Tesla Supercharger

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tesla Supercharger station (V3) with ten charging posts

Tesla Supercharger is a high-voltage direct current (DC) fast-charging network built by American vehicle manufacturer Tesla, Inc. for electric cars.

The Supercharger network was introduced on September 24, 2012, as the Tesla Model S entered production, with six sites in California, Nevada and Arizona. As of September 2023, Tesla operates a network of 5,500 Supercharger stations with 50,000 connectors. The stations are primarily deployed in three regions: Asia Pacific (over 2,000), North America (over 2,000) and Europe (over 1,000). Superchargers supply electrical power at 72 kilowatts (kW), 100 kW, 150 kW or 250 kW, with the maximum amount increasing over the years as the company improves its technology.

Usage is typically billed by the energy consumed during charging. In jurisdictions that prohibit billing by consumption, customers are instead billed by time spent charging. As a promotion, Tesla has offered to customers free supercharging for the life of the car or charging credits. Idle fees may be charged to customers who remain plugged in after charging has been completed to discourage loitering.


Version Image Max power Features / Notes
V1 100 kW Power output reduced when another vehicle is plugged into the neighboring, paired charger.
V2 120 kW - 150 kW Power output reduced when another vehicle is plugged into the neighboring, paired charger.
Tesla has upgraded some V2 Superchargers to 150 kW with software updates from their initial 120 kW maximum.
Urban 72 kW Smaller form-factor, lower power device offered for urban installations.
V3 250 kW Equipped with thinner, lighter cable that uses liquid cooling.
V4 615 kW*[1]
(Limited to 250 kW at current installs using V3 charging cabinets.)
As of November 2023 Tesla has opened stations using V4 dispensers connected to V3 charging cabinets. V4 dispensers are equipped with a longer cable and credit card reader for charging non-Tesla vehicles.

When connected to V3 charging cabinets these can deliver up to 250 kW. V4 charging cabinets are expected to support higher power and higher voltage (up to 1000V), but details are unknown.

*Theoretical based on V4 dispenser hardware specifications listed on intalled units

Supercharger station in Lebec, California with solar canopy from Tesla Energy.

Tesla typically places Superchargers near major highways at locations with amenities for drivers such as restrooms, restaurants and shopping.[2] Many stations also have solar canopies installed by Tesla Energy to offset energy use and provide drivers with protection from the elements.[3]

When connected to a Supercharger, the alternating current (AC) to DC charger onboard the car is bypassed, and instead a much larger external charger is used, delivering high-power DC voltage directly into the vehicle.[4]

When a vehicle is plugged in, a pin in the vehicle locks the connector in place and a controller in the vehicle begins communicating with a controller in the charge post through one of the wires in the cable, called the control pilot. A series of tests take place as power begins flowing to the vehicle. If the tests pass, the vehicle's onboard controller requests that the charge post controller increase the flow of electricity to match the optimal level needed for charging the battery at its present state of charge, and charging begins. During the entire process, the two controllers remain in communication to adjust the flow of electricity to remain at the optimal level. When a button on the connector is held down, or a command is given by another method, the flow of electricity stops, and the lock is disengaged to allow removal.[5]

Tesla uses a "plug and charge" system where the vehicle is identified when plugged in and the cost of charging is deducted from the payment method associated with the vehicle.

When both pairs of this V1 Tesla Supercharger station stalls (A and B) are occupied, they share the available power of up to 150 kW combined.

The original V1 and V2 Tesla supercharging stations were built with a single charger equipment cabinet shared between two charge posts. Because of this arrangement, if two cars are connected, and both request the maximum power available (100 kW for V1 and 150 kW for V2), the charger will only deliver half the maximum power.[6]

As an alternative to the Supercharger, in 2015, Tesla briefly implemented a battery swapping station at Harris Ranch in California. The Tesla battery station performed few swaps, with most Tesla owners preferring to recharge their vehicles' batteries instead.[7]

"Urban" Supercharger posts were introduced in September 2017. These more compact posts have a maximum power delivery of 72 kW but do not share equipment with other posts, allowing the maximum power to be delivered. These more compact posts are primarily deployed in urban areas such as shopping mall parking lots and garages.[8][9]

V3 stations were introduced in 2019 and were capable of delivering up to 250 kW. For V3 stations, four posts share a 1,000 kW charger equipment cabinet, allowing each to deliver the maximum power regardless of nearby charging sessions.[10] The V3 charge posts use a liquid-cooled cable which allows the cable to be thinner and lighter while delivering more power.[11][12]

Tesla introduced mobile Supercharger stations in 2019 with several urban supercharger posts and a Tesla Megapack energy storage system mounted on a semi-trailer truck. These stations provide temporary stations for nearby events, expand capacity during peak travel seasons, or can be deployed when a station needs to be taken offline. The Megapack has the capacity to charge up to 100 vehicles before being depleted.[13][14]

V4 stations began to roll out in early 2023 and have longer cables for charging vehicles from other automakers.[15] They are also capable of supporting up to 615 kW of power delivery; however, they are currently software limited to 250 kW.[15] The charging posts have a credit card reader allowing non-Tesla owners to charge without downloading the Tesla app.[16] The lack of a credit card reader in earlier Supercharger versions has prevented Tesla from receiving some government subsidies for fast-charger installation.[17]

Connectors and interoperability[edit]

Distribution of the plug standards used by Tesla superchargers worldwide.

