Tetris (Game Boy video game)

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Tetris
Tetris Boxshot.jpg
North American box art
Developer(s)Nintendo R&D1
Publisher(s)Nintendo
Director(s)Satoru Okada
Producer(s)Gunpei Yokoi
Designer(s)Hirofumi Matsuoka
Programmer(s)Masao Yamamoto
Composer(s)Hirokazu Tanaka
SeriesTetris
Platform(s)Game Boy, Game Boy Color
ReleaseGame Boy
Game Boy Color
  • JP: October 21, 1998[2][4]
  • NA: November 18, 1998
  • EU: July 1, 1999
  • AU: 1999
Genre(s)Puzzle
Mode(s)Single-player, multiplayer

Tetris (Japanese: テトリス, Hepburn: Tetorisu) is a puzzle video game for the Game Boy released in 1989. It is a portable version of Alexey Pajitnov's original Tetris and it was bundled in the North American and European releases of the Game Boy itself. It is the first game to have been compatible with the Game Link Cable, a pack-in accessory that allows two Game Boy consoles to link for multiplayer purposes. A colorized remake of the game was released on the Game Boy Color titled Tetris DX (テトリス デラックス, Tetorisu Derakkusu). A Nintendo 3DS Virtual Console version of Tetris was released in December 2011, lacking multiplayer functionality.

Gameplay[edit]

Tetris gameplay
Naïve gravity in action.

The Game Boy version of Tetris plays identically to versions on other platforms. A pseudorandom sequence of tetromino shapes, composed of four square blocks each, fall down the playing field, which is 10 blocks wide by 18 blocks high. The object of the game is to manipulate the tetrominoes by moving each one sideways and rotating it by 90-degree units with the aim of creating a horizontal line of blocks without gaps. When one or more such lines are created, they disappear, and the blocks above (if any) move down by the number of lines cleared. As in most standard versions of Tetris, blocks do not automatically fall into open gaps when lines are cleared.

As the game progresses, the tetrominoes fall faster. The game ends when at least part of a tetromino extends beyond the top of the playfield when setting in place. The player can normally see which block will appear next in a window off to the side of the playing field, but this feature can be toggled during the game.[5] Points are awarded based on the current level and number of lines cleared. The level increases each time the player clears ten lines, as does the speed of falling tetrominoes.[5] The player may adjust the difficulty before beginning a game by selecting a starting level or choosing to pre-fill the play area with a given number of lines of randomly placed blocks. After completing a particular height, the player is treated to a cutscene of a rocket of various types being launched, eventually capping off with Russians dancing and the Buran shuttle being launched.

This version of Tetris includes a two-player mode, in which each player's objective is to remain in play for longer than his or her opponent. Each player plays with a separate Game Boy and Tetris Game Pak, with the two consoles connected via the Game Link Cable. When a player scores a Double, Triple, or Tetris, incomplete rows of blocks are added to the bottom of the opponent's stack, causing it to rise.

Development[edit]

Alexey Pajitnov, the designer of the original Tetris, called the Game Boy version his favorite.

Tetris was first created in 1984 by Alexey Pajitnov. In 1988, Pajitnov teamed with fellow Soviet Academy of Sciences researchers Dmitry Pavlovsky, and Vadim Gerasimov to create a new two-player version of Tetris that ran on PCs.[6] The game was soon licensed by Andromeda Software executive Robert Stein, who sublicensed the game to multiple publishers in different territories. In 1988, Henk Rogers of Bullet-Proof Software noticed the US home computer version at the Las Vegas Consumer Electronics Show in a Spectrum HoloByte booth. Finding himself hooked to the game, he pursued the rights to publish Tetris in Japan, and secured licenses from both Spectrum HoloByte, who held the North American computer license, and Atari Games, which had produced the American arcade version under a sublicense from Mirrorsoft, which had the rights for the European computer market. Knowing Nintendo was planning to release the Game Boy, approached Nintendo of America president Minoru Arakawa to suggest Tetris as the perfect bundled launch game. Arakawa questioned the idea, having planned to bundle Super Mario Land, but Rogers countered by stating that though a Mario game would sell the Game Boy to young boys, Tetris would sell it to everyone.[7] Rogers was told to pursue the rights, he approached Stein to seek rights for it to be distributed with the Game Boy.[8]

