Teucrium scorodonia, common name the woodland germander or wood sage, is a perennial herb belonging to the genus Teucrium of the Lamiaceae family. It is native to Western Europe and Tunisia, cultivated in many places as an ornamental plant in gardens, and naturalized in several regions (New Zealand, Azores, and a few locales in North America).
Teucrium scorodonia reaches on average 30–60 centimetres (12–24 in) of height. It is a hairy shrub with erect and branched stems. The leaves are petiolate, irregularly toothed, triangular-ovate to oblong shaped, lightly wrinkled. The inflorescence is composed by one-sided (all flowers "look" at the same side) pale green or yellowish flowers bearing four stamens with reddish or violet filaments. These flowers grow in the axils of the upper leaves and are hermaphrodite, tomentose and bilabiate but lack an upper lip, as all Teucrium ones. The flowering period extends from June through August. These plants are mainly pollinated by Hymenoptera species.
- Teucrium scorodonia subsp. baeticum (Boiss. & Reut.) Tutin
- Teucrium scorodonia subsp. euganeum (Vis.) Arcang
These plants prefer sandy soils in woodland and acid heaths, at an altitude of 0–1,500 metres (0–4,921 ft) above sea level.
- Pignatti S. - Flora d'Italia - Edagricole – 1982 Vol. II, pg. 443
- "Teucrium scorodonia". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
- Pink, A. - |Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation - Gardening for the Million
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