Texarkana, Arkansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Texarkana, Arkansas
City of Texarkana
From top, left to right: Downtown, Augustus M. Garrison House, Texarkana City Hall, Texarkana state line
Official seal of Texarkana, Arkansas
Seal
Nickname(s): 
The Arkansas Side, T-town, TXK
Motto(s): 
Twice as Nice
Location of Texarkana in Miller County, Arkansas.
Location of Texarkana in Miller County, Arkansas.
Texarkana, Arkansas is located in the United States
Texarkana, Arkansas
Texarkana, Arkansas
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°25′59″N 94°1′14″W / 33.43306°N 94.02056°W / 33.43306; -94.02056Coordinates: 33°25′59″N 94°1′14″W / 33.43306°N 94.02056°W / 33.43306; -94.02056
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyMiller
IncorporatedAugust 10, 1880
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorAllen L. Brown
 • Board of Directors
 • City ManagerKenneth Haskins
Area
 • Total42.07 sq mi (108.96 km2)
 • Land41.89 sq mi (108.50 km2)
 • Water0.18 sq mi (0.46 km2)
Elevation
361 ft (110 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total29,919
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
29,657
 • Density707.96/sq mi (273.35/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
71854
Area code(s)870
FIPS code05-68810
GNIS feature ID0078542
Websitearkansas.txkusa.org

Texarkana is a city in the U.S. state of Arkansas and the county seat of Miller County, on the southwest border of the state. The city is located across the state line from its twin city of Texarkana, Texas. The city was founded at a railroad intersection on December 8, 1873, and was incorporated in Arkansas on August 10, 1880. Texarkana (together with its Texas counterpart) is the principal city of the Texarkana metropolitan area, which is ranked 274th in terms of population in the United States with 150,098 in 2016, according to the United States Census Bureau.

Located within the Ark-La-Tex subregion of Southwest Arkansas, Texarkana is located in the Piney Woods, an oak-hickory forest that dominates the flat Gulf Coastal Plain. Texarkana's economy is based on agriculture. In addition, the city is a trading center, at crossroads of three major Interstate highways: Interstate 30 (I-30), I-49, and the future I-69. Outdoor tourism, such as fishing at Lake Millwood and related activities, are also important in the region. The Red River Army Depot & Tenants comprise the largest single employer in the city.

The Texarkana Arkansas School District is the largest public school district on the Arkansas side. The city is home to Texarkana College (on the Texas side of town), and a branch campus of the University of Arkansas Community College at Hope (UACCH).

History[edit]

Miller County was formed in 1820 in the Arkansas Territory; it was named in honor General James Miller, Arkansas' first territorial governor and a general during the War of 1812. Miller County was formed although there was considerable uncertainty as to the location of the boundary between the county (and the United States) and the Mexican boundary (Mexico then included Texas). Consequently, settlers believed that Arkansas levied and collected taxes on land that eventually might be held by Mexico. Moreover, many who resented what they considered oppression of European-American Texans by the Mexicans were openly declaring allegiance to the Texans.

After the Texas Republic gained independence, the unrest increased. In 1838, Governor James Conway proposed that the "easiest and most effective remedy is the abolition of Miller County to an area which is more patriotic." Miller County was dissolved and its land was made part of Lafayette County, Arkansas.

In 1873 town lots were sold in Texarkana, Arkansas, at the intersection of two railroads, which stimulated its growth as a trading center. In this area and time period, railroads had replaced rivers as the preferred site for new towns. The next year, Texarkana, Texas was founded on June 12, 1874 across the state border.