However, after several months passed, Stein had not signed to contract for the rights for the Game Boy, and Rogers learned that another person had approached Nintendo with the idea of a Game Boy Tetris. Requesting more time from Arakawa, he traveled to Moscow to speak with the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations's bureau for computer hardware and software export, called Elektronorgtechnica or ELORG, and Pajitnov. During this time, Nintendo approached Spectrum HoloByte on the prospect of a Game Boy Tetris, causing Mirrorsoft to send a representative, Kevin Maxwell, to Moscow to secure rights for the Game Boy version.[8] Meanwhile, Rogers negotiated for the rights for Tetris on the Game Boy, noting in a later interview that the government officials did not understand the concept of intellectual property, and were looking for greater payment than Rogers or Nintendo could afford.[7] However, it was revealed that the Tetris property had not actually been licensed to anyone because Stein had secured the rights from Pajitnov directly and not from the Russian authority.[9] Russia sent a fax to Maxwell in England with 48 hours to respond, but due to being in Russia at the time Maxwell did not receive the fax, and the handheld rights were given to Rogers. Rogers licensed the handheld rights to Nintendo. During this time Rogers discovered that the home console rights were actually not properly licensed, and in March 1989, Arakawa, and Nintendo vice president Howard Lincoln, working with Rogers, secured exclusive rights for console distribution of Tetris.[8] However, Tetris's production was delayed due to an ongoing legal battle with Atari Games over their home publishing subsidiary Tengen's version of Tetris for the NES and the game was released in Japan two months after the Game Boy's release there.[10] Bullet-Proof Software is mentioned as a copyright holder and the sub-licensor of the Tetris handheld rights to Nintendo on the game's startup screen.[11]

Music[edit]

The main soundtrack for Tetris was created by Nintendo's accomplished composer Hirokazu Tanaka.[12] The player can select one of three types of background music during the game or play with sound effects only. Two of the songs are arrangements of works from other composers: "Type A" is based on the Russian folk song "Korobeiniki" (also known as "Korobushka"), and "Type C" is an arranged version of "French Suite No. 3 in B minor, BWV 814: Menuet" (transposed to F# minor) by Johann Sebastian Bach.[13][14] In version 1.0, that was only released in Japan with an estimated 25,000 copies sold, the "Type A" song is "Minuet".[15] The compositions "Type A" and "Type B" can be unlocked in the Super Smash Bros. series.

The victory fanfares played after completing levels are different arrangements of "Trepak", from Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's famous ballet The Nutcracker.

Re-release[edit]

Tetris DX[edit]

Tetris DX is a Game Boy Color game that is backward compatible with the original Game Boy. It was developed by Nintendo and released in Japan on October 21, 1998, in North America on November 18, 1998, and in Europe and Australia in 1999. Tetris DX features battery-saved high scores and three player profiles. It has a new single-player mode against the CPU and also features two new modes of play. In "Ultra Mode", players must accumulate as many points as possible within a three-minute time period. In "40 Lines", players are timed on how quickly they can clear 40 lines of play. New music themes were added.

Virtual Console[edit]

The Game Boy version of Tetris was released in North America and Europe as a Nintendo 3DS Virtual Console game on December 22, 2011[16][17] and on December 28 in Japan.[18] In contrast to the original version, it is not possible to play multiplayer in the Virtual Console version.[19] The Virtual Console version of Tetris was delisted in Europe from the Nintendo eShop after December 31, 2014[20] and in North America.[21]

Reception[edit]

Tetris has been credited as the Game Boy's killer app.[22] Nintendo sold 2.5 million copies by early 1990, with Tetris becoming Nintendo's top-seller for the first few months of 1990.[23] As of June 2009, it has more than 35 million copies sold.[24] Official Nintendo Magazine ranked Tetris fifth on its list of the "100 Best Nintendo Games".[25] Game Informer's Ben Reeves called it the best Game Boy game and a "legendary puzzle game".[26]