Tesla's first Superchargers opened in 2012 in the United States, where the company used its own proprietary charging connector, later renamed the North American Charging Standard (NACS). Unique among other charging standards, the same pin layout is used for AC charging and DC fast charging, resulting in a smaller connector, compared to the competing CCS (combined charging standard) connector used in North America.

Tesla indicated on multiple occasions that they were interested in having other auto manufacturers use their proprietary connector, but none did until the company published its NACS specifications in November 2022 and began the process of standardizing its connector with SAE.[18][19] Since then, nearly every other vehicle manufacturer has announced that starting from 2025, their electric vehicles sold in North America will be equipped with the NACS charge port, enabling Supercharger use.[20]

Tesla began installing a "Magic Dock" at some locations in February 2023.[21] The dock holds a NACS to CCS adapter. When a NACS-equipped vehicle driver uses the charger, they remove the NACS connector from the docked adapter. When a CCS-equipped vehicle driver reserves a charger via the Tesla mobile app, the Magic Dock releases the NACS to CCS adapter. The "magic" is that the adapter always remains captive – either locked in the dock on the charger (when the NACS connector is available to be used) or locked onto the NACS connector (when the CCS adapter is available to be used).[22][23] The "Magic Dock" will allow Tesla to share in the $7.5 billion U.S. federal government incentives to build out CCS-equipped charging infrastructure.[24]

European V2 charger upgraded with dual cables, IEC 62196 Type 2 connector and (plugged in) CCS2

In Europe, Tesla initially equipped its vehicles with the standardized IEC 62196 Type 2 connector and, like they had done in North America, Tesla enabled DC fast charging at Superchargers by reusing two of the pins for DC power.[25] However, in November 2018, under pressure from European regulators, Tesla announced that it would begin using the CCS2 charging standard, adding the inlets to new vehicles, offering adapters to existing vehicle owners and adding CCS2 connectors to Superchargers.[26][27][28]

In China, Tesla equips its vehicles and Superchargers with the GB/T charging standard (an abbreviation of "GuoBiao/TuiJian", translated as "recommended national standard").[29][30]


Tesla Supercharger stations allow electric vehicles to be fast-charged and are often located near restaurants with restrooms and other commerce areas.

The average number of Tesla cars per Supercharger stall was 34 in 2016.[31][32] As of September 2023, Tesla bids building its chargers at about half the cost of its competitors.[33] Cost estimates per station range from US$100,000 in 2013[34] to US$270,000 in 2015, depending on the number of stalls and other circumstances.[35] Tesla estimates that station equipment lasts 12 years.[36]

Most car charging occurs at home or work, a situation that Tesla has compared to cell phone charging.[37] As of 2014, less than 10% of charging came from Superchargers.[38] In the month of July 2019, Tesla delivered 72 GWh through Superchargers.[39]

Most Supercharger stations are owned by Tesla, but some are owned by fleet operators to charge their Tesla cars, such as taxis. [40] In December 2017, Tesla changed its terms of service so that any vehicles being used as taxis or for commercial, ride-share, or government purposes were effectively banned from using Superchargers. This ban only applies to vehicles bought after December 15, 2017. Other charging options would be provided for these vehicles.[41][42]

For 2021, Tesla states the network had 99.96% uptime (at least 50% daily capacity) and its power was 100% renewable (through solar power on-site and through purchasing electricity which was matched to renewable generation.)[43][44][45]


Unlimited supercharging for life is free for all Model S and Model X cars that were ordered before January 15, 2017,[46] or between August 2, 2019[47] and May 26, 2020,[48] or for vehicles that were purchased using a referral code during certain periods.[49]

Model S and Model X cars that were ordered between January 15, 2017, and November 2, 2018, received 400 kWh (about 1,000 miles or 1,600 km) of free Supercharging credits per year.[50] Once those credits are used, supercharging has a fee.[51]

Between May 2017 and September 18, 2018, Tesla allowed existing owners to give free unlimited supercharging for life to up to five friends if the friend purchased a new Tesla and used their referral code. Tesla also offered all existing Tesla owners who purchased a new Model S, Model X or Performance Model 3 for themselves with free unlimited supercharging for life on those cars.[52][53]

From time to time, Tesla has offered 1,000 or 2,000 miles of free supercharging as an incentive to purchase a new Tesla car.[54][55]

Other than the above situations, Tesla Model S and Model X cars purchased between November 2, 2018, and August 2, 2019, and all Model 3 and Model Y cars purchased at any time do not receive any supercharging credits.[47][56] Any charges are automatically billed to the Tesla account the car is associated with or to the credit card on file for that account.

