From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Skeletal formula
Tetraphenylcyclopentadienone xtal-2.png
Perspective view, showing the canted phenyl rings[1]
Preferred IUPAC name
Other names
Tetracyclone, TPCPD, Cyclone
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.006.847 Edit this at Wikidata
  • InChI=1S/C29H20O/c30-29-27(23-17-9-3-10-18-23)25(21-13-5-1-6-14-21)26(22-15-7-2-8-16-22)28(29)24-19-11-4-12-20-24/h1-20H checkY
  • InChI=1/C29H20O/c30-29-27(23-17-9-3-10-18-23)25(21-13-5-1-6-14-21)26(22-15-7-2-8-16-22)28(29)24-19-11-4-12-20-24/h1-20H
  • O=C2C(=C(/C(=C2/c1ccccc1)c3ccccc3)c4ccccc4)\c5ccccc5
Molar mass 384.478 g·mol−1
Melting point 219 to 220 °C (426 to 428 °F; 492 to 493 K)[2]
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
checkY verify (what is checkY☒N ?)
Infobox references

Tetraphenylcyclopentadienone is an organic compound with the formula (C6H5)4C4CO. It is a dark purple to black crystalline solid that is soluble in organic solvents. It is an easily made building block for many organic and organometallic compounds.


The C5O core of the molecule is planar and conjugated, but the bonds have a definite alternating single- and double-bond nature. The C2–C3 and C4–C5 distances are 1.35 Å, while the C1–C2, C3–C4, C5–C1 are closer to single bonds with distances near 1.50 Å.[1] The phenyl groups of tetraphenylcyclopentadienone adopt a "propeller" shape in its 3D conformation. The four phenyl rings are rotated out of the plane of the central ring because of steric repulsion with each other.[3]


Tetraphenylcyclopentadienone can be synthesized by a double aldol condensation involving benzil and dibenzyl ketone in the presence of a basic catalyst.[2][4]

Synthesis of tetraphenylcyclopentadienone.png


The central ring can act as a diene in Diels–Alder reactions with various dienophiles. For example, reaction with benzyne leads to 1,2,3,4-tetraphenylnaphthalene and reaction with diphenylacetylene leads to hexaphenylbenzene.[4] In this way, it is a precursor to graphene-like molecules,[5] such as coronene.

Hexaphenylbenzene synthesis from tetracyclone.tif

Similarly, pentaphenylpyridine derivatives may be prepared via a Diels–Alder reaction between tetraphenylcyclopentadienone and benzonitrile.

Tetraphenylcyclopentadienone can provide an effective alternative to DDQ in aromatization of parts of porphyrin structures:[6]

Aromatization with cyclone.tif

Ligand in organometallic chemistry[edit]

Tetraarylcyclopentadienones are a well studied class of ligands in organometallic chemistry. The Shvo catalyst, useful for certain hydrogenations, is derived from tetraphenylcyclopentadienone.[7]

The Shvo catalyst is a ruthenium complex of tetraphenylcyclopentadienone.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b J. C. Barnes; W. M. Horspool; F. I. Mackie (1991). "2,3,4,5-Tetraphenylcyclopenta-2,4-dien-1-one and 5,6,7,8-tetrachloro-3a,9a-dihydro-2,3,3a,9a-tetraphenylcyclopenta[2,3-b][1,4]benzodioxin-1-one–toluene (2/1): Compounds of photochemical interest". Acta Crystallogr. C. 47: 164–168. doi:10.1107/S0108270190005145.
  2. ^ a b John R. Johnson, J. R.; Grummitt, O. (1943). "Tetraphenylcyclopentadienone". Organic Syntheses. 23: 92.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link); Collective Volume, 3, p. 805
  3. ^ Sheley, C. F.; Shechter, H. (1970). "Cyclopentadienones from 1,2,4-cyclopentanetriones, 2-cyclopentene-1,4-diones, and 3-cyclopentene-1,2-diones". The Journal of Organic Chemistry. 35 (7): 2367–2374. doi:10.1021/jo00832a058.
  4. ^ a b Fieser, L. F. (1966). "Hexaphenylbenzene". Organic Syntheses. 46: 44.; Collective Volume, 5, p. 604
  5. ^ Feng, Xinliang; Pisula, Wojciech; Müllen, Klaus (31 January 2009). "Large polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: Synthesis and discotic organization". Pure and Applied Chemistry. 81 (12): 2203–2224. doi:10.1351/PAC-CON-09-07-07.
  6. ^ M.A. Filatov; A.Y. Lebedev; S.A. Vinogradov; A.V. Cheprakov (2008). "Synthesis of 5,15-Diaryltetrabenzoporphyrins". J. Org. Chem. 73 (11): 4175–4185. doi:10.1021/jo800509k. PMC 2491715. PMID 18452337.
  7. ^ Quintard, Adrien; Rodriguez, Jean (14 April 2014). "Iron Cyclopentadienone Complexes: Discovery, Properties, and Catalytic Reactivity". Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 53 (16): 4044–4055. doi:10.1002/anie.201310788. PMID 24644277.