Test for Echo
|Test for Echo|
|Studio album by|
|Released||September 10, 1996|
|Singles from Test for Echo|
Test for Echo is the sixteenth studio album by the Canadian rock band Rush, released on 10 September 1996 on Anthem Records. It is the final Rush work before the tragic events in Neil Peart's life that put the band on hiatus until the recording of Vapor Trails in January 2001. It is also the final Rush album co-produced by Peter Collins.
The title track reached No. 1 on the mainstream rock chart. The song "Driven" became a bass showcase for Geddy Lee during live performances, while "Resist" was rearranged as an acoustic song on the Vapor Trails and R30 tours. The band did not perform any tracks from the album on subsequent tours. Test for Echo was remastered and reissued twice: in 2004 as a continuation of "The Rush Remasters" set and in 2013 as a part of the box set The Studio Albums 1989–2007. In 2015 it was reissued after being remastered by Sean Magee at Abbey Road Studios following a direct approach by Rush to remaster their entire back catalogue.
Background and pre-production
In May 1994, Rush finished their Counterparts Tour of the US and Canada in support of their fifteenth album Counterparts (1993). The group then took a usual break in activity, but this went on to last eighteen months as the bass guitarist and vocalist Geddy Lee wanted to be at home for the first year of his daughter's life. With their free time, the guitarist Alex Lifeson recorded his first solo album Victor and the drummer and lyricist Neil Peart released a Buddy Rich tribute album Burning for Buddy and spent time on his technique, receiving formal tuition from the jazz drummer Freddie Gruber. For the majority of the album, Peart plays with a traditional grip.
In October 1995, the band decided to start work on the next Rush album and, as with their previous three albums, retreated to Chalet Studios in Claremont, Ontario, to write and rehearse. Having been together for over 20 years at this point, Lifeson questioned if Test for Echo was to be Rush's last album and whether they were to tour it at all. He changed his mind when it was finished as the group were already in talks about the next album and said, "We've got a lot of stuff in us yet". The first sessions were difficult for him, having had full control of Victor and the "same old" discussions with Lee as to what direction the new Rush album would be prior to writing. "Once I exorcised those ghosts, the following week we wrote five songs. We dove into it, and it was very, very positive from then on". The band put up inspirational slogans on the studio wall, including "Individually we are a ass, together we are a genius" and "If you want something done right, just forget it". Lee and Lifeson completed almost six songs before they presented any of their work to Peart as they did not want to interrupt the flow of their productive writing. They had reserved the studio for around ten weeks, but the productive sessions resulted in the writing finishing three weeks early. Lifeson said the group were in particularly good spirits throughout the album's production and put it down to the break they had taken.
Rush adopted their usual method of Lee and Lifeson working on the music with Peart working alone on the lyrics, but the music was written in a different way than before. In the past, the writing had Lee and Lifeson form songs by matching pieces of music to verses and choruses as they went and all three would listen to what was put down and exchange ideas to develop them further. This time, lyrics were matched with suitable sections of music, after which they were recorded and Lee and Lifeson would work on something else. As Peart wrote: "They didn't want to get bogged down in the 'jigsaw puzzle' of assembling whole songs, but rather keep the momentum going with a flow of fresh ideas." After a collection of songs were worked out, the group started to refine their individual parts. In November 1995, the group were faced with heavy snow at Chalet Studios which led into the North American blizzard of 1996 in early January. The snow continued through the recording of the album, which inspired the album's artwork.
Almost all of the tracks were written, arranged, and put onto a demo tape by December 1995, and the band were then joined by Peter Collins who they chose to resume his role as their co-producer. Collins was their co-producer on Power Windows (1985), Hold Your Fire (1987), and Counterparts and offered what Peart described as "small-but-critical improvements" to what they had already recorded. The album continued to display the group's change in sound, which had started on Presto (1989), towards guitar-oriented music and the reduction of keyboards.
The album was recorded from January to March 1996 at Bearsville Studios in Bearsville, New York. The studio was chosen because the band wanted to capture "more size" from Peart's drums and the facility was more suited to his kit. Additional recording took place at Reaction Studios in Toronto, where it snowed for forty consecutive days. Test for Echo was the first time Rush worked with American engineers and mixers, having only worked with English or Australian personnel before. They chose the recording engineer Clif Norrell, a longtime fan of the band who once performed Rush cover songs in his own group.
It was mixed in April 1996 by Andy Wallace at McClear Place in Toronto. The group made a conscious decision not to enter the studio until Wallace had prepared a mix for them to comment on. Lifeson said, "We'd hear completely different takes on these songs that we'd lived with for six or seven months. [...] There were things that we really wouldn't have thought of, and that was really the whole point of him being there". Upon release, Lifeson rated Test for Echo as one of Rush's best albums.
