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By the 1940s, conservative Democrats in Texas had become increasingly disenchanted with Roosevelt and his New Deal. They were also unhappy that the US Supreme Court, in Smith v. Allwright (1944), had disallowed the segregated primaries used by the Democratic Party in Texas and some other states. The Texas Regulars planned to gain control of the state nominating convention and select a slate of electors who would not vote for Roosevelt. The group's supporters included Congressman Martin Dies Jr., former Texas governor Dan Moody, and Senator W. Lee O'Daniel.
The Texas Regulars won the first convention, but lost the second convention. This led them to form their own ticket which did not field a candidate. On election day, they finished third both in Texas and in the national popular vote, with 135,439 votes (0.3% of the vote nationally, and 11.8% of the vote in Texas). They won a majority in only Washington County, Texas. Roosevelt easily carried Texas with 71.4% of the statewide vote, and won national re-election with 432 of 531 Electoral Votes.