Texas State Highway 124

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State Highway 124 marker

State Highway 124
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length: 40.200 mi[1] (64.696 km)
Existed: 1929 – present
Major junctions
South end: SH 87 in High Island
  SH 65 in Stowell
SH 73 in Winnie
North end: US 69 / US 96 / US 287 in Beaumont
Location
Counties: Galveston, Chambers, Jefferson
Highway system
SH 123 SH 125

State Highway 124 or SH 124 is a state highway in the U.S. state of Texas maintained by the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT). The highway begins along the Gulf Coast near the northeast end of the Bolivar Peninsula at SH 87 and extends to the northeast ending at US 69 and US 96. In between, the highway has major intersections with SH 65 and SH 73. The highway is located in Galveston, Chambers, and Jefferson counties and also serves the communities of Hamshire, Fannett, and Cheek. A portion of SH 124 is part of a longer coastal hurricane evacuation route.

The route number was originally assigned over a portion of the current SH 16 between Fredericksburg and Comanche in Central Texas during the late 1920s. By the early 1930s, the route number was assigned along the current route south of Stowell to High Island and along the current SH 87 to Port Bolivar and eventually Galveston. By the end of the decade, the highway received its current High Island to Beaumont configuration.

Route description[edit]

SH 124 begins at SH 87 in High Island along the Gulf Coast near the northeastern end of the Bolivar Peninsula in Galveston County.[2] SH 87 from this point toward Sabine Pass has been closed since 1990 due to coastal erosion.[3] The highway proceeds to the north climbing up a salt dome[4] where the central portion of High Island is located. Leaving town, the highway travels back downhill entering marshland where the highway enters Chambers County upon bridging the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway.[5]

The highway leaves the marshland and continues north with FM 1985 branching to the west and then FM 1941. Further north, the highway passes through Stowell where SH 65 branches off to the west.[5] In Stowell and Winnie, the route is known as Gulfway Drive south of SH 73.[6] The highway intersects FM 1406 in Winnie and then turns east along SH 73 meeting the terminus of FM 1406 on the town's eastern edge at the boundary with Jefferson County.[7]

The highway shortly branches off of SH 73 to the northeast passing through Hamshire, intersecting FM 365 at Fannett, and then passing through Cheek.[8] The highway continues to the northeast on a course closely parallel Interstate 10 into Beaumont. FM 364 branches off to the north as the highway enters Beaumont where it as known as Fannett Road.[6] The highway then terminates at US 69 / US 96 / US 287 in southern Beaumont.[9]

The portion of SH 124 from its south end at SH 87 to FM 1406 in Winnie is part of a longer hurricane evacuation route extending northward to US 90.[10]

History[edit]

SH 124 was originally designated along a route from Fredericksburg to Comanche passing through Llano, San Saba, and Goldthwaite between 1926[11] and 1928.[12] In 1929, that previous route was reassigned SH 81 and is now part of SH 16, while SH 124 was designated over a new route from Port Bolivar along the current SH 87 to High Island, and then over the current SH 124 to Stowell. The route terminated in Stowell at SH 125 which then was made up of the present SH 65 between Stowell and Anahuac and the current SH 124 to Beaumont.[13] The state highway department assumed control of the ferry service between Port Bolivar and Galveston in 1930 and resumed operations in 1934[14] after making extensive renovations[15] extending SH 124 to US 75 and SH 6 in Galveston.[13]

By 1937, the portion of SH 124 from Galveston to High Island was renamed as an extension of SH 87[16]. On September 26, 1939, SH 125 between Anahuac and Stowell was renamed as part of SH 73[17] and SH 124 was extended over the remainder of SH 125 including a concurrent portion of SH 73 between Stowell and Winnie to Beaumont[1] terminating at US 90.[18] SH 124 was shortened within Beaumont on August 25, 1953 to its present terminus at the US 69 and US 96 bypass.[1] On November 30, 1961, SH 73 was designated as terminating at I-10 in Winnie,[17] and SH 65 was designated over the former portion of SH 73 between Anahuac and Stowell.[19]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location mi[6] km Destinations Notes
Galveston High Island 0 0.0 SH 87 – Port Bolivar, Sabine Pass Southern terminus; SH 87 to Sabine Pass is currently closed
Chambers 9.2 14.8 FM 1985 (Whites Ranch Rd.) – Double Bayou
11.9 19.2 FM 1941
Stowell 17.4 28.0 SH 65 (Ave. G) – Anahuac
Winnie 19.3 31.1 FM 1406 (Broadway Ave.) – Nome
19.7 31.7 SH 73 west / FM 1663 – Baytown, Hankamer Begin overlay of SH 73
21.3 34.3 FM 1406 (County Line Rd.)
Jefferson 21.5 34.6 SH 73 east – Port Arthur End overlay of SH 73
Fannett 31.0 49.9 FM 365 – Nome, Port Arthur
Beaumont 37.6 60.5 FM 364 (S. Major Dr.)
41.9 67.4 US 69 / US 96 / US 287 – Buna, Port Arthur, Kountze Northern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 124". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 2, 2011. 
  2. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2012). Texas County Map Book (PDF) (Map) (2012 ed.). 1:120,000. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 600. OCLC 867856197. Retrieved February 2, 2011. [dead link]
  3. ^ "Texas 87, High Island to Sabine Pass". TexasFreeway.com. Retrieved 2011-02-02. 
  4. ^ Daniels, A. Pat. "High Island, TX". The Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2011-02-02. 
  5. ^ a b Anahuac, Texas (PDF) (Map) (1983 ed.). 1:100,000. 30x60 minute series (topographic). United States Geological Survey. Retrieved February 2, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c Google (February 2, 2011). "Route of SH 124" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 2, 2011. 
  7. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2012). Texas County Map Book (PDF) (Map) (2012 ed.). 1:120,000. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 599. OCLC 867856197. Retrieved February 2, 2011. [dead link]
  8. ^ Beaumont, Texas (PDF) (Map) (1986 ed.). 1:100,000. 30x60 minute series (topographic). United States Geological Survey. Retrieved February 2, 2011. 
  9. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2012). Texas County Map Book (PDF) (Map) (2012 ed.). 1:120,000. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 613. OCLC 867856197. Retrieved February 2, 2011. [dead link]
  10. ^ Hurricane Evacuation Routes (Beaumont, including Port Arthur) (PDF) (Map) (June 1, 2010 ed.). Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 2, 2011. 
  11. ^ Official Highway Map of Texas (Map) (1926 ed.). 1"=30 mi. Texas State Highway Commission. Retrieved February 2, 2011. 
  12. ^ Official Highway Map of Texas (Map) (1928 ed.). 1 ⅛"=20 mi. Texas State Highway Commission. Revised to January 3, 1929. Retrieved February 2, 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  13. ^ a b Official Map of the Highway System of Texas (Map) (June 15, 1933 ed.). ⅞"=30 mi. Cartography by R. M. Stene. Texas State Highway Commission. § O27. Retrieved February 2, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Galveston Island Ferry". Galveston Island. Galveston.com & Company, Inc. Retrieved 2011-02-02.  External link in |work= (help)
  15. ^ Meyers, Rhiannon. "Ferry connects two old communities". The Galveston County Daily News. Retrieved 2011-02-02. 
  16. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 87". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 2, 2011. 
  17. ^ a b Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 73". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 2, 2011. 
  18. ^ General Highway Map, Jefferson County, Texas (Map) (1936 ed.). 1"=2 mi. Texas State Highway Department. Partially revised to February 1, 1940. Retrieved February 2, 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  19. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 65". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 2, 2011.