Tetrairidium dodecacarbonyl

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Tetrairidium dodecacarbonyl
IUPAC names
dodecacarbonyl- 1κ3C,2κ3C,3κ3C,4κ3C-[Td-(13)-Δ4-closo]-
tetrairidium(6 IrIr)
Other names
iridium(0) carbonyl; iridium carbonyl; iridium dodecacarbonyl
ECHA InfoCard 100.038.718
Molar mass 1104.92 g/mol
Appearance Canary-yellow crystals
Melting point 195 °C (383 °F; 468 K)
Solubility Chlorocarbons, toluene, tetrahydrofuran
Related compounds
Related compounds
Tetrarhodium dodecacarbonyl
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Tetrairidium dodecacarbonyl is the chemical compound with the formula Ir4(CO)12. This tetrahedral cluster is the most common and most stable "binary" carbonyl of iridium. This air-stable species is only poorly soluble in organic solvents. It has been used to prepare bimetallic clusters and catalysts, e.g. for the water gas shift reaction, and reforming, but these studies are of purely academic interest.


Each Ir center is octahedral, being bonded to 3 other iridium atoms and three terminal CO ligands. Ir4(CO)12 has Td symmetry. The related clusters Rh4(CO)12 and Co4(CO)12 have C3v symmetry because of the presence of three bridging CO ligands in each. It is a homotetranuclear carbonyl cluster containing four Ir-Ir bonds.


It is prepared in two steps by reductive carbonylation of hydrated iridium trichloride. The first step give [Ir(CO)2Cl2].[1]

IrCl3 + 3 CO + H2O → [Ir(CO)2Cl2] + CO2 + 2 H+ + Cl
4 [Ir(CO)2Cl2] + 6 CO + 2 H2O → Ir4(CO)12 + 2 CO2 + 4 H+ + 8 Cl


  1. ^ Pergola, R. D.; Garlaschelli, L.; Matinengo, S. (1990). "Dodecacarbonyltetrairidium: Ir4(CO)12". Inorganic Syntheses. Inorganic Syntheses. New York: J. Wiley & Sons. 28: 245–247. doi:10.1002/9780470132593.ch63. ISBN 0-471-52619-3.