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Texas Department of Agriculture

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Texas Department of Agriculture
Agency overview
Headquarters1700 N. Congress Ave., 11th Floor Austin, Texas
Agency executive

The Texas Department of Agriculture (TDA) is a state agency within the state of Texas, which is responsible for matters pertaining to agriculture, rural community affairs, and related matters. It is currently headed by Agriculture Commissioner Sid Miller, a Republican, who was reelected to a 3rd term in 2022.[1]


TDA was established by the 13th Texas Legislature in 1907. TDA is headed by the Texas Agriculture Commissioner, one of four heads of state agencies which is elected by statewide ballot (and the only one where the provision for statewide election is mandated by legislative action, not enshrined in the Texas Constitution) for a four-year term, concurrent with the gubernatorial election (prior to 1978, the term was two years before a statewide amendment in 1974 extended it to four years). John C. White is the longest-serving Agriculture Commissioner in Texas history, with 26 years of service (1951–1977).

The main offices of the Texas Department of Agriculture are located on the 11th floor of the Stephen F. Austin State Office Building

The department is headquartered on the 11th floor of the Stephen F. Austin State Office Building at 1700 North Congress Avenue in Austin.[2][3]

The mission statement of the Texas Department of Agriculture is: "Partner with all Texans to make Texas the nation's leader in agriculture, fortify our economy, empower rural communities, promote healthy lifestyles, and cultivate winning strategies for rural, suburban and urban Texas through exceptional service and the common threads of agriculture in our daily lives."

In April 2023, the DoA implemented a policy mandating that employees dress according to their “biological gender”, with punishments for noncompliance ranging up to and including termination. This policy was widely criticized as part of the Texas state government’s wider range of policies targeting transgender people.[4][5]

Commissioners of the Texas Department of Agriculture[edit]

Milner was appointed as Commissioner prior to the first statewide election in 1908.

Image Commissioner Beginning Term Year Ending Term Year
Robert Teague Milner 1907 1908
Edward Reeves Kone 1908 1914
Fred Davis 1915 1920
George B. Terrell 1921 1930
James E. McDonald 1931 1950
John C. White 1951 1977
Reagan V. Brown 1977 1982
Jim Hightower 1983 1990
Rick Perry 1991 1998
Susan Combs 1999 2006
Todd Staples 2007 2015
Sid Miller 2015


The department is divided into the following divisions:

  • Administrative Services—Provides TDA support functions[6]
  • Communications—Provides media information, public information and TDA internal support services[7]
  • Financial Services—Provides TDA accounting, budgetary, and purchasing functions[8]
  • Food and Nutrition—Administers the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s School Lunch, School Breakfast, Summer and After School Snack Programs in Texas public schools, including technical assistance and training to school district child nutrition professionals to help them stay abreast of state and federal policies, as well as processing of reimbursements to schools participating in the Child Nutrition Programs[9]
  • Legal Affairs—Responsible for providing legal services and counsel to all TDA programs and divisions. Legal Affairs is also responsible for enforcement of the department's regulatory functions, including prosecutions and settlements, and is the liaison with the Texas Attorney General[10]
  • Office of Policy and External Relations—Provides support to the Commissioner and the agency by monitoring and analyzing federal and state legislative and regulatory activities that affect Texas Agricultural producers and consumers as well as studying issues that affect rural Texas; also responsible for the management of several TDA grants including the Texas Israel Exchange Program, the Urban School Agricultural Grant Program, the Surplus Food Grant Program, Enology/Viticulture Research Grants, the Leon River Restoration Project Grant and the Feral Hog Damage Abatement Program[11]
  • Marketing and Promotion—Works to increase the sales of both raw and processed Texas agricultural commodities by promoting Texas food, fiber, wine, livestock, horticulture and forestry products under the GO TEXAN campaign[12]
  • Pesticide Programs—TDA is designated as the state’s lead agency in the regulation of pesticide use and application. The division is responsible for licensing and training pesticide applicators, overseeing worker protection, registering pesticides for sale in the state and working to minimize unnecessary impacts to agriculture while enhancing protection of endangered and threatened species as mandated by the federal law[13]
  • Regulatory Programs—TDA has a strong consumer protection program, which includes overseeing items like grocery store scales, egg quality, nursery products and gasoline pumps. TDA regularly works with producers to ensure they receive quality seed. This division also ensures the accuracy of weights and measures and protects against the movement of harmful pests into Texas[14]
  • Rural Economic Development—Assists rural communities and businesses to create and retain jobs through business development and community assistance, and through the GO TEXAN Rural Community Program, the division promotes agricultural diversification, small town revitalization and rural tourism[15]


  1. ^ Barragán, James (2021-06-21). "Texas Ag Commissioner Sid Miller running for reelection, instead of challenging Gov. Greg Abbott". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved 2021-07-03.
  2. ^ "Contact Us." Texas Department of Agriculture. Retrieved on March 13, 2009.
  3. ^ "HR Directors Archived 2009-02-18 at the Wayback Machine." State of Texas Classification. Retrieved on March 13, 2009.
  4. ^ "Texas agriculture commissioner orders employees to wear clothes "consistent with their biological gender"". NBC.
  6. ^ "Administrative Services". texasagriculture.gov.
  7. ^ "Communications". texasagriculture.gov.
  8. ^ "Financial Services". texasagriculture.gov.
  9. ^ "Home". www.squaremeals.org.
  10. ^ "Legal Services". texasagriculture.gov.
  11. ^ "External Relations". texasagriculture.gov. Archived from the original on 2012-10-23.
  12. ^ "Home". www.gotexan.org.
  13. ^ "Pesticide". texasagriculture.gov.
  14. ^ "Regulatory Programs". texasagriculture.gov.
  15. ^ "Rural Economic Development". texasagriculture.gov.

External links[edit]