Terzan7 by Hubble Space Telescope; 3.5′ view
Credit: NASA, ESA, and A. Sarajedini (University of Florida). Acknowledgement: Gilles Chapdelaine
|Observation data (J2000 epoch)|
|Right ascension||19h 17m 43.92s|
|Declination||−34° 39′ 27.8″|
|Distance||75.7 kly (23.2 kpc)|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||12.0|
|Apparent dimensions (V)||7′.3|
|Estimated age||7.5 Gyr|
|Notable features||young extragalactic globular|
|Other designations||Ter 7, GCl 109.1|
Terzan 7 is a sparse and young globular cluster that is believed to have originated in the Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy (Sag DEG) and is physically associated with it. It is relatively metal rich with [Fe/H] = -0.6 and an estimated age of 7.5 Gyr. Terzan 7 has low levels of nickel ([Ni/Fe] = -0.2) which supports its membership in the Sag DEG system since it has a similar chemical signature. It has a rich population of blue stragglers that are strongly concentrated toward the center of Terzan 7. It has an average luminosity distribution of Mv = -5.05. It has a half-light radius (Rh) of 6.5pc.
Nearly all globular clusters of the Milky Way's galactic halo formed at the same time (12-15 Gyr). Even the far situated NGC 2419 (~100 kpc from galactic center) has a similar age. This trend also applies to the age of globulars found in the Large Magellanic Cloud and Fornax Dwarf (~140 kpc from galactic center). However, a few globulars seem to be significantly younger than the rest; these include Palomar 1, Palomar 3, Palomar 4, Palomar 12, Palomar 14, Ruprecht 106, IC 4499, Arp 2, Eridanus, Fornax 4, and Terzan 7. In particular, the ones associated with the Sag DEG appear to have formed more recently. The data suggests that all the present outer halo globulars may have originally formed in dwarf spheroidals.
Hierarchical galaxy formation
Alternatively, a hierarchical galaxy formation model is hypothesized under which a portion, possibly large, of the Milky Way's globular clusters would have originated in the accretion of other dwarf spheroidals like Sag DEG. The best candidate for this idea is Palomar 12.
- ^ 75.7 kly × tan( 7′.3 / 2 ) = 160 ly. radius
- Goldsbury, Ryan; et al. (December 2010), "The ACS Survey of Galactic Globular Clusters. X. New Determinations of Centers for 65 Clusters", The Astronomical Journal, 140 (6): 1830–1837, arXiv:, Bibcode:2010AJ....140.1830G, doi:10.1088/0004-6256/140/6/1830.
- Terzan 7 @ seds
- Wilson, Barbara (July 2, 1995), Obscure Globulars
- Geisler, Doug; Wallerstein, George; Smith, Verne V.; Casetti-Dinescu, Dana I. (September 2007), "Chemical Abundances and Kinematics in Globular Clusters and Local Group Dwarf Galaxies and Their Implications for Formation Theories of the Galactic Halo", The Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 119 (859): 939–961, arXiv:, Bibcode:2007PASP..119..939G, doi:10.1086/521990
- "SIMBAD Astronomical Object Database". Results for Terzan 7. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- Sbordone, L.; Bonifacio, P.; Marconi, G.; Buonanno, R.; Zaggia, S. (July 3, 2005), "Family ties: Abundances in Terzan 7, a Sgr dSph globular cluster", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 437 (3): 905–910, arXiv:, Bibcode:2005A&A...437..905S, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20042315
- Sbordone, L.; Bonifacio, P.; Marconi, G.; Buonanno, R. (2004), "Chemical abundances in Terzan 7", Memorie della Societa Astronomica Italiana, 75: 396, Bibcode:2004MmSAI..75..396S
- Held, Enrico V.; Rosenberg, Alfred; Saviane, Ivo; Momany, Yazan (March 12–16, 2001), written at Pucon, Chile, Geisler, D.; Grebel, E.K.; Minniti, D., eds., "The Globular Cluster Terzan 7 in the Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy", Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco (published 2002): 165, Bibcode:2002IAUS..207..165H
- van den Bergh, Sidney (July 2007), "The Luminosity Distribution of Globular Clusters in Dwarf Galaxies", The Astronomical Journal, 134 (1): 344–345, arXiv:, Bibcode:2007AJ....134..344V, doi:10.1086/518868
- van den Bergh, Sidney (February 2000), "Young Globular Clusters and Dwarf Spheroidals", The Astrophysical Journal, 530 (2): 777–782, arXiv:, Bibcode:2000ApJ...530..777V, doi:10.1086/308413
- Gottlieb, Steve (August 1, 2000), Sky and Telescope, 100 (2): 112, ISSN 0037-6604 Missing or empty
- Terzan, Agop (1968), "Six nouveaux amas stellaires (Terzan 3-8) dans la region DU centre de la Voie lactee et les constellations DU Scorpion et DU Sagittaire", C.R. Acad. Sci., 267 (Ser. B): 1245–1248, Bibcode:1968CRASB.267.1245T
- Briley, Michael M.; Martell, S.; Smith, G. H. (December 2007), "The Homogeneity of Light Elements in the Sagittarius Elliptical Dwarf Galaxy Globular Clusters Terzan 7 and Arp 2", American Astronomical Society, AAS Meeting #211, #58.31, Bibcode:2007AAS...211.5831B