In antiquity, much of the Tiber River trade took place here, and the remains of broken clay vessels (amphorae) were stacked creating the artificial Testaccio hill, which today is a source of much archeological evidence as to the history of ancient everyday Roman life. The rione seal depicts one of these amphorae. In modern times, the area has been a center of activity for butchers. Testaccio was one of Rome’s traditional working class neighbourhoods, but the recent process of gentrification has made it increasingly attractive to tourists. The neighborhood is home to several of Rome's culinary highlights. Testaccio's reputation among tourists is expanding.
- Elsa Morante (1912–1985), writer
- Luigi Di Biagio, Serie A footballer
- Claudio Ranieri, Serie A coach, born in Testaccio
- Enrico Letta, Italian politician
- Giuliano Ferrara, journalist and opinion maker
- Rachel Roddy, writer
Places of interest
- Monte Testaccio
- Protestant Cemetery
- Porta San Paolo
- Chiesa di Santa Maria Liberatrice
- Pyramid of Cestius
- Porticus Aemilia
- Fontana delle Anfore
- Ex Mattatoio
Testaccio has a public library, Enzo Tortora, and a biblioteca federata, Biblioteca della Scuola popolare di musica Testaccio.
- Firpo, Erica (March 28, 2013). "Why You Should Visit Rome's Hot Testaccio Neighborhood". Forbes Travel Guide. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Shteyngart, Gary. "Hidden Rome". Travel and Leisure. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- "Biblioteche ed i Centri specializzati." City of Rome. Retrieved on 8 September 2012.
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