Tesla Model X

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Tesla Model X
Tesla Model X vin0002 trimmed.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Tesla Motors
Production 2015–present
Model years 2016–present
Assembly Tesla Factory in Fremont, California
Designer Franz von Holzhausen[1]
Body and chassis
Class Full-size, luxury, crossover SUV
Body style 5-door[2] SUV
Related Tesla Model S
Powertrain
Electric motor Dual Motor AWD 90D
259 hp (193 kW) front and rear
P90D
259 hp (193 kW) front, 503 hp (375 kW) rear
Transmission Single-speed transaxle gearbox
Electric range 90D 90 kWh (320 MJ)
257 mi (414 km) (EPA)[3]
P90D 90 kWh (320 MJ)
250 mi (400 km) (EPA)[3]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 120.5 in (3,061 mm)
Length 198.0 in (5,029 mm)
Width 78.7 in (1,999 mm)[4]
Height 66.3 in (1,684 mm)

The Tesla Model X is a full-sized, all-electric, luxury, crossover SUV made by Tesla Motors that uses falcon wing doors for access to the second and third row seats. The prototype was unveiled at Tesla’s design studios in Los Angeles on February 9, 2012.[5] The Model X has an official EPA rated 250–257 mi (402–414 km) range,[3] and the combined fuel economy equivalent and energy consumption for the AWD P90D was rated at 89 mpg-e (23 kWh/100 km or 39 kWh/100 mi).[6]

The Model X was developed from the full-sized sedan platform of the Tesla Model S; both are being produced at the Tesla Factory in Fremont, California. First deliveries of the Model X began in September 2015.[7] Since its introduction, 7,250 units have been delivered by the end of June 2016.[7][8][9][10]

History[edit]

Tesla Model X concept at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show

Initially Tesla planned for deliveries to commence in early 2014.[11] However, in February 2013, the company announced that deliveries had been rescheduled to begin by late 2014 in order to achieve its production target of 20,000 Model S cars in 2013.[12] In November 2013, Tesla said it expected to begin Model X high volume production the second quarter of 2015.[13] In November 2014, Tesla again delayed and announced that Model X deliveries would begin in the third quarter of 2015.[14] Deliveries began on September 29, 2015. Among the reasons for delay were problems with the falcon-wing doors and cooling the motors when hauling trailers.[15]

In 2016, the company filed a lawsuit against Hoerbiger for not producing satisfactory falcon-wing doors for the Model X. Tesla claimed the doors suffered from oil leakage and overheating. Many believe this is one of the reasons for the delay of the Model X.[16]

On July 29, 2015, Tesla announced a referral program though October 31, 2015 wherein owners of a Model S who refer 10 new buyers gain the option to buy a Founder Series Model X for the price of a base model. The first person (in each of three regions; Americas, Europe, Asia-Pacific) to reach this 10 referral point would be given this model for free.[17][18]

On July 13, 2016, Tesla introduced its Model X 60D, which carries a starting price tag of $64,500 compared to the original Model X's $80,000 starting price. The Model X 60D has a 200-mile range and can hit zero to 60 miles per hour in six-seconds with a top speed of 130 mph. The battery can be upgraded by software to 75kWh.[19]

Tesla plans to use the Model X platform for the Tesla Minibus.[20]

Design[edit]

A series production vehicle was unveiled on September 29, 2015. It has a panoramic windshield. According to Tesla founder Elon Musk, it is the safest SUV in terms of frontal and side impact crash, being more than twice as safe as the next closest SUV in rollover tests as well. Standard radar-based AEB and ultrasonic-based side collision avoidance system to steer occupants away from a side collision. Tesla developed an ultrasonic sensor that can see through metal to keep falcon wing doors from hitting nearby objects when opening or closing. Musk claims the car features the first true HEPA filter in a car, with medical grade cabin air cleanliness comparable to that of a hospital operating room. When the car operates at maximum capability (enabled with a "Bioweapon Defense Mode" button), Tesla claims that no viruses, bacteria or spores can be detected in the cabin.[21]

The Model X features double hinged falcon wing doors, which open upwards allowing the leading edge of the door to remain tucked close to the body, unlike traditional gull-wing doors. Tesla claims the falcon doors make access easier. The Model X offers room for seven adults and their luggage in three rows of seating and front and rear trunks.[22]

Specifications[edit]

The Tesla Model S (left) and Model X (right) share the same platform and 30% of their parts
The Model X features double hinged falcon doors
Profile of the Tesla Model X

The Model X weighs about 8% more than the Model S and shares about 30% of its parts content – down from around 60% expected when development began.

