks, July 2007
- Philippine Headline News CENTRAL MINDANAO LEADERS SEEK DEEPER PROBE INTO JAN 4 PARANG BOMBING, January 2004
- Time The Return of Abu Sayyaf
- Human Rights Watch Superferry Bombing, February 27, 2004 July 2007
- Independent Media Center: Fact Sheet on General Santos City Bombing, 14 December 2004
- Sydney Morning Herald: Australian experts looking into Philippines bombing, 16 December 2004
- NY Times: References to 'terror' avoided by Manila : Philippines holds 5 in fatal bombing, 17 December 2004
- "VALENTINE'S DAY BOMBING SPREE, ABU CLAIMS RESPONSIBILITY". Newsflash. 15 February. Retrieved 15 February. Check date values in:
- "Valentine's Day Attacks, February 14, 2005". Human Rights Watch. July 2007.
- "Court metes death on Valentine's Day bombers". sunstar. 29 October. Retrieved 29 October. Check date values in:
- "Armed men abduct 19 in Philippines". ABC News. 21 April. Retrieved 21 April. Check date values in:
- "Quick thinking saved university captives". sunstar. 23 April. Retrieved 23 April. Check date values in:
- "Task force to probe ferry bombing formed". sunstar. 17 September 2005. Retrieved 22 March 2010.
- "4th ferry bombing victim dies at DMC". sunstar. 17 September 2005. Retrieved 22 March 2010.
- AsiaNews.it: Massacre of Christians in Jolo deals heavy blow to hopes for peace, 3 February 2006
- "Nine dead in Philippine bomb blast". SMH. 27 March 2006. Retrieved 22 March 2010.
- "US deplores Jolo bombing; Arroyo orders probe". Sun Star News. 27 March 2006. Retrieved 22 March 2010.
- People's Daily Five killed by bomb explosion in southern Philippines, 23 June 2006
- "Six killed in Philippines bomb blast". Independent Online. 23 June 2006. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
- Jacinto, Al (11 October 2006). "14 killed, 24 wounded in bomb attacks". Sun Star. Retrieved 19 February 2007.
- "Six killed in Philippines bombing". BBC. 10 October 2006. Retrieved 19 February 2007.
- "12 dead in Philippine bomb blast, 42 injured". Yahoo! Singapore News (AFP). 10 October 2006. Retrieved 19 February 2007.
- "Fresh blast as Philippines blames rebels for bombs". Reuters. Retrieved 11 October 2006. (Link dead as of 19 February 2007)
- "(Update) Mindanao bombings kill 7, hurt 27". GMA News. 11 January 2007.
- "Philippine group beheads hostages". BBC News. 20 April 2007. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "Al-Qaeda-linked guerrillas behead captives". Independent Online. Agence France Presse. 19 April 2007. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "Three dead, dozens hurt in Philippine bombing". Sydney Morning Herald. 9 May 2007.
- "Tacurong blast toll rises to 8; JI eyed in bombing". GMA News. 7 May 2007.
- Mogato, Manny (18 May 2007). "Bomb kills three at Philippine bus station". Reuters. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "Explosion at bus terminal in the southern Philippines kills 1, wounds dozens". Malaysia Star. Associated Press. 18 May 2007. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "Philippine lawmaker killed in blast". International Herald Tribune. 13 November 2007.
- Ager, Maila (13 November 2007). "(UPDATE 2) List of dead and injured in Congress blast". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- "Lawmaker killed in Philippine parliament blast". CNN. 13 November 2007. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- "Update: MILF involvement eyed in Zamboanga City bombing (6:45 p.m.)". Sun Star Network Online. 29 May 2008. Retrieved 29 May 2008.
- "Extortion eyed in Digos bus bombing". Sun Star Network Online. 25 July 2008. Retrieved 25 July 2008.
- Digal, Santosh (30 July 2008). "Mindanao: four Christians killed, a fifth missing". Asia News. Retrieved 4 April 2010.
- Ritter, Peter (2 September 2008). "Philippines Bomb Blast Hits South". Time Online. Retrieved 2 September 2008.
- "Woman suspected of planting deadly bomb on bus". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 2 September 2008. Retrieved 2 September 2008.
- "Ambush kills 5 Muslims in Southern Philippines". The Mindanao Examiner. 3 November 2008. Retrieved 23 July 2011.
- "3 dead as blasts rock Iligan City a day before Arroyo visit". GMA News. 18 December 2008. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
- "Mall blasts kill 2, wound 6 in southern Philippines". Reuters. 18 December 2008. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
- "Blast in southern Philippines kills 2, wounds 8". Reuters. 4 April 2009. Retrieved 4 April 2009.
- "Blast in Philippine southern beach resort, 1 dead". The Malaysian Insider. 26 April 2009. Retrieved 26 April 2009.
- "3 killed, 5 wounded in Zamboanga ambush". Mindanao Examiner. 21 May 2009. Retrieved 4 April 2010.