In August 2008, Nintendo Power listed Tetris DX as the best Game Boy/Game Boy Color video game, stating that it meant more to handheld gaming than any other video game. They also described it as the best version of Tetris until Tetris DS was released.[27] Alexey Pajitnov called the Game Boy version of Tetris his favorite and very close to his original version.[7] In Japan, Famitsu gave it a score of 26 out of 40.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ White, Dave (July 1989). "Gameboy Club". Electronic Gaming Monthly (3): 68.
  2. ^ a b ゲームボーイ (in Japanese). Nintendo. Archived from the original on April 5, 2015. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  3. ^ テトリス(TETRIS) [ゲームボーイ]. Famitsu (in Japanese). Enterbrain. Archived from the original on November 22, 2015. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  4. ^ a b テトリスDX [ゲームボーイ]. Famitsu (in Japanese). Enterbrain. Archived from the original on November 22, 2015. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Tetris". NinDB. Retrieved March 14, 2008.
  6. ^ Gerasimov, Vadim. "Original Tetris: Story and Download". vadim.oversigma.com. Retrieved June 10, 2007.
  7. ^ a b c Staff (June 13, 2009). "Alexey Pajitnov Stars Interview – Video Interview: Alexey Pajitnov Pt. 1". IGN. Retrieved June 13, 2009.
  8. ^ a b c DeMaria, Rusel; Wilson, Johnny L. (2003). High Score! The Illustrated History of Electronic Video Games (2 ed.). McGraw-Hill Professional. ISBN 0-07-223172-6.
  9. ^ Evans, David Sparks; Hagiu, Andrei; Schmalensee, Richard (2006). Invisible Engines: How Software Platforms Drive Innovation and Transform Industries (Illustrated ed.). MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-05085-4.
  10. ^ Sheff, David; Eddy, Andy (1993). Game Over: How Nintendo Conquered the World. Random House, Inc. (New York). ISBN 0-679-40469-4.
  11. ^ Nintendo (June 14, 1989). Tetris. Nintendo. Scene: startup screen.
  12. ^ "Works". Sporadic Vacuum. Hirokazu Tanaka. Archived from the original on December 8, 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2010.
  13. ^ Brent DiCrescenzo (November 13–19, 2008). "Ode to joysticks". Time Out Chicago: Opera & Classical. Time Out Chicago. Retrieved December 20, 2010.
  14. ^ Chris Greening. "Hirokazu Tanaka Biography". Square Enix Music Online. Retrieved December 20, 2010.
  15. ^ "Tetris (Game Boy)". The Cutting Room Floor. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
  16. ^ Ronaghan, Neal (December 22, 2011). "Nintendo Download - December 22, 2011". Nintendo World Report. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
  17. ^ Newton, James (December 22, 2011). "Nintendo Download: 22nd December 2011 (Europe)". Nintendo Life. Gamer Network. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
  18. ^ Bivens, Danny (December 23, 2011). "Tetris and New Picross Coming to Japan eShop". Nintendo World Report. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
  19. ^ Thomas, Lucas M. (December 22, 2011). "Tetris Review". IGN. Ziff Davis. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
  20. ^ Whitehead, Thomas (November 28, 2014). "Two Tetris Downloads to be Removed from the 3DS eShop in Europe". Nintendo Life. Gamer Network. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
  21. ^ Whitehead, Thomas (January 2, 2015). "Two Tetris Titles Pulled From the 3DS eShop in North America". Nintendo Life. Gamer Network. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
  22. ^ "75 Power Players". Next Generation. Imagine Media (11): 52. November 1995.
  23. ^ "Surviving Together". Surviving Together. Committee and the Institute. 20–22: 68. 1990. 2.5 million copies later, Tetris is Nintendo's top-selling title for the first few months of 1990.
  24. ^ Saltzman, Marc (June 12, 2009). "'Tetris' by the numbers". USA Today. Retrieved June 13, 2009.
  25. ^ East, Tom (March 2, 2009). "Feature: 100 Best Nintendo Games". Official Nintendo Magazine. Archived from the original on January 7, 2011. Retrieved March 18, 2009.
  26. ^ Reeves, Ben (June 24, 2011). "The 25 Best Game Boy Games Of All Time". Game Informer. Archived from the original on February 14, 2017. Retrieved December 6, 2013.
  27. ^ "Nintendo Power – The 20th Anniversary Issue!". Nintendo Power. 231 (231). San Francisco, California: Future US. August 2008: 72. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

External links[edit]