Some jurisdictions require charging operators to bill users by time, not by kWh delivered, and Tesla uses 60 kW sections to bill for different power levels.[57][failed verification]

Idle fees[edit]

Since December 16, 2016, any car that remains connected to a Supercharger for more than 5 minutes after hitting the car's set charge limit may incur additional 'idle' fees. In the United States, there is no additional fee if the Supercharger station is less than half full, a fee of $0.50 per minute if the station is at least 50% full, and a fee of $1.00 per minute when the station is 100% full.[58] Any incurred fees must be paid by the time of the next service visit.[59]


Global Supercharger station count (end of year)

As of September 2023, Tesla operates a network of 5,500 Supercharger stations with 50,000 connectors, a 33% year-over-year growth.[60] The network is primarily deployed in three regions: Asia Pacific, Europe and North America. There are 1,900 stations in the United States, 1,800 in China and 1,000 across Europe.[61]

Tesla Global Supercharger Count
Quarter Stations Annual
Connectors Annual
Q4 2012 7 [62]
Q1 2013 7 [62]
Q2 2013 9 [63]
Q3 2013 30 [64]
Q4 2013 63 800% [65]
Q1 2014 101 1,343% [66]
Q2 2014 156 1,633% [67]
Q3 2014 235 683% [68]
Q4 2014 380 503% [69]
Q1 2015 425 321% [70]
Q2 2015 480 208% [71]
Q3 2015 536 128% [72]
Q4 2015 584 54% [73]
Q1 2016 613 44% [74]
Q2 2016 661 38% [75]
Q3 2016 715 33% [76]
Q4 2016 790 35% [77]
Q1 2017 828 35% [78]
Q2 2017 884 34% [79]
Q3 2017 1,000 40% 7,000 [80]
Q4 2017 1,128 43% [81]
Q1 2018 1,205 46% 9,300 [82]
Q2 2018 1,308 48% 10,800 [83]
Q3 2018 1,352 35% 11,128 59% [84]
Q4 2018 1,421 26% 12,002 [84]
Q1 2019 1,490 24% 12,767 37% [85]
Q2 2019 1,587 21% 13,881 29% [85]
Q3 2019 1,653 22% 14,658 32% [85]
Q4 2019 1,821 28% 16,104 34% [86]
Q1 2020 1,917 29% 17,007 33% [87]
Q2 2020 2,035 28% 18,100 30% [87]
Q3 2020 2,181 32% 19,437 33% [87]
Q4 2020 2,564 41% 23,277 45% [87]
Q1 2021 2,699 41% 24,515 44% [88]
Q2 2021 2,966 46% 26,900 49% [89]
Q3 2021 3,254 49% 29,281 51% [90]
Q4 2021 3,476 36% 31,498 35% [91]
Q1 2022 3,724 38% 33,657 37% [92]
Q2 2022 3,971 34% 36,165 34% [92]
Q3 2022 4,283 32% 38,883 33% [92]
Q4 2022 4,678 35% 42,419 35% [92]
Q1 2023 4,947 33% 45,169 34% [93]
Q2 2023 5,265 33% 48,082 33% [60]

North America[edit]

Tesla Model S charging at a Supercharger V1 stall in Newark, Delaware.
50,000th Supercharger stall in Roseville, California, with commemorative plaque and in Ultra Red color.

The first Superchargers in the world opened in 2012 in the United States. Six stations were deployed along Interstate 5 in California enabling trips from Los Angeles and San Francisco and two stations deployed along Interstate 95 enabling trips between Boston and Washington DC.[94][95] By mid-July 2013, 15 stations were open across the United States.[96] The stations were developed and mass constructed in cooperation with Black & Veatch.[97]

Supercharging stations were available in Canada along Ontario Highway 401 and Quebec Autoroute 20 corridor between Toronto and Montreal by 2014.[98]

The initial network was built in high-traffic corridors across North America, followed by networks in Europe and Asia in the second half of 2013. The first Supercharger corridor in the US opened with free access in October 2012. This corridor included six stations placed along routes connecting San Francisco, Lake Tahoe, Los Angeles, and Las Vegas.[99][100] A second corridor was opened in December 2012 along the Northeast megalopolis, connecting Washington, DC, Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York City and Boston. This corridor includes three stations in highway rest areas, one in Delaware and two adjacent ones in Connecticut.[101] At some stations, the electricity is paid by local business to attract customers.[102]

