In antiquity, much of the Tiber River trade took place here, and the remains of broken clay vessels (amphorae) were stacked creating the artificial Testaccio hill, which today is a source of much archeological evidence as to the history of ancient everyday Roman life. The rione seal depicts one of these amphorae. In modern times, the area has been a center of activity for butchers. Testaccio was one of Rome’s traditional working class neighbourhoods, but the recent process of gentrification has changed its reputation from hard-at-work to "hipster". The neighborhood is home to several of Rome's culinary highlights. Testaccio's reputation among tourists is expanding.
- Elsa Morante (1912–1985), writer
- Luigi Di Biagio, Serie A footballer
- Claudio Ranieri, Serie A coach, born in Testaccio
- Enrico Letta, Italian politician
- Giuliano Ferrara, journalist and opinion maker
- Rachel Roddy, writer
Places of interest
- Monte Testaccio
- Protestant Cemetery
- Porta San Paolo
- Chiesa di Santa Maria Liberatrice
- Pyramid of Cestius
- Porticus Aemilia
- Fontana delle Anfore
- Ex Mattatoio
Testaccio has a public library, Enzo Tortora, and a biblioteca federata, Biblioteca della Scuola popolare di musica Testaccio.
- Firpo, Erica (March 28, 2013). "Why You Should Visit Rome's Hot Testaccio Neighborhood". Forbes Travel Guide. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Shteyngart, Gary. "Hidden Rome". Travel and Leisure. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- "Biblioteche ed i Centri specializzati." City of Rome. Retrieved on 8 September 2012.
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