Texas House of Representatives
Texas House of Representatives
|Eighty-eighth Texas Legislature|
New session started
|January 10, 2023|
Dade Phelan (R)
since January 12, 2021
Speaker pro tempore
Charlie Geren (R)
since February 8, 2023
Craig Goldman (R)
since January 10, 2023
Trey Martinez Fischer (D)
since January 10, 2023
Length of term
|Authority||Article 3, Texas Constitution|
|Salary||$7,200/year + per diem|
|November 8, 2022|
|November 5, 2024|
|House of Representatives Chamber|
Texas State Capitol
|Texas House of Representatives|
The Texas House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral Texas Legislature. It consists of 150 members who are elected from single-member districts for two-year terms. There are no term limits. The House meets at the State Capitol in Austin.
The leadership for the 88th Legislature is as follows:
|Speaker of the House||Dade Phelan||Republican||Beaumont||21|
|Speaker Pro Tempore||Charlie Geren||Republican||Fort Worth||99|
|Republican Caucus Chair||Craig Goldman||Republican||Fort Worth||97|
|Democratic House Leader||Trey Martinez Fischer||Democratic||San Antonio||116|
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer and highest-ranking member of the House. The Speaker's duties include maintaining order within the House, recognizing members during debate, ruling on procedural matters, appointing members to the various committees and sending bills for committee review.
The Speaker pro tempore is primarily a ceremonial position, but does, by long-standing tradition, preside over the House during its consideration of local and consent bills.
Unlike other state legislatures, the House rules do not formally recognize majority or minority leaders. The unofficial leaders are the Republican Caucus Chairman and the Democratic House Leader, both of whom are elected by their respective caucuses.
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|May 9, 2023||85||64||0||149||1|
|Latest voting share||57%||43%|
List of current representatives
Notable past members
- Eligio (Kika) De La Garza, II, first Mexican-American to represent his region in the US House and the second Mexican-American from Texas to be elected to Congress (1965–1997).
- Ray Barnhart, Federal Highway Administrator (1981–1987)
- Anita Lee Blair, first blind woman elected to a state legislature
- Jack Brooks, U.S. House of Representatives (1953–1995)
- Dolph Briscoe, Governor of Texas (1973–1979)
- Frank Kell Cahoon, Midland County oilman and representative from 1965 to 1969; only Republican member in 1965 legislative session
- Joaquin Castro, U.S. Representative (2013–present)
- Tom DeLay, U.S. Representative (1985–2006) and House Majority Leader (2003–2005)
- John Nance Garner, U.S. Representative (1903–1933), Speaker of the House (1931–1933), and Vice President of the United States (1933–1941)
- O.H. "Ike" Harris, Dallas County representative from 1963 to 1965; state senator (1967–1995)
- Sarah T. Hughes, United States district court judge
- Robert Dean Hunter, former executive vice president of the Independent Colleges and Universities of Texas
- Suzanna Hupp, House of Representatives (1997–2007), survived the Luby's shooting, went on to champion individual gun ownership and carry rights.
- Kay Bailey Hutchison, U.S. Senator (1993–2013)
- Ray Hutchison, husband of Kay Bailey Hutchison
- Eddie Bernice Johnson, first Black woman ever elected to public office from Dallas, first woman in Texas history to lead a major Texas House committee (the Labor Committee), and the first registered nurse elected to Congress.
- Samuel Ealy Johnson, Jr., father of President Lyndon B. Johnson (1963–1969)
- Dan Kubiak, representative from Rockdale known for his support of public education
- Mickey Leland, U.S. House of Representatives (1979–1989), died in a plane crash.
- Charles Henry Nimitz (1826–1911) Born in Bremen. In 1852, built the Nimitz Hotel in Fredericksburg, which now houses the National Museum of the Pacific War. Grandfather of United States Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz. Elected to the Texas Legislature 1890.
- Rick Perry, longest serving Governor of Texas, (2000–2015) and former U.S. Secretary of Energy (2017–2019).
- Colonel Alfred P.C. Petsch (1925–1941) Lawyer, legislator, civic leader, and philanthropist. Veteran of both World War I and World War II.