According to Musk, "...we expect all of the United States to be covered by the end of next year [2013]". He also said that early Tesla owners' use of the network would be free forever.[103]

Most of the southern Trans-Canada Highway was covered at the end of 2019.[104]

Tesla has signed an agreement to build BP Pulse-branded Supercharger stations. The US$100 million deal will add chargers starting in 2024 to sites across BP's brands including TravelCenters of America, Thorntons, ampm and Amoco, as well as at the company's large-scale Gigahub charging sites and at third-party locations, such as Hertz rental lots. The first installation sites have been identified in Houston, Phoenix, Los Angeles, Chicago and Washington D.C. Tesla indicated that selling fast-charging hardware to others was a business that the company was looking to expand.[105]


Tesla Supercharger station at a Bundesautobahn 9 rest stop near Münchberg, Germany.

In early 2015, the first European Supercharger was upgraded with a 'solar canopy' (a carport with solar cells on the roof) in Køge, Denmark.[106] According to the person responsible for Tesla's Superchargers in the Nordic countries, Christian Marcus, the 12-stall Supercharger in Køge has 300 m2 (3,230 sq ft) solar cells with a projected annual production of about 40 MWh and is equipped with its own battery bank for temporary storage of excess production. Unlike most other European Supercharger stations, Tesla has bought the land on which the Køge Supercharger stands.[107] On April 26, 2016, Kostomłoty became the first charger to open in Poland.[108] Tesla opened a grid-connected 2-stall Supercharger at Nürburgring in 2019.[109][110] There are a few privately operated Supercharger stations such as the one opened on April 27, 2016, in Zarechye, Russia, with 3 stalls.[111]

In 2015 the European Supercharger network was planned to allow a Model S to drive from the North Cape (near Honningsvåg) in Norway to Istanbul or Lisbon.[107] As of August 2023, there are Supercharger stations in or near both Istanbul[112] and Lisbon.[113] The map of current and planned sites[114] includes every European Union country except Malta and Cyprus, and represents all of the countries in the world in the top 10 of electric vehicle adoption rates.[115]

Tesla started testing the charging of non-Tesla cars in Netherlands in 2021, and in Norway in early 2022 on 15 large uncongested stations. Tesla opened up many uncongested and new stations for non-Tesla cars in several countries during 2022, including France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom. The governments in Europe give large financial support for building new stations but require those to allow cars regardless of brand.


Superchargers operate in China, where Shanghai has 1,000 chargers at 100 locations in late 2021, Beijing has 800, and Tibet is accessible.[116]

Australia,[117] Japan, Macau, New Zealand, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan and Thailand also have Superchargers.[4]

Largest Supercharger stations[edit]

These are the top 10 largest Supercharger stations (by number of stalls) in the world:

Stalls Location Opened Notes Ref.
Total V3 V2 Country City Site
84 84 0 US Quartzsite, AZ Main Event Lane Sep 2023 Near a 36-stall station; 120 stalls at the combined locations. [118][119]
80 80 0 US Coalinga, CA Harris Ranch Dec 2022 Near a 18-stall station; 98 stalls at the combined locations. [120][121]
76 76 0 US Tejon Ranch, CA The Outlets at Tejon Sep 2021 Near a 24-stall station; 100 stalls at the combined locations. [122][123]
72 0 72 China Shanghai Jing'an International Center Dec 2020 Covered station, located over 2 floors. [124][125]
62 62 0 US Santa Monica, CA Santa Monica Feb 2022 Expanded Jul 2022. [126]
56 56 0 US Firebaugh, CA Firebaugh Nov 2020 [127]
55 55 0 US Kettleman City, CA Bravo Farms Nov 2021 Near a 40-stall station; 95 stalls at the combined locations. [128]
51 51 0 US Sutherlin, OR Sutherlin Feb 2023 [129]
50 0 50 China Shanghai Lilacs Oct 2017 [130]
50 0 50 China Beijing Hairun Jan 2018 [131]


In November 2017, Tesla announced a higher-capacity Megacharger as part of the unveiling of a prototype for its Tesla Semi, a semi-trailer truck. These Megachargers provide 400 miles (644 km) of charge in 30 minutes to the Tesla Semis.[132][133][134] Analysts estimated it would likely have a charge output level of over one megawatt.[133]

In November 2021, the first Megacharger was installed at the Gigafactory Nevada where the Tesla Semi is built.[135] A second Megacharger was permitted for construction at a PepsiCo facility in Modesto, California, in late 2021.[136]