The Model X has a choice of two lithium-ion battery packs, rated at either 75 or 90 kW·h – the same choices available on the Model S[5] – and the highest performance version of the model P90D goes from 0 to 60 mph (0 to 97 km/h) in 3.2 seconds and the 14 mile (400 meters) in 11.6 seconds,[23] outperforming the fastest SUVs and most sports cars.[24][25] The Model X's all-wheel drive system uses two motors (one for the front and the other for the rear wheels), unlike conventional AWD systems that have a single source of power.[24] The Tesla Model X features an official EPA rated 250–257 mi (402–414 km) (P90D and standard 90D) range,[3] which according to valuewalk.com translates to approximately 310 mi (500 km) range on the European NEDC testing cycle.[26]

The company planned to offer rear-wheel drive models, but instead all models incorporate all wheel drive. The standard AWD has 259 horsepower (193 kilowatts) on both the front and rear motors, while the performance edition has 259 hp (193 kW) front and 503 hp (375 kW) rear.[27][28] With an optional towbar, the Model X has a towing capacity of up to 5,000 pounds (2,300 kg).[29]

Energy consumption[edit]

The following table shows the EPA's official ratings for fuel economy in miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (MPGe) and EPA's estimated out-of-pocket fuel costs for the variants of the Model X rated as of 30 September 2015 and as displayed in the Monroney label.

2016 Tesla Model X fuel economy and operating costs
Model Model
year
Fuel efficiency (MPGe) 25 mi (40 km)
journey cost
Annual fuel cost[a]
(15,000 mi or 24,000 km)
Combined City Highway
AWD 90D
(90 kWh)[6]
2016 92; 34 kWh/100 mi,
or 21 kWh/100 km
90; 37 kWh/100 mi,
or 23 kWh/100 km
94; 32 kWh/100 mi,
or 20 kWh/100 km
US$1.11 US$650
AWD P90D
(90 kWh)[30]
2016 89; 38 kWh/100 mi,
or 24 kWh/100 km
89; 38 kWh/100 mi,
or 24 kWh/100 km
90; 38 kWh/100 mi,
or 24 kWh/100 km
US$1.14 US$700
  1. ^ Based on 45% highway and 55% city driving. Values rounded to the nearest US$50. Electricity cost of US$0.12/kWh, as of 21 August 2015. 1 US gal (3.8 L) gasoline = 33.7 kWh.

Production and sales[edit]

Elon Musk delivering one of the first six Model X Founders Series models to Tesla board member Steve Jurvetson.

Tesla started taking reservations for the Model X in February 2012 without announcing prices.[31] The standard Model X required a US$5,000 deposit, while the no longer offered Signature model required a US$40,000 deposit as of 2013.[22] More than 20,000 Model Xs had been reserved by September 2014.[32] In August 2015, user groups estimated around 30,000 Model X pre-orders had been received, compared to 12,000 for the Model S.[33]

The first six Founders Series models were delivered at a market launch event in the Fremont factory on 29 September 2015.[7] The first Signature edition was delivered on 18 December 2015.[34] Pricing for the limited edition Signature version of the Model X varies between US$132,000 and US$144,000,[35] while the standard production version of the Model X will be priced at US$5,000 more than a comparably equipped AWD Model S that is priced at US$75,000 for the base Model 70D.[36]

After the first quarter of 2016 all Tesla Model X deliveries had gone to US customers. Nevertheless, in January 2016 a Tesla car other than the Model S was registered in Germany and a Tesla Model X was sighted driving there with a license plate from Ingolstadt. Since the Audi headquarters are located in Ingolstadt, this led to speculation that Audi has acquired a Tesla Model X as part of its effort to develop its own battery-electric SUV.[37][38]