- Sam Rayburn, U.S. Representative (1913–1961) and longest served Speaker of the House (1940–1947, 1949–1953, 1955–1961)
- Coke R. Stevenson, Governor of Texas (1941–1947)
- Sarah Weddington, attorney for "Jane Roe" for the 1973 Roe v. Wade case in the U.S. Supreme Court
- Ferdinand C. Weinert, coauthored bill to establish the Pasteur Institute of Texas, authored resolution for humane treatment of state convicts, coauthored the indeterminate sentence and parole law. Also served as Texas Secretary of State
- Charlie Wilson, U.S. House of Representatives (1973–1996), subject of the book and film Charlie Wilson's War
Speaker of the House
The Speaker of the House of Representatives has duties as a presiding officer as well as administrative duties. As a presiding officer, the Speaker must enforce, apply, and interpret the rules of the House, call House members to order, lay business in order before the House and receive propositions made by members, refer proposed legislation to a committee, preserve order and decorum, recognize people in the gallery, state and hold votes on questions, vote as a member of the House, decide on all questions to order, appoint the Speaker Pro Tempore and Temporary Chair, adjourn the House in the event of an emergency, postpone reconvening in the event of an emergency, and sign all bills, joint resolutions, and concurrent resolutions. The administrative duties of the Speaker include having control over the Hall of the House, appointing chair, vice-chair, and members to each standing committee, appointing all conference committees, and directing committees to make interim studies.
The Chief Clerk is the head of the Chief Clerk's Office which maintains a record of all authors who sign legislation, maintains and distributes membership information to current house members, and forwards copies of legislation to house committee chairs. The Chief Clerk is the primary custodian of all legal documents within House. Additional duties include keeping a record of all progress on a document, attesting all warrants, writs, and subpoenas, receiving and filing all documents received by the house, and maintaining the electronic information and calendar for documents. When there is a considerable update of the electronic source website, the Chief Clerk is also responsible for noticing House members via email.
The committee structure below is valid for the 88th Legislature (numbers in parentheses are the number of committee members; under House rules 1/2 of each committee's membership is determined by seniority and the remaining 1/2 by the Speaker of the House, excluding Procedural Committees[note 1] the membership of which are wholly chosen by the Speaker).
- Agriculture and Livestock (9)
- Appropriations[note 2] (27)
- Subcommittee on Articles I, IV & V
- Subcommittee on Article II
- Subcommittee on Article III
- Subcommittee on Articles VI, VII & VIII
- Subcommittee on Strategic Fiscal Review
- Business & Industry (9)
- Calendars (11)
- Community Safety (select)
- Corrections (9)
- County Affairs (9)
- Criminal Jurisprudence (9)
- Culture, Recreation & Tourism (9)
- Defense & Veterans' Affairs (9)
- Elections (9)
- Energy Resources (11)
- Environmental Regulation (9)
- General Investigating (5)
- Health Care Reform (select)
- Higher Education (11)
- Homeland Security & Public Safety (9)
- House Administration (11)
- Human Services (9)
- Insurance (9)
- International Relations & Economic Development (9)
- Judiciary & Civil Jurisprudence (9)
- Juvenile Justice & Family Issues (9)
- Land & Resource Management (9)
- Licensing & Administrative Procedures (11)
- Local & Consent Calendars (11)
- Natural Resources (11)
- Pensions, Investments & Financial Services (9)
- Public Education (13)
- Public Health (11)
- Redistricting (15)
- Resolutions Calendars (11)
- State Affairs (13)
- Transportation (13)
- Urban Affairs (9)
- Ways & Means (11)
- Youth Health & Safety (select)
In addition to these committees, there are also six joint committees composed of members of both the State House and Senate:
- Criminal Justice Legislative Oversight
- Legislative Audit Board
- Legislative Budget Board
- Legislative Library Board
- Sunset Advisory Commission
- Texas Legislative Council
- ^ Bryan Slaton resigned his seat on May 8, 2023, and was subsequently expelled by the House on May 9.
- ^ Elected as a Democrat but switched parties on November 15, 2021
- ^ The following committees are considered Procedural: Calendars, Local & Consent Calendars, Resolutions Calendars, General Investigating, House Administration, and Redistricting.
- ^ The biennial appropriations bill is divided into eight Articles: General Government (I), Health and Human Services (II), Agencies of Education (III), The Judiciary (IV), Public Safety and Criminal Justice (V), Natural Resources (VI), Business and Economic Development (VII), and Regulatory (VIII). See http://gov.texas.gov/budget for an example of a budget showing the Articles.
- ^ Republican Drew Springer (District 68) resigned intersession on December 19, 2020 after being elected in a special election to the Texas Senate.
- ^ Republican Bryan Slaton (District 2) was expelled from the House for inappropriate conduct with one of his interns.
- ^ Hispanic Americans in Congress, 1822–2012. U.S. Government Printing Office. 2013. p. 422. ISBN 978-0160920684.
- ^ a b "Texas House Rules" (PDF). Texas House of Representatives. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 24, 2011. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
- ^ "Service Providers". Guide to Texas Legislative Information. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
- ^ "Texas Legislature Online – House Committees".
- Official website
- District map – Texas Department of Transportation