The megawatt-class cable for the Megacharger supports three times the current density of the V3 Supercharger —35 amperes/mm2 versus approximately 12 for the V3. The cable will also be liquid-cooled to support 1000-amp charge rates at 1000 volts.[137][138]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kothari, Suvrat (2023-11-20). "Tesla V4 Supercharger Adds 40% Battery Range In 10 Minutes". InsideEVs. Retrieved 2023-11-22.
  2. ^ Reynolds, Kim (2012-09-25). "Tesla Supercharger: An In0Depth Look". Motor Trend. Retrieved 2022-08-22.
  3. ^ "Tesla Motors Launches Revolutionary Supercharger Enabling Convenient Long Distance Driving". ir.tesla.com. 2012-09-24. Archived from the original on 2020-11-02. Retrieved 2021-02-05.[self-published source]
  4. ^ a b "Superchargers". Tesla. 2019-01-28. Retrieved 2018-05-12.
  5. ^ "North American Charging Standard Technical Specification" (PDF). Tesla, Inc. 2022-11-03. Retrieved 2023-06-21.
  6. ^ Gold, Aaron (2016-05-26). "As Tesla Sales Grow, Can Superchargers Keep Up?". Consumer Reports. Retrieved 2017-03-06. each Supercharger port supplies two outlets, and when both outlets are in use the charging slows down.
  7. ^ Ziegler, Chris (2015-06-09). "Tesla sounds ready to pull the plug on promised battery-swap technology". The Verge. Retrieved 2023-08-02.
  8. ^ Cole, Jay (2017-09-11). "Tesla Urban Supercharger – Compact 72 kW Stations Designed For City Centers". Inside EVs. Retrieved 2019-07-28.
  9. ^ O'Kane, Sean (2017-09-11). "Tesla reveals smaller Supercharger stations made for cities". The Verge. Retrieved 2022-08-22.
  10. ^ Heisler, Yoni (2019-07-20). "Tesla's next-gen Supercharger can add 75 miles of range in just 5 minutes". BGR.
  11. ^ O'Kane, Sean (2019-03-06). "Tesla launches faster third generation Supercharger". The Verge. Retrieved 2022-08-22.
  12. ^ Lane, Catherine (2023-01-12). "Tesla Superchargers: super fast and super convenient". SolarReviews. Retrieved 2023-07-07.
  13. ^ Lambert, Fred (2019-11-29). "Tesla deploys new mobile Supercharger powered by Megapack instead of diesel generators". Electrek. Retrieved 2019-12-03.
  14. ^ "Tesla Rolls Out (Literally) 100-Car Portable Superchargers For Holiday Carmageddon". CleanTechnica. 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2019-12-03.
  15. ^ a b Ricker, Thomas (2023-04-19). "Tesla's newest Supercharger easily accommodates any brand of EV in Europe". The Verge. Retrieved 2023-08-12.
  16. ^ Lambert, Fred (2023-08-25). "Watch Tesla's first Supercharger V4 with tap and go payment at work". Electrek. Retrieved 2023-08-25.
  17. ^ Lambert, Fred (2023-07-14). "Tesla unveils V4 Supercharger with credit card reader, subsidy measure?". Electrek. Retrieved 2023-08-12.
  18. ^ Lambert, Fred (2017-06-19). "Tesla is 'actively talking to other automakers' about opening up its Supercharger network, says CTO JB Straubel". Electrek. Retrieved 2017-10-13.
  19. ^ Lambert, Fred (2022-12-01). "Standards war? Things heat up between Tesla and CharIN". Electrek.
  20. ^ Lambert, Fred (2023-10-19). "Toyota signs deal with Tesla for NACS and Supercharger access". Electrek. Retrieved 2023-10-19.
  21. ^ John, Darryn (2023-02-24). "Tesla installs more Magic Docks, this time in California". Drive Tesla. Retrieved 2023-03-01.
  22. ^ "First Tesla Supercharging Station With "Magic Dock" Spotted In New York". InsideEVs. Retrieved 2023-03-01.
  23. ^ Lambert, Fred (2023-03-01). "Tesla officially opens Superchargers to non-Tesla EV owners in the US and explains how it works". Electrek. Retrieved 2023-03-01.
  24. ^ Jin, Hyunjoo; Renshaw, Jarrett (2023-02-15). "Tesla to open U.S. charging network to rivals in $7.5 bln federal program". Reuters. Retrieved 2023-02-21.
  25. ^ "REVIEW: Type 2 Charging Cable with Built-in Chargeport Opener". TESLARATI. 2015-06-05. Retrieved 2017-03-21.
  26. ^ "Model 3 – Combined Charging System 2 (Combo 2)". tesla.com. 2018-11-14. Retrieved 2018-11-22.
  27. ^ "Charging infrastructure". DIN e. V. Retrieved 2017-03-21.
  28. ^ Kane, Mark (2021-05-17). "Analysis: Tesla Model 3 Charges Faster At CCS2 Than Supercharger". InsideEVs. Archived from the original on 2021-05-18. in the 20% to 80% SOC window, the CCS2 appears to be roughly 5-10% quicker
  29. ^ "GB Standards in China: What Exporters Must Know". Export2Asia. 2020-11-20. Retrieved 2023-08-15.
  30. ^ Liu, Gene (2017-10-16). "Tesla updates Model S/X charge port to support China's charging standard". TESLARATI. Retrieved 2023-06-15.