Tesla Model X production by quarter
Quarter Units produced
4Q 2015
507
1Q 2016
2,659
2Q 2016
4,638

Tesla produced 507 Model X in the fourth quarter of 2015, of which 206 were delivered to customers.[9] Model X sales totaled 2,659 units during the first quarter of 2016. According to Tesla Motors, deliveries were lower than expected because production was impacted by severe Model X supplier parts shortages in the first two months of 2016, and because Tesla had been too ambitious in wanting advanced features (committed "hubris").[10] The first Model X that didn't need corrections was made in April 2016.[39] Sales during the second quarter of 2016 totaled 4,638 units. Although production was up 20% from the previous quarter, the number of vehicles in transit at the end of June 2016 was much higher than expected (5,150 including Model S cars), representing 35.8% of the number of cars delivered in the quarter (14,402 vehicles including the Model S).[8][40] As of June 2016, cumulative sales totaled 7,250 units since in inception in September 2015.[7][8][9][10]

Known issues[edit]

On April 11, 2016, Tesla voluntarily recalled 2,700 Model X due to safety concerns. During collision testing, it was found that the third-row seats would unlatch and fold over to the second row. Tesla urged customers to avoid using the third-row seats until it has been repaired.[41]

The falcon-wing doors sometimes do not open or do not latch when closed and occasionally the windows will not open or close all the way.[42]

