Tesla Model X

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Tesla Model X
Tesla Model X vin0002 trimmed.jpg
Production 2015-present
Model years 2016-present
Assembly Tesla Factory in Fremont, California
Designer Franz von Holzhausen[1]
Body and chassis
Class Full-size crossover utility vehicle
Body style 5-door, 6 or 7-seat[2] CUV
Electric motor Dual Motor AWD
90D; 259 hp front and rear
P90D; 259 hp front, 503 hp rear
Transmission Single-speed transaxle gearbox
Electric range 90D; 90kW·h
257 mi (414 km) (EPA)[3]
310 mi (500 km) (NEDC)
P90D; 90kW·h
250 mi (400 km) (EPA)[3]
Wheelbase 120.5 in (3,061 mm)
Length 197 in (5,004 mm)
Width 82 in (2,083 mm)
Height 64 in (1,626 mm)

The Tesla Model X is a luxury full-size crossover utility vehicle from Tesla Motors. The prototype was unveiled at Tesla’s design studios in Los Angeles on February 9, 2012.[4] The Model X was developed from the full-size sedan platform of the Tesla Model S, and is being produced with it at the Tesla Factory in Fremont, California. First deliveries began in September 2015.[5]


Tesla Model X concept at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show

Initially Tesla planned for deliveries to commence in early 2014.[6] However, in February 2013, the company announced that deliveries had been rescheduled to begin by late 2014 in order to achieve its production target of 20,000 Model S cars in 2013.[7] In November 2013, Tesla said it expected to begin Model X high volume production the second quarter of 2015.[8] In November 2014, Tesla again delayed and announced that Model X deliveries would begin in the third quarter of 2015.[9] Deliveries began third quarter 2015 on September 29. Among the reasons for delay are problems with the gullwing doors and cooling the motors when hauling trailers.[10]

On July 29, 2015, Tesla announced a referral program though October 31, 2015 wherein owners of a Model S who refer 10 new buyers gain the option to buy a Founder Series Model X for the price of a base model. The first person (in each of 3 regions; Americas, Europe, Asia-Pacific) to reach this 10 referral point would be given this model for free.[11][12]


A series production vehicle was unveiled on September 29, 2015. It has a panoramic windshield. According to Elon Musk, it is the safest SUV in terms of frontal and side impact crash, being more than twice as safe as the next closest SUV in rollover tests as well. Standard radar-based AEB and ultrasonic-based side collision avoidance to steer occupants away from a side collision. Tesla developed an ultrasonic sensor that can see through metal to keep falcon doors from hitting nearby objects when opening or closing. Musk claims the car features the first true HEPA Filter in a car, with medical grade cabin air cleanliness comparable to that of a hospital operating room. When the car operates at maximum capability (enabled with a "Bioweapon Defense Mode" button), Tesla claims that no viruses, bacteria or spores can be detected in the cabin.[13]

The Model X features double hinged falcon doors, which open upwards allowing the leading edge of the door to remain tucked close to the body, unlike traditional gull-wing doors. Tesla claims the falcon-wing doors make access easier. The Model X offers room for seven adults and their luggage in three rows of seating and front and rear trunks.[14]


The Tesla Model S (right) and Model X (left) share the same platform and 30% of their parts.
Prototype Model X at the 2015 CES.

The Model X will weigh about 8% more than the Model S and share about 30% of its parts content – down from around 60% expected when development began.

The Model X has a choice of two lithium-ion battery packs, rated at either 70 or 90 kW·h – the same choices available on the Model S[4] – and the highest performance version of the model P90D goes from 0 to 60 mph (0 to 97 km/h) in 3.2 seconds, outperforming many sports cars and the fastest SUVs as well.[15][16] The Model X's all-wheel drive system uses two motors (one for the front and the other for the rear wheels), unlike conventional AWD systems that have a single source of power.[15] The Tesla Model X features an official EPA rated 250–257 mi (402–414 km) (P90D and standard 90D) range,[3] which translates to approximately 310 mi (500 km) range on the European NEDC testing cycle.[citation needed]

The company planned to offer rear-wheel drive models, but instead all models incorporate all wheel drive. The standard AWD has 259 hp on each of front and rear motors, while the performance edition has 259 hp front and 503 hp rear.[17][18] With an optional towbar, the Model X has a towing capacity of up to 5,000 pounds (2,300 kg).[19]

Energy consumption[edit]

The following table shows the EPA's official ratings for fuel economy in miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (MPGe) and EPA's estimated out-of-pocket fuel costs for the variants of the Model X rated as of 30 September 2015 and as displayed in the Monroney label.