  31. ^ Lambert, Fred (2016-08-17). "Tesla now has 34 vehicles in its fleet for each Supercharger – A look at the network's growth ahead of the Model 3". Electrek. Retrieved 2016-08-17.
  32. ^ "Tesla Supercharger Stats". Tesla Motors Club. 2016-08-16. Retrieved 2016-11-15.
  33. ^ Hiller, Jennifer (2023-09-02). "Tesla Leads Race to Draw Federal Money for Charging Networks". WSJ. Retrieved 2023-09-11.
  34. ^ Etherington, Darrell (2013-07-26). "Inside Tesla's Supercharger Partner Program: The Costs And Commitments Of Electrifying Road Transport". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved 2017-03-06. The cost for Tesla is between $100,000 and $175,000 depending on the station
  35. ^ Keeney, Tasha (2016-07-11). "Supercharger: It Could Cost Half the Price of Gas". ARK Investment Management. Retrieved 2017-03-06. E-mail correspondence with Jeff Evanson from Tesla in May of 2015
  36. ^ "Letter to the SEC, File No. 001-34756". Tesla. 2014-02-26. Retrieved 2017-03-06.
  37. ^ "Home charging installation". Tesla. 2014-11-18. Archived from the original on 2017-01-14. Retrieved 2017-03-06.
  38. ^ Kane, Mark (2014-08-12). "Share of Supercharged Miles For Tesla Model S Increased From 5% to 8%". Retrieved 2017-03-06.
  39. ^ Lambert, Fred (2019-08-25). "Tesla's Supercharger network delivers incredible 72 GWh of electricity in a month". Electrek. Retrieved 2019-09-21.
  40. ^ Lambert, Fred (2016-10-03). "Tesla to deliver its largest privately-owned Supercharger station to a taxi fleet in Montreal". Electrek. US. Retrieved 2016-10-18.
  41. ^ Heisler, Yoni (2017-12-17). "Teslas used for commercial purposes like Uber are no longer welcome at Supercharger stations". BGR. Retrieved 2017-12-19.
  42. ^ Matousek, Mark (2017-12-18). "Tesla is banning commercial drivers from its Supercharger stations". Business Insider. Retrieved 2017-12-19.
  43. ^ Ramos, Alex (2022-10-06). "Which EV Charging Network Uses the Most Renewable Energy?". MUO. Retrieved 2022-11-01.
  44. ^ Lemonde, Anthony (2022-05-10). "The Tesla Supercharging Network is Becoming More Reliable". Motor Illustrated. Retrieved 2022-11-01.
  45. ^ Axelrod, Travis (2022-05-26). "Impact Report 2021" (PDF). Tesla. p. 69. Retrieved 2022-11-01.
  46. ^ Lambert, Fred (2017-01-01). "Tesla is extending unlimited Supercharging for cars ordered in the next 2 weeks". Electrek. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
  47. ^ a b Capparella, Joey (2019-08-05). "Tesla Brings Back Free Supercharging in Attempt to Boost Model S and Model X Sales". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2020-03-30.
  48. ^ Lambert, Fred (2020-05-27). "Tesla removes free Supercharging on Model S and Model X". Electrek. Retrieved 2020-06-11.
  49. ^ Liptak, Andrew (2017-05-21). "New Tesla owners can now get free charging with a referral code". The Verge. Retrieved 2017-06-02.
  50. ^ "Supercharging". www.tesla.com. 2015-01-06. Retrieved 2017-09-14.
  51. ^ "An Update to Our Supercharging Program". Tesla Motors. 2016-11-07. Retrieved 2016-11-07.
  52. ^ Tesla resurrects free unlimited Supercharging on Model S and Model X Retrieved May 24, 2017.
  53. ^ Lambert, Fred (2018-09-21). "Tesla brings back free Supercharging to inventory cars and Model 3 to help sell cars in end of quarter rush". Electrek. Retrieved 2019-01-28.
  54. ^ "Referral Program". www.tesla.com. 2018-01-30. Retrieved 2020-03-30.
  55. ^ Dow, Jameson (2019-09-10). "Tesla doubles free supercharger miles from referral program through October 1st". Electrek. Retrieved 2020-03-30.
  56. ^ Lambert, Fred (2018-11-12). "Tesla ends free Supercharger credit program for Model S and Model X". Electrek. Retrieved 2020-03-31.
  57. ^ Lane, Catherine (2021-12-03). "Tesla charging stations: What to know on the go". Solar Reviews. Archived from the original on 2021-11-21.
  58. ^ "Supercharger Idle Fee". www.tesla.com. 2016-12-16. Retrieved 2022-03-24.
  59. ^ "Improving Supercharger Availability". www.tesla.com. 2016-12-17. Retrieved 2016-12-28.
  60. ^ a b "Tesla 2023 Q2 Update" (PDF). 2023-07-19. Retrieved 2023-08-14.
  61. ^ "Supercharger deployment charts". Supercharge.info. Retrieved 2023-08-14.
