A tetrode transistor is any transistor having four active terminals.
Early tetrode transistors
There were two types of tetrode transistor developed in the early 1950s as an improvement over the point-contact transistor and the later grown junction transistor and alloy junction transistor. Both offered much higher speed than earlier transistors.
- Point-contact transistor having two emitters. It became obsolete in the middle 1950s.
- Modified grown junction transistor or alloy junction transistor having two connections at opposite ends of the base. It achieved its high speed by reducing the input to output capacitance. It became obsolete in the early 1960s with the development of the diffusion transistor.
Modern tetrode transistors
- Dual emitter transistor, used in two input transistor-transistor logic gates.
- Dual collector transistor, used in two output integrated injection logic gates.
- Diffused planar silicon bipolar junction transistor, used in some integrated circuits. This transistor, apart from the three electrodes, emitter, base and collector, has a fourth electrode or grid made of conducting material placed near the emitter-base junction from which it is insulated by a silica layer.
- Field effect tetrodes
- Wolf, Oswald; R. T. Kramer; J. Spiech; H. Shleuder (1966). Special Purpose Transistors: A Self-Instructional Programmed Manual. Prentice Hall. pp. 98–102.
- U.S. Patent 4,143,421 - Tetrode transistor memory logic cell, March 6, 1979. Filed September 6, 1977.
- Some application aspects of the tetrode transistors PDF (point contact)
- TRANSISTOR MUSEUM Historic Transistor Photo Gallery WESTERN ELECTRIC 3N22 (grown junction)
- The Tetrode Power Transistor PDF (alloy junction)