"Test for Echo" features lyrical contributions from Pye Dubois who had also written lyrics for three Rush songs prior. Lee said the words reflect the group's current situation at the time. Lifeson plays a Les Paul Custom guitar and described the song as "pure Rush".
"Driven" was written entirely on Lee's bass guitar and features three separate bass tracks. Lifeson said that Peart played "a little bit back on the beat" which gave the song a "heavier character" and caused Lee and himself to adjust their parts to fit his drums.
"Half the World" features Lifeson playing a 10-string mandola which he had played to get a feel for the instrument, but found it changed the song's personality completely. He presented it to Lee who expressed initial doubts as it displayed an unusual texture, but grew to like it.
"Time and Motion" originated from a set of lyrics that Peart had written, after which Lee and Lifeson worked on music for it which developed quickly. They wanted to dramatise the first lyrical phrase by incorporating major chords, but Lee said a first version of the track was put together some years prior, but never used.
Lee described "Dog Years" as "a bit punky".
Lifeson picked "Resist" as one of his favourite tracks, and among the best Rush had ever recorded.
The cover displays an inuksuk, native to Canada. Created by the Inuit, an inuksuk is a stone figure in the shape of a human used to mark a food cache, hunting ground or a place where someone lost their life.
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
|1.||"Test for Echo"||5:56|
|3.||"Half the World"||3:43|
|4.||"The Color of Right"||4:48|
|5.||"Time and Motion"||5:01|
|11.||"Carve Away the Stone"||4:06|
Credits taken from the album's liner notes.
- Geddy Lee – bass guitar, vocals, synthesizers
- Alex Lifeson – electric and acoustic guitars, mandola
- Neil Peart – drums, cymbals, hammer dulcimer
- Rush – production, arrangement
- Peter Collins – production, arrangement
- Clif Norrell – recording
- Andy Wallace – mixing
- Simon Pressey – project assistant engineer
- Chris Laidlaw and Paul Marconi – recording assistants at Bearsville Studios
- Tom Heron – recording assistant at Reaction Studios
- Bob Ludwig – mastering
- Hugh Syme – art direction, design, digital illustration
- Andrew MacNaughtan, Anthony Frederick, Dimo Safari, Eugene Fisher and Richard C. Negus – photography
|Canada Top Albums/CDs (RPM)||3|
|Dutch Albums (Album Top 100)||53|
|Finnish Albums (Suomen virallinen lista)||9|
|German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)||45|
|Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)||26|
|UK Albums (OCC)||25|
|US Billboard 200||5|
|Canada (Music Canada)||Gold||50,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||Gold||500,000^|
^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.
- "Abbey Road - Engineers - Sean Magee". Archived from the original on 14 December 2020. Retrieved 14 December 2020.
- Peart, Neil (1996). "Official Guidebook and User's Manual". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
- Batten, Steven (31 October 1996). "Testing for Echo: Rush Return After Two Years in Hiding". Northeast Ohio Scene. Archived from the original on 25 November 2018. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
- Mettler, Mike (November 1996). "Lifeson & Lee Test Their Metal With a Heavy Echo". Guitar. Archived from the original on 25 November 2018. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
- Verna, Paul (3 August 1996). "Rush Aims for New Generation". Billboard. Archived from the original on 23 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
- Robinson, Jill (5 September 1996). 'Test For Echo' World Premiere on WKSC-FM. Chicago, Illinois. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
- Butner, Christopher (November 1996). "Geddy Lee: The Reluctant Rockstar". Bass Frontiers. Vol. 3 no. 6. Archived from the original on 25 November 2018. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
- Marshall, Wolf (September 1996). "Alex Lifeson: The Making of a Guitar Legend". Guitar One. Vol. 5 no. 34. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
- Test for Echo (Media notes). Rush. Anthem Records. ANSD 1073. Archived from the original on 20 February 2021. Retrieved 22 November 2018.CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link)
- Weiss, Wieslaw (November 1996). "Rush - Moving Pictures: A Conversation with Geddy". Tylko Rock. Archived from the original on 25 November 2018. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
- "Interview With Geddy Lee and Alex Lifeson". Allstar Online Music Magazine. 31 October 1996. Archived from the original on 25 November 2018. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Rush: "Test for Echo" > Review at AllMusic. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- Jim Farber (4 October 1996). "Test for Echo Review". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on 3 October 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2011.
- "Test For Echo". Rolling Stone. 17 December 1996. Archived from the original on 10 June 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- "Rush: Album Guide". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 10 June 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- "Top RPM Albums: Issue 9509". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – Rush – Test for Echo" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- "Rush: Test for Echo" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- "Offiziellecharts.de – Rush – Test for Echo" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- "Swedishcharts.com – Rush – Test for Echo". Hung Medien. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- September 1996/7502/ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- "Rush Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- "Canadian album certifications – Rush – Test for Echo". Music Canada. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- "American album certifications – Rush – Test for Echo". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 25 November 2016. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH.