Texan brig Archer
|Career (Republic of Texas)|
|Namesake:||Branch Tanner Archer|
|Builder:||Schott and Whitney, Baltimore|
|Launched:||April 25, 1840|
|Decommissioned:||May 11, 1846|
|Renamed:||Originally called the Galveston|
|Fate:||transferred to the United States Navy and then sold|
|Class and type:||Brig|
|Tons burthen:||419 tons|
|Length:||112 ft (34 m)|
|Beam:||29 ft (8.8 m)|
|Draft:||11 ft (3.4 m)|
123 sailors & marines
|Armament:||15-18 lb. med.
1-9 lb. long
History of the Archer
Archer was built in Baltimore, Maryland at the Schott and Whitney shipyard. Originally called the Galveston, she was rechristened in honor of Branch Tanner Archer, a diplomat of the Republic of Texas. 
She was the last ship of the Texas Navy to be delivered under a contract with the shipbuilding firm Schott and Whitney. She was constructed in Baltimore and was delivered on April 25, 1840. In response to the raids of Mexican generals Rafael Vásquez and Adrián Woll, she was commissioned in 1842. In April of that year she was sent to New Orleans, Louisiana for refitting and re-arming, most of her guns having been transferred to the Austin and the Wharton. The Archer was never sent to sea on a major cruise.
When the United States formally annexed Texas on May 11, 1846, the Archer was transferred to the United States Navy, which in turn sold the ship for 450 dollars on November 30, 1846.
Commanders of the Vessel
The Archer was commanded by:
- Capt. John Clark, 1840 - 1841
- Cutrer, Thomas. "Wharton". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2007-11-24.