Texas Medical Association

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Texas Medical Association
Formation 1853
Type Professional association
Headquarters Austin, Texas
Don Read, MD
Website texmed.org

The Texas Medical Association (TMA) is a professional nonprofit organization representing 50,000 physicians and medical student members. It is located in Austin, has 110 component county medical societies around the state, and is the largest state medical society in the United States.[1]


The Texas Medical Association was established by 35 physicians in 1853 to provide medical and public health education for Texas physicians and their patients as well as legislative and regulatory advocacy and health policy research.[2][3] The first president of TMA was Joseph Taylor and the current president is Don Read, MD.[4]

  • 1853 – TMA founded in Austin with 35 members.
  • 1893 – Women physicians join TMA as members.[3]
  • 1918 – Woman’s Auxiliary to TMA established. This organization was renamed the Texas Medical Association Alliance (TMAA) in 1992. TMAA is a volunteer organization made up of physicians and physicians’ spouses involved in health-related community service, legislation and political action.
  • 1922 – TMA library established.
  • 1957 – TMA Anson Jones, MD, Awards created to recognize excellence in health care/medical news reporting in Texas.
  • 1960 – TMA elects its first female president, May Owen, MD.[5]
  • 1962 – TEXPAC, the political arm of TMA, established. TEXPAC is a bi-partisan political action committee providing financial support to candidates for both state and federal offices.[6]
  • 1966 – TMA creates the Texas Medical Association Foundation, a 501(c)3 organization that funds the public health and science initiatives of TMA physicians.[7]
  • 1972Osteopathic physicians join TMA.[3]
  • 1973 – TMA incorporates medical students as members.
  • 1991 – TMA establishes TMA’s Hassle Factor Log© that allows physicians to document payment hassles from insurance companies.[8]
  • 1994 – Hard Hats for Little Heads launched to reduce bicycle-related head injuries.[9]
  • 2000 – Border Health Caucus created to raise awareness of health care disparities existing along the U.S–Mexico border and their impact on border patients and their physicians.[10]
  • 2003 – TMA helps pass Texas' 2003 Tort Reform Act, which placed a cap of $250,000 for noneconomic damages on medical liability litigation, and supports Proposition 12, a constitutional amendment ensuring the cap could not be challenged in court. This cap can reach $750,000 if the liability for up to two hospitals involved in the care of the same patient is included.[11]
  • 2004 – Be Wise—ImmunizeSM program created to increase Texas' childhood immunization rate.[12]
  • 2013 – Joined the Choosing Wisely campaign.[13]

History of Medicine Gallery[edit]

In 1991, TMA opened the History of Medicine Gallery on the ground floor of the TMA building.[14] Items from the TMA archives and Collections are displayed in changing exhibits.


The Texas Medical Association owns and publishes Texas Medicine, a monthly news magazine for TMA members that presents information on public health, medicolegal issues, medical economics, science, medical education, and legislative affairs affecting Texas physicians and their patients.[15] TMA also publishes Action, a monthly e-newsletter that reports the latest information in the medical community.[16]


  1. ^ "Who Is TMA". 
  2. ^ Red, Mrs. George Plunkett (1930). "9 First Medical Convention". The Medicine Man in Texas. Houston, Texas: Standard Printing & Lithographing Co. ISBN 978-1135397203. OCLC 152578045. 
  3. ^ a b c Seaholm, Megan & Burns, Chester. "Texas Medical Association". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2011-06-24. 
  4. ^ "Presidents of the Texas Medical Association". 
  5. ^ "Texas Woman's University Hall of Fame". Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2011-06-24. 
  6. ^ "TEXPAC Works for Medicine's Candidates: Early voting for the Nov. 6 general election ends Nov. 2". Action (E-newsletter). Texas Medical Association. 2012-11-02. Retrieved 2015-06-02. 
  7. ^ "Welcome to the TMA Foundation". Texas Medical Association. Retrieved 2015-06-02. 
  8. ^ Peters, Sally (2001-09-01). "State Medical Societies Take on Hassle Factors". Internal Medicine News. Retrieved 2011-06-24. 
  9. ^ "Hard Hats for Little Heads". 
  10. ^ "USMBHC Chronology" (PDF). Texas Medical Association. Retrieved 2011-06-24. 
  11. ^ Blumenthal, Ralph (2003-09-15). "Malpractice Suits Capped At $750,000 In Texas Vote". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-06-24. 
  12. ^ "Be Wise—Immunize". 
  13. ^ "TMA Wins Choosing Wisely Grant". 
  14. ^ "History of Medicine: A Public Space for Sharing". Texas Medical Association. Retrieved 2015-06-02. 
  15. ^ "Texas Medicine Magazine: A Publication of the Texas Medical Association". Texas Medical Association. Retrieved 2015-06-02. 
  16. ^ "Action". Texas Medical Association. Retrieved 2015-06-02. 

External links[edit]