- "Unarmed soldier, civilian killed in Philippine rebel bomb attack". Xinhuanet. 3 June 2009. Retrieved 3 June 2009.
- Manar, Malu Cadeliña (5 July 2009). "Bomb attack on Cotabato City cathedral kills five, hurts 29". GMA News and Public Affairs. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
- Mogato, Manny (5 July 2009). "Blast outside church in Philippines kills 5". The Boston Globe. Reuters. Retrieved 5 July 2009.[dead link]
- "More bombs in south Philippines". BBC News. 7 July 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2009.
- "Philippines Bombs Kill 6 People, Injure 53 in South (Update3)". Bloomberg.com. 7 July 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2009.
- "Five die in Philippines bombing". RTÉ. 5 July 2009. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
- "Bomb hits Philippine church-goers". BBC News. 5 July 2009. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
- "Pope Benedict XVI condemns Cotabato bombing". GMA News and Public Affairs. 5 July 2009. Retrieved 6 July 2009.
- Mogato, Manny (5 July 2009). "Blast outside church in Philippines kills 5". The Boston Globe. Reuters. Retrieved 6 July 2009.[dead link]
- Sisante, Johanna Camille (7 July 2009). "Blasts hit Mindanao again, 6 people dead, over 40 injured". GMA News and Public Affairs. Retrieved 7 July 2009.
- Umel, Richel, Abigail Kwok, Ed General, and Julie Alipala (7 July 2009). "4 blasts in south leave 6 killed, 56 hurt". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 7 July 2009.
- Xiaodan, Du (17 September 2009). "Two killed, 15 wounded in Philippine carnival blast". China Central Television. Xinhua. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "Two US Navy men, Filipino trooper die in Sulu roadside bombing". Balita dot ph. 29 September. Retrieved 29 September. Check date values in:
- "1 killed, 21 hurt in Marawi city hall blast". GMA News. 20 October 2009. Retrieved 22 March 2010.
- "Bomb Explosion Level Down Jolo Police Station". Sun Star. 5 December. Retrieved 5 December. Check date values in:
- "Bomb attack kills boy, 12". Straits Times. 27 February 2010. Retrieved 27 February 2010.
- Gilbert P. Felongco (27 February 2010). "Moros deny involvement in massacre of 12 Basilan civilians". Retrieved 22 March 2010.
- OLIVER TEVES (27 February 2010). "Philippines: Suspected militant attack kills 11". Retrieved 22 March 2010.
- "Philippine raid leaves several dead". AP via Aljazeera. 27 February 2010. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- Jewel Reyes (27 February 2010). "2 more die in Abu Sayyaf attack in Basilan". Retrieved 22 March 2010.
- "Soldier dies in military truck bombing in Davao City". Yahoo News. 15 March 2010. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
- "4 policemen killed, 5 others wounded in ambush in N. Philippines". xinhuanet.com. 20 March 2010. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- Alipala, Julie (14 April 2010). "Powerful figures behind Abu Sayyaf's latest attack -- police". Inquirer Mindanao. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- "Two dead in bomb blasts in southern Philippines: police". Times of India. 12 April 2010. Retrieved 26 March 2011.[dead link]
- Dono, Christian (15 April 2010). "Philippine island in lockdown after siege". AFP via News.com. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- "Suspected Abu Sayyaf gunmen kill 4 in Philippines". ASSOCIATED PRESS via Bloomberg Businessweek. 24 June 2010. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- "Suspected Abu Sayyaf attacks". Straits Times. 24 June 2010. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- "Philippines airport bomb kills two, wounds governor". BBC online. 6 August 2010. Retrieved 25 March 2011.
- "Christian suspected in suicide bomb attack on Zamboanga airport". AsiaNews.it. 6 August 2010. Retrieved 25 March 2011.
- C. Calonzo, Andreo (29 August 2010). "Town councillor, 4 others killed in Masbate ambush". GMA News. Retrieved 23 July 2011.
- "High alert in Philippines after bomb on bus kills 10". Daily Times. 22 October 2010. Retrieved 25 March 2011.
- "Bus bomb kills nine in Philippines". AFP via Jakarta Globe. 22 October 2010. Retrieved 25 March 2011.
- "Deadly Bus Bombing in Southern Philippines". Associated Press via Youtube. 21 October. Retrieved 26 March 2011. Check date values in:
- "Bomb on bus in Philippines kills 10, wounds 9". San Diego Union-Tribune. Associated Press. 21 October 2010. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- "1 dead, 2 hurt in southern Philippine bomb blast". The Star. 15 November 2010. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- A. GABIETA, JOEY (15 December 2010). "2 civilians killed, 1 soldier wounded in Las Navas ambush". Leyte Samar Daily Express. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- "Bomb Wounds 11 at Christmas Mass in Philippines". CBS News. 26 December 2010. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- "Pope deplores violence in Philippines". ABC Radio Australia. 27 December 2010. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- Boncocan, Karen (26 January 2011). "Special task group reconstructing bus bomb for clue to identity of suspects". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved 25 March 2011.
