Texas Silesian

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Texas Silesian
teksasko gwara
Native to United States
Region Panna Maria, Texas
Ethnicity Silesian Americans in Texas
Language codes
ISO 639-3 szl
Glottolog sile1253[2]
Linguasphere 53-AAA-cck, 53-AAA-dam
An example of Texas Silesian - a letter written from Texas to Poland
The county where Texas Silesian is spoken

Texas Silesian (Silesian: teksasko gwara) is a dialect of the Silesian language used by Texas Silesians in American settlements from 1852[3] to the present. It is a variant of Silesian derived from the Opole dialect. The dialect evolved after Silesian exile around the village of Panna Maria.[4] It contains a distinctive vocabulary for things which were unknown for Polish Silesians.[5]

Texas Silesian is lesser influenced by German because its speakers emigrated before the Kulturkampf, which added a lot of germanisms to the continental Silesian[6] The language is tended by its speakers, but they know it only in the spoken form.[6] Texas Silesian has not been replaced by English because the Silesian community is strongly isolated.[7] Nevertheless, Texas Silesian has adopted some words from English.

One of the characteristic features of Texas Silesian phonetics is called mazuration, in which all cz, sz, ż are pronounced [t͡s, s, z], whereas in the stereotypical Silesian of the Katowice urban area they are pronounced [t͡ʂ, ʂ, ʐ]. Texas Silesian has given the name for Cestohowa village in Texas - the name is derived from Polish Częstochowa, but, due to this phonetic process, cz became c.[5]

Typical words unlike Silesian[edit]

Texas Silesian Silesian English
turbacyjo[5] ńyprzileżytość problem
zaszanować[5] zaszporować to save money
kapudrok[5] zalůńik frock coat
furgocz[6] fliger aeroplane
szczyrkowa[5] no native word rattlesnake
po warszawsku[5] po polsku in Polish
prastarzik[5] starzik, uopa great-grandfather
ćeżko[5] fest very
kole tego[8] uo tym about that
pokłoud[6] gipsdeka ceiling
bejbik[9] bajtel baby
kara[9] autok car
wjater[9] luft air
korn kukurzica corn
farmjyrz gospodorz farmer
plumzy, piczesy fyrcichy peaches
garce buncloki pots

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ethnologue report for language code: szl". Ethnologue. Languages of the World. 
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Texas Silesian". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hlp04
  4. ^ "Telewizja TVS". Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i "RADIO COURIER". Archived from the original on 3 November 2007. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d http://opole.kik.opoka.org.pl/maj04/art/san%20antonio.htm
  7. ^ http://www.niedziela.pl/artykul_w_niedzieli.php?doc=ed200813&nr=2
  8. ^ "ŚLŮNSKO EKA - Ze gyšychty našyj godki". Archived from the original on 6 March 2008. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c "Inne". katowice. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 

External links[edit]