Tertius Chandler

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Tertius Chandler (1915–2000) from Berkeley, California was a historian and author.


Chandler was an author and historian who lectured on history, economics, and religion, especially about Moses. Chandler's most successful book in terms of recognition by scholars is Four Thousand Years of Urban Growth (1987).[1][2] The book includes estimates of the population of cities since ancient times. Although the book has been widely quoted,[3][4] urban historians have criticized Chandler's superficial and uncritical use of sources, leading to unreliable population estimates for many past cities.[5][6]


Outside of his mainstream work on populations of ancient cities, Chandler held many alternative ideas on history which he discussed in his book Godly Kings and Early Ethics where he presented his ideas on Moses and his belief that Zeus and other figures in Greek mythology were actual people. He developed these claims in some of his other books as well, some of his claims included:

  • That Zeus was a king in Moses' time.
  • That Tubal of ancient Spain may have built Stonehenge.
  • That Moses was Ikhnaton's vizier Ramose.
  • That Chinese writing was derived from that of Moses.
  • That Hindu reincarnation concepts came from Egypt.
  • That Noah was the same person as the ancient Greek Aeneas.

Published works[edit]

  • Four Thousand Years of Urban Growth First edition (1974) revised edition (1987) ISBN 0-88946-207-0
  • Chandler's Half Encyclopedia
  • The Tax We Need
  • Remote Kingdoms
  • Godly Kings and Early Ethics (1981) ISBN 0-9603872-4-2
  • Moses and the Golden Age (1986) ISBN 0-8059-3024-8
  • Progress: Social Progress from Mercury to Kennedy

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Stephen K. Sanderson, Civilizations and world systems: studying world-historical change, 1995, p. 209
  2. ^ http://teacherweb.ftl.pinecrest.edu/snyderd/MWH/readings/Urban/City%20Pop%20-%20History.pdf
  3. ^ Patrick Manning, Migration in world history, 2005, p. 14
  4. ^ Robert Marks, The origins of the modern world: a global and ecological narrative from the fifteenth to the twenty-first century, 2007, p.40
  5. ^ Jan de Vries, European urbanization 1500-1800, 1984, p. 18
  6. ^ Paul Bairoch, Cities and economic development: From the dawn of history to the present, 1988, pp.116-117