On June 27, 2016, Tesla settled on a lawsuit over usability concerns, accepting that the Model X was rushed to production before it was ready for prime-time.[43]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2014 Tesla Model X - First Look". Road and Track. Retrieved 2012-03-14. 
  2. ^ "Tesla Model X". Retrieved 2015-10-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2015-09-26). "2016 Tesla Model X AWD - 90D and P90D". Retrieved 2015-10-03. 
  4. ^ "Width of Car/Parking". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  5. ^ a b Garrett, Jerry (2012-02-09). "Tesla Unveils Model X at Its Southern California Design Studios". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  6. ^ a b U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (September 2015). "2016 Tesla Model X AWD 90D (90 kW-hr battery pack)". Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2015-09-28. 
  7. ^ a b c d Mike Millikin (2015-09-30). "Tesla CEO Musk launches Model X electric SUV: "safest SUV ever"". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2015-10-03. 
  8. ^ a b c "Tesla Second Quarter 2016 Update" (PDF) (Press release). Palo Alto: Tesla Motors. 2016-08-03. Retrieved 2016-08-03.  During the second quarter of 2016 Tesla Motors delivered 14,402 new vehicles consisting of 9,764 Model S and 4,638 Model X. Production during 2Q 2016 totaled 18,345 vehicles.
  9. ^ a b c Tesla Motors (2016-02-10). "Tesla Fourth Quarter & Full Year 2015 Update" (PDF). Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2016-08-04.  A total of 17,478 units were delivered globaly during the fourth quarter of 2015, including 206 Model X vehicles. Model S sales in the United States totaled 16,689 units in 2014 and 25,202 in 2015.
  10. ^ a b c "Tesla Delivers 14,820 Vehicles in Q1 2016; On Track for Full-Year Delivery Guidance". Tesla Motors (Press release). Palo Alto: Market Wired. 2016-04-04. Retrieved 2016-04-04. 
  11. ^ "Geneva show: Tesla Model X". Autocar. Retrieved 2013-03-14. 
  12. ^ Ronald D. White (2013-03-08). "Tesla plans to repay loans early, delays Model X". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013-03-10. 
  13. ^ Young, Angelo (2013-11-06). "Tesla Model X Release Date: Superficial Production Next Year; Deliveries To Customers In Full Effect Later". International Business Times. Retrieved 2014-01-01. 
  14. ^ Sebastian Blanco (2014-11-05). "Tesla Model X delayed, again, but Musk says Model S demand remains high". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2014-11-05. 
  15. ^ Voelcker, John (2015-02-09). "Why Tesla Model X Electric SUV Is Late: Range, Towing, 'Falcon Doors'". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2015-04-08. 
  16. ^ "Tesla sues Model X falcon wing door supplier". AutoBlog. 2016-01-26. Retrieved 2016-02-13. 
  17. ^ Chris Ziegler (July 29, 2015). "Want a free Tesla Model X? Convince ten people to buy a Model S right now". theverge.com. Retrieved 2015-09-11. 
  18. ^ Referral Program Different archive, from 26 August 2015 Tesla. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  19. ^ Mark Lelinwalla, TechCrunch. “Tesla introduces a more affordable Model X.” July 13, 2016. July 13, 2016.
  20. ^ "Tesla will leverage the Model X chassis to build its 'Minibus', says Elon Musk". Electrek. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  21. ^ Elon Musk launches Tesla Model X (9.29.15). YouTube. 29 September 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  22. ^ a b Bradley Berman (2013-03-12). "Tesla Model X Production Won't Start Until Late 2014". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-03-12. 
  23. ^ Tesla Model X vs Model S P90D Ludicrous - DragTimes 2016-02-14
  24. ^ a b "Model X". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  25. ^ "Tesla Model X Acceleration vs Competing SUVs (+ More Spy Pics)". Gas 2. 
  26. ^ Morris, Christopher (2015-10-04). "Tesla Model X vs. Tesla Model S: What's The Difference?". valuewalk.com. Retrieved 2015-10-10. 
  27. ^ "Model X - Tesla Motors". www.teslamotors.com. Retrieved 2015-09-30. 
  28. ^ Zachary Shahan (2015-09-23). "JB Straubel Answers (Trolls?) Tesla Horsepower Critics". Clean Technica. 
  29. ^ Woodyard, Chris (2015-09-30). "First drive: Tesla Model X is an awesome way to spend $132,000". usatoday.com. USA Today. Retrieved 2015-09-30. 
  30. ^ U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (September 2015). "2016 Tesla Model X AWD P90D (90 kW-hr battery pack)". Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2015-09-28. 
  31. ^ "Tesla Model X Reservations Hit 500 in 24 Hours". HybridCars.com. 
  32. ^ Danny King. "Tesla Model X reservations 20,000 strong and counting". Autoblog. 
  33. ^ "Tesla Motors Inc (TSLA) Model X Pre-Orders Cross 30,000 Units". businessfinancenews.com. The table formed by TMC reveals that the electric vehicle (EV) company has received 30,027 Model X reservations worldwide. -- The sedan was able to receive only 12,000 pre-orders ahead of its launch. 
  34. ^ "Signature #1 delivered today". Tesla Motors Club. 2015-12-18. Retrieved 2015-12-19. 
  35. ^ "Tesla Signature series Model X to begin delivery September 29". Reuters. CNBC. 2015-09-03. Retrieved 2015-09-04. 
  36. ^ "Tesla's long-delayed Model X SUV hits the road as sales of luxury SUVs are booming". Retrieved 2015-09-30. 
  37. ^ "Erstes Tesla Model X in Deutschland gesichtet" [First Tesla Model X sighted in Germany]. teslamag.de (in German). 2016-01-31. Retrieved 2016-04-10. 
  38. ^ "Tesla: Fahrzeugzulassungen in Deutschland für Januar 2016" [Tesla: Vehicle registrations in Germany for January 2016]. teslamag.de (in German). 2016-02-05. Retrieved 2016-04-10. 
  39. ^ Blanco, Sebastion (2016-05-05). "With Model 3, Tesla will approach manufacturing in a new way". Autoblog. Retrieved 2016-07-25. 
  40. ^ "Tesla Q2 2016 Vehicle Production and Deliveries" (Press release). Palo Alto: Tesla Motors. 2016-07-03. Retrieved 2016-07-03. 
  41. ^ "Tesla Recalls Model X Third-Row Seats After Failed Strength Testing". teslarati.com. Retrieved 2016-05-09. 
  42. ^ Tesla Model X owners finding car doors won’t shut, windows won’t close TechCrunch, Retrieved April 20, 2016
  43. ^ Tesla Settles Lawsuit Over Model X Design Flaws - Fortune

External links[edit]