  62. ^ a b "Supercharge.info Open Superchargers as of Dec 21, 2012". Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  63. ^ "Supercharge.info Open Superchargers as of Jun 26, 2012". Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  64. ^ "Tesla Inc. 10-Q For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2013". Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  65. ^ "Supercharge.info Open Superchargers as of Dec 31, 2013". Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  66. ^ "Tesla Inc. 10-Q For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2014". Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  67. ^ "Tesla Inc. 10-Q For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2014". Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  68. ^ "Tesla Inc. 10-Q For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2014". Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  69. ^ "Tesla Inc. 10-K For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014". Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  70. ^ "Tesla Inc. 10-Q For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2015". Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  71. ^ "Tesla Inc. 10-Q For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2015". Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  72. ^ "Tesla Inc. 10-Q For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2015". Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  73. ^ "Tesla Inc. 10-K For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015". Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  74. ^ "Tesla Inc. 10-Q For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2016". Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  75. ^ "Tesla Inc. 10-Q For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2016". Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  76. ^ "Tesla Inc. 10-Q For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2016". Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  77. ^ "Tesla Inc. 10-K For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016". Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  78. ^ "Tesla inc. 10-Q For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2017". Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  79. ^ "Tesla inc. 10-Q For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2017". Retrieved 2021-01-30.
  80. ^ "Tesla Third Quarter 2017 Update" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-01-30.
  81. ^ "Tesla Fourth Quarter & Full Year 2017 Update" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-01-30.
  82. ^ "Tesla First Quarter 2018 Update" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-01-30.
  83. ^ "Tesla Second Quarter 2018 Update" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-01-30.
  84. ^ a b "Tesla Fourth Quarter & Full Year 2018 Update" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-01-30.
  85. ^ a b c "Tesla Q3 2019 Update" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-01-30.
  86. ^ "Tesla Q4 and FY2019 Update" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-01-30.
  87. ^ a b c d "Tesla Q4 and FY2020 Update" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-01-30.
  88. ^ "Tesla Q1 and FY2021 Update" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-04-26.
  89. ^ "Tesla Q2 2021 Update" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-07-27.
  90. ^ "Tesla Q3 2021 Update" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-10-20.
  91. ^ "Tesla Q4 and FY2021 Update" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-01-27.
  92. ^ a b c d "Tesla Q4 and FY2022 Update" (PDF). Retrieved 2023-03-03.
  93. ^ "Tesla 2023 Q1 Update" (PDF). Retrieved 2023-04-29.
  94. ^ Witt, Daniel (October 2015). "Tesla Motors Presentation to the California Transportation Commission – Supercharger Expansion" (PDF). Tesla. p. 13. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-08-22.
  95. ^ "Tesla Superstation locations". Tesla Motors. Archived from the original on 2012-11-24. Retrieved 2013-06-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  96. ^ "Tesla Superstation locations". Tesla Motors. Archived from the original on 2013-07-08. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  97. ^ "Tesla Supercharger – Electric Vehicle Charging System". Black & Veatch. 2016-11-18. Archived from the original on 2016-12-25. Retrieved 2017-03-06.
  98. ^ Sorensen, Chris (2013-07-24). "A morning with Tesla's Model S". Maclean's. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
  99. ^ Tesla Press Release (2012-09-25). "Tesla launches first six Supercharger locations; 100 kW charging, with 120 kW in future". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2012-12-23.
  100. ^ Cobb, Jeff (2012-10-12). "First Tesla Superchargers Open October 19". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2012-12-23.