- Mair, John (26 January 2011). "Manila bus bomb similar to devices used in restive south". Reuters UK. Retrieved 25 March 2011.
- "Five dead in blast outside Philippine school". AFP. 10 March 2011. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- "Sulu bombing seen work of Abu Sayyaf". The Inquirer. 12 March 2011. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- "Philippines blames Muslim militants for bombing that killed three". Deutsche Presse Agentur via Monsters and Critics. 11 March 2011. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- Guanqun, Wang (26 March 2011). "3 killed in leftist rebels attack in S Philippines". Xinhua.net. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- Tesiorna, Ben O. (4 April 2011). "11 die in Maguindanao attack". Sun Star Davao. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
- Unson, John (4 April 2011). "Maguindanao ambush: 8 dead". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
- "Four gunmen shoot three dead on Philippine bus". Herald Sun. Associated Press. 6 April 2011. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
- Escalante, Shirley (27 June 2011). "Two killed in Philippines bomb blasts". ABC Australia. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
- "Two killed, eight hurt in bomb blast". Gulf Times. 27 June 2011. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
- "Bomb blast on rebel-controlled Philippines island kills 2, wounds 9". Thomson Reuters Foundation. 2 August 2011. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- Dacanay, Barbara Mae (24 October 2011). "Three soldiers, five plantation workers killed in southern Philippines clashes". Gulf News. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "Three killed in Philippines hotel bombing". The Australian. Associated Press. 28 November 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- "Hotel Explosion Kills 3, Wounds 27 in Philippines". Fox News.com. Associated Press. 27 November 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- Gomez, Jim (28 November 2011). "Hotel bomb kills 3, wounds 27 in south Philippines". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- "Gunmen kill 15 fishermen in Basilan: military". ABS CBN. Agence France-Presse. 24 January 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- "Gunmen attack fishing boats in Philippines, killing 15". CNN. 24 January 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- Julie S. Alipala (25 January 2012). "15 fishermen slain off Basilan". Inquirer Mindanao. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- Williamor A. Magbanua; Jeoffrey Maitem (20 February 2012). "3 dead in Kidapawan city jail attack". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- Lore Mae Andong (20 February 2012). "3 killed, 15 hurt in Kidapawan jail attack". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- Queenie Casimiro (23 February 2012). "6 killed in Zamboanga attack". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- Julie S. Alipala (25 February 2012). "Revenge behind 2 massacres; 10 killed". Inquirer Mindanao. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- "2 die, 13 hurt in Sulu blast". Sun Star. Associated Press. 3 March 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- "Police suspect Abu Sayyaf in Jolo bombing". Philippine Inquirer. Agence France-Presse. 4 March 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- "Bomb rips through bus in Philippines". Independent Online. 11 April 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- "Death toll in southern Philippine bombing rises to 3". Shanghai Daily. Xinhua. 11 April 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- Richel Umel (6 May 2012). "2 killed, 36 injured in Iligan City grenade attack". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- Bong Garcia (12 July 2012). "Ambush victims get financial aid". Sun Star Zamboanga. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- Cai Panlilio; JB Deveza; Bobby Lagsa (11 October 2012). "2 dead, 2 cops hurt in Cagayan de Oro bombing". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- "12 dead in Philippines political ambush ahead of vote". Times of India. 26 April 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- "13 killed in Lanao del Norte ambush; mayor wounded". Sun Star News. 26 April 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- "13 dead in Philippines political ambush ahead of vote". Global Post. Agence France-Presse. 26 April 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- "Bomb attack leaves 1 dead, another wounded in S. Philippines". NZweek. 26 April 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- "5 killed in ambushes on eve of midterm elections in Philippines". South China Morning Post. Agence France-Presse. 13 May 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- "Bukidnon mayor hurt after ambush". Sun Star News. 11 May 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- Diola, Camille (27 May 2013). "NPAs kill 7 police commandos in Cagayan ambush". Philstar.com. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "Communist rebels kill Philippines policemen in deadly ambush". Deutsche Welle. Associated Press. 27 May 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "Communist rebels kill Philippine commandos". Aljazeera. Associated Press. 27 May 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "Friday night horror: CDO bistro bomb kills six, Misamis Or. official among dead". GMA News Online. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- "Bomb explosions hit SM City Davao, Gaisano mall - Sun.Star". www.sunstar.com.ph. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- "Blast at southern Philippine city hall wounds 6". Yahoo News. 16 September 2014. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- Sinapit, Jaime (9 December 2014). "11 killed, 43 injured in Bukidnon bus explosion; students among casualties". InterAksyon.com. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
- "CCTV footage of Bukidnon bus bombing". ABS-CBN News. 10 December 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2014.