That same year, the Arkansas legislature re-established Miller County.[3] Efforts of the young town in Arkansas to be incorporated were not realized until October 17, 1880, nearly seven years after Texarkana, Texas was formed. Both Texarkana cities generally recognize December 8, 1873, as the date of organization.[3]

Geography[edit]

Municipal Auditorium is located in the City Hall complex in Texarkana, Arkansas.
The Texarkana Fire Department adjoins the Municipal Auditorium.
Highland Church of Christ at 1705 Highland Street in Texarkana, Arkansas

Texarkana, Arkansas, is located at 33°25′59″N 94°1′14″W / 33.43306°N 94.02056°W / 33.43306; -94.02056 (33.433075, -94.020514).[4] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 41.9 square miles (108.4 km2), of which 41.7 square miles (107.9 km2) is land and 0.19 square miles (0.5 km2) (0.43%) is water.[5]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Texarkana has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18801,390
18903,528153.8%
19004,91439.3%
19105,65515.1%
19208,25746.0%
193010,76430.4%
194011,8219.8%
195015,87534.3%
196019,78824.6%
197021,6829.6%
198021,459−1.0%
199022,6315.5%
200026,44816.9%
201029,91913.1%
2019 (est.)29,657[2]−0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[8] of 2016, there were 30,283 people, 13,565 households, and 7,040 families residing in the city. The population density was 830.5 people per square mile (320.6/km2). There were 11,721 housing units at an average density of 368.1 per square mile (142.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 65.93% White, 31.00% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.78% of the population.

There were 13,565 households, out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 18.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.9% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,343, and the median income for a family was $38,292 . Males had a median income of $35,204 versus $21,731 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,130. About 17.2% of families and 21.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.0% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or above.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Arkansas Department of Correction operates the Texarkana Regional Correction Center in Texarkana.[9]

Arkansas residents whose permanent residence is within the city limits of Texarkana, Arkansas are exempt from Arkansas individual income taxes.[10]

The Federal Courthouse (which holds the city's only post office) is located directly on the Arkansas-Texas state line. It is the only federal office building to straddle a state line.

According to the City's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[5] the top employers in the area are:

  1. Red River Army Depot & Tenants 4,135,
  2. Christus St. Michael Health Care 1,800,
  3. Cooper Tire & Rubber Company 1,750,
  4. AECOM/URS 1,300,
  5. Southern Refrigerated Transport 1,235,
  6. Wal-Mart 1,200,
  7. Texarkana TX Independent School District 1,150,
  8. Domtar, Inc. 900,
  9. Graphic Packaging 800,
  10. Wadley Regional Medical Center 755,
  11. Texarkana Arkansas School District 785,

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Education[edit]

Public education for elementary and secondary school students is provided by two school districts:

Private education opportunities include:

In 2012, Texarkana became home to a branch of the University of Arkansas Hope-Texarkana (UAHT), a community college based in Hope, Arkansas, and in 2015 UAHT began partnering with the University of Arkansas Little Rock, to offer bachelor's-degree programs through UALR Texarkana, based on the UAHT Texarkana campus.[13]

Pop culture[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Texarkana Chamber of Commerce". Texarkana.org. Archived from the original on April 5, 2015. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Texarkana city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
  6. ^ "Texarkana, Arkansas Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase.com. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. ^ "Arkansas Department of Corrections". Adc.arkansas.gov. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
  10. ^ "State of Arkansas Department of Finance and Administration Texarkana Exemption Letter" (PDF). Dfa.arkansas.gov. Retrieved March 26, 2011.
  11. ^ "History of Texarkana: Did You Know?". Texarkana Arkansas School District. Archived from the original on 22 February 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
  12. ^ "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Miller County, AR." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on October 15, 2017.
  13. ^ "University of Arkansas at Little Rock". Ualr.edu. Archived from the original on 2017-06-08. Retrieved 2017-06-05.
  14. ^ "Facebook". Facebook. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
  15. ^ Bill Dahl. "Buster Benton | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved 2017-07-09.
  16. ^ "Benjamin Marcus Bogard (1868–1951)". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
  17. ^ "Brad Cherry Register Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. 1981-02-12. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
  18. ^ "Mike Cherry, QB at". Nfl.com. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
  19. ^ "Representative Prissy Hickerson's Political Summary". votesmart.org. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  20. ^ "Biography of the Honorable Jimmy Hickey, Jr., Arkansas State Senator" (PDF). arkleg.state.ar.us. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  21. ^ Mike Huckabee, From Hope to Higher Ground, New York: Center Street Publishers, 2007, p. 5

External links[edit]