2016 Tesla Model X fuel economy and operating costs
Model Model
Combined MPGe City MPGe Highway MPGe Cost to drive
25 miles
Fuel Cost(1)
(15,000 mi)
Tesla Model X AWD – 90D
(90 kWh)[20]
2016 92
(34 kWh/100 mi)
90 mpg-e
(37 kWh/100 mi)
(32 kWh/100 mi)
US$1.11 US$650
Tesla Model X AWD – P90D
(90 kWh)[21]
2016 89
(38 kWh/100 mi)
(38 kWh/100 mi)
(38 kWh/100 mi)
US$1.14 US$700
Notes: 1 Based on 45% highway and 55% city driving. Values rounded to the nearest US$50. Electricity cost of US$0.12/kWh,
as of 21 August 2015. 1 gal. gasoline = 33.7 kWh.

Production and sales[edit]

Elon Musk delivering one of the first six Model X Founders Series models to Tesla board member Steve Jurvetson

Tesla started taking reservations for the Model X in February 2012 without announcing prices.[22] The standard Model X required a US$5,000 deposit, while the no longer offered Signature model required a US$40,000 deposit as of 2013.[14] More than 20,000 Model Xs had been reserved by September 2014.[23] In August 2015, user groups estimated around 30,000 Model X pre-orders had been received, compared to 12,000 for the Model S.[24]

The first six Founders Series models were delivered at a market launch event in the Fremont factory on 29 September 2015.[5] Pricing for the limited edition signature version of the Model X varies between US$132,000 and US$144,000,[25] while the standard production version of the Model X costs $5,000 more than a comparably equipped AWD Model S that is priced at US$75,000 for the base Model 70D.[26]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "2014 Tesla Model X - First Look". Road and Track. Retrieved 2012-03-14. 
  2. ^ "Tesla Model X". Retrieved 2015-10-07. 
  3. ^ a b c U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2015-09-26). "2016 Tesla Model X AWD - 90D and P90D". Retrieved 2015-10-03. 
  4. ^ a b Garrett, Jerry (2012-02-09). "Tesla Unveils Model X at Its Southern California Design Studios". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  5. ^ a b Mike Millikin (2015-09-30). "Tesla CEO Musk launches Model X electric SUV: “safest SUV ever”". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2015-10-03. 
  6. ^ "Geneva show: Tesla Model X". Autocar. Retrieved 2013-03-14. 
  7. ^ Ronald D. White (2013-03-08). "Tesla plans to repay loans early, delays Model X". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013-03-10. 
  8. ^ Young, Angelo (2013-11-06). "Tesla Model X Release Date: Superficial Production Next Year; Deliveries To Customers In Full Effect Later". International Business Times. Retrieved 2014-01-01. 
  9. ^ Sebastian Blanco (2014-11-05). "Tesla Model X delayed, again, but Musk says Model S demand remains high". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2014-11-05. 
  10. ^ Voelcker, John (9 February 2015). "Why Tesla Model X Electric SUV Is Late: Range, Towing, 'Falcon Doors'". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 8 April 2015.  Page 2
  11. ^ Chris Ziegler (July 29, 2015). "Want a free Tesla Model X? Convince ten people to buy a Model S right now". theverge.com. Retrieved 2015-09-11. 
  12. ^ Referral Program Different archive, from 26 August 2015 Tesla. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  13. ^ Elon Musk launches Tesla Model X (9.29.15). YouTube. 29 September 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  14. ^ a b Bradley Berman (2013-03-12). "Tesla Model X Production Won’t Start Until Late 2014". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-03-12. 
  15. ^ a b "Model X". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  16. ^ "Tesla Model X Acceleration vs Competing SUVs (+ More Spy Pics)". Gas 2. 
  17. ^ "Model X | Tesla Motors". www.teslamotors.com. Retrieved 2015-09-30. 
  18. ^ Zachary Shahan (23 September 2015). "JB Straubel Answers (Trolls?) Tesla Horsepower Critics". Clean Technica. 
  19. ^ Woodyard, Chris. "First drive: Tesla Model X is an awesome way to spend $132,000". usatoday.com. USA Today. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  20. ^ U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (September 2015). "2016 Tesla Model X AWD 90D (90 kW-hr battery pack)". Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2015-09-28. 
  21. ^ U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (September 2015). "2016 Tesla Model X AWD P90D (90 kW-hr battery pack)". Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2015-09-28. 
  22. ^ "Tesla Model X Reservations Hit 500 in 24 Hours - HybridCars.com". HybridCars.com. 
  23. ^ Danny King. "Tesla Model X reservations 20,000 strong and counting". Autoblog. 
  24. ^ "Tesla Motors Inc (TSLA) Model X Pre-Orders Cross 30,000 Units". businessfinancenews.com. The table formed by TMC reveals that the electric vehicle (EV) company has received 30,027 Model X reservations worldwide. -- The sedan was able to receive only 12,000 pre-orders ahead of its launch. 
  25. ^ "Tesla Signature series Model X to begin delivery September 29". Reuters (CNBC). 2015-09-03. Retrieved 2015-09-04. 
  26. ^ "Tesla's long-delayed Model X SUV hits the road as sales of luxury SUVs are booming". Retrieved 2015-09-30. 

External links[edit]