  101. ^ Motavalli, Jim (2012-12-21). "Tesla Begins East Coast Fast-Charging Corridor". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-12-23.
  102. ^ Lambert, Fred (2016-11-16). "Tesla is increasingly able to make businesses pay for the electricity delivered by its Superchargers". Electrek. Retrieved 2016-11-16.
  103. ^ Motavalli, Jim (2012-11-13). "At Tesla's Party, Superchargers and Delivery Dates". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2013-04-02. Retrieved 2012-12-23.
  104. ^ Dow, Jameson (2019-12-21). "Tesla Trans-Canada Supercharger route goes live all at once – mostly V3 250kW". Electrek.
  105. ^ Lambert, Fred (2023-10-26). "Tesla is selling $100 million worth of Superchargers to BP in first of its kind deal". Electrek. Retrieved 2023-10-27.
  106. ^ Rasmussen, Martin (2015-02-04). "Køge styrkes som trafikknudepunkt" [Køge strengthened as traffic hub]. www.lokalavisen.dk (in Danish). Archived from the original on 2021-03-03.
  107. ^ a b Godske, Bjørn (2014-10-12). "Tesla gør Køge til knudepunkt for hurtigopladning" [Tesla makes Køge center for supercharging] (in Danish). Ingeniøren. Archived from the original on 2016-02-01. Retrieved 2015-02-05.
  108. ^ "supercharge.info". Retrieved 2016-04-28.
  109. ^ Bruce, Chris (2019-09-18). "Tesla Installs Supercharger At 'Ring To 'Refuel' Test Cars [UPDATE]". Motor1.com.
  110. ^ Lambert, Fred (2019-09-18). "Tesla installs a Supercharger station at Nürburgring". Electrek.
  111. ^ "supercharge.info". Retrieved 2016-04-28.
  112. ^ "Istanbul Asia, Turkiye". tesla.com. Retrieved 2023-08-15.
  113. ^ "Alcacer do Sal, Portugal". tesla.com. Retrieved 2023-08-15.
  114. ^ "Supercharger Map". PlugShare. Retrieved 2020-09-02.
  115. ^ "Find Us". Tesla Motors. Archived from the original on 2016-07-30. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  116. ^ Hampel, Carrie (2021-09-30). "Tesla now has 1000 Supercharger stations in Shanghai". electrive.com. Archived from the original on 2021-10-01.
  117. ^ "First look at world's largest Tesla Supercharger station in Shanghai, China". Johnny B Tech. 2017-10-23. Archived from the original on 2017-11-07. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
  118. ^ "Quartzsite, AZ - Main Event Lane". Tesla, Inc. Retrieved 2023-09-05.
  119. ^ "Quartzsite, AZ". Tesla, Inc. Retrieved 2023-09-05.
  120. ^ "Coalinga, CA". Tesla, Inc. Retrieved 2023-08-11.
  121. ^ "Harris Ranch". Tesla, Inc. Retrieved 2023-09-05.
  122. ^ "Tejon Ranch, CA – Outlets at Tejon Pkwy". Tesla, Inc. Retrieved 2023-08-11.
  123. ^ "Tejon Ranch, CA". Tesla, Inc. Retrieved 2023-09-05.
  124. ^ "静安国际中心一期超级充电站(新国标) | 特斯拉中国 - Tesla" [Jing'an International Center Phase I Supercharger Station (New National Standard)]. Tesla, Inc. Retrieved 2023-08-11.
  125. ^ Dent, Steve (2020-12-31). "Tesla launches the world's largest Supercharger station in Shanghai". Engadget. Retrieved 2023-08-11.
  126. ^ "Santa Monica, CA". Tesla, Inc. Retrieved 2023-08-11.
  127. ^ "Firebaugh, CA". Tesla, Inc. Retrieved 2023-08-11.
  128. ^ "Kettleman City, CA – Bernard Drive | Tesla". Tesla, Inc. Retrieved 2023-08-11.
  129. ^ "Sutherlin, OR". Tesla, Inc. Retrieved 2023-08-11.
  130. ^ "上海市丁香国际商业中心超级充电站(新国标) | 特斯拉中国 - Tesla" [Shanghai Lilac International Business Center Supercharger Station (New National Standard)]. Tesla, Inc. Retrieved 2023-08-11.
  131. ^ "北京市海润大厦超级充电站(新国标) | 特斯拉中国 - Tesla" [Beijing Hairun Building Supercharger Station (New National Standard)]. Tesla, Inc. Retrieved 2023-08-11.
  132. ^ Brett Williams (2017-11-17). "Tesla's new 'Megachargers' will give its Semis power for 400 miles in 30 minutes". Mashable.
  133. ^ a b "Close-up look at the Tesla Semi "Megacharger" charging port". Teslarati. 2017-11-12. Retrieved 2018-01-14.
  134. ^ "Up Close Look At Tesla Semi Megacharger Port". InsideEVs. 2017-11-20. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
  135. ^ "Check Out Tesla Semi Spotted at First Megacharger (Giga Nevada)". InsideEVs. 2021-11-16. Retrieved 2022-12-06.
  136. ^ Boris, Teejay (2021-11-23). "PepsiCo's Tesla Semi Megacharger Installation Gets a GO Signal". Tech Times. Retrieved 2022-12-06.
  137. ^ Lambert, Fred (2022-12-01). "Tesla confirms Cybertruck is going to get 1 MW ultra-fast charging tech". Electrek. Retrieved 2022-12-06.
  138. ^ Subramanian, Pras (2022-12-02). "Tesla Semi unveiled with tri-motor setup, megawatt charging tech". YahooNews. Retrieved 2022-12-06.

External links[edit]

Media related to Tesla Supercharger at Wikimedia Commons