Texas State Highway 16

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State Highway 16 marker

State Highway 16
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length: 541.8 mi[1] (871.9 km)
Existed: by 1926 – present
Major junctions
South end: Future plate blue.svgNo image wide.svg
I-2 / US 83 in Zapata
 

Future plate blue.svgNo image wide.svg
I-69W / US 59 in Freer
I-410 in San Antonio
I-35 in San Antonio
US 90 in San Antonio
I-10 in Kerrville
US 87 / US 290 in Fredericksburg
US 190 in San Saba
US 84 / US 183 in Goldthwaite
US 67 / US 377 in Comanche
I-20 near Strawn
US 180 from Metcalf Gap to Brad

US 380 in Graham
North end: US 281 south of Wichita Falls
Highway system
PR 15 Spur 16
SH 345 SH 346 SH 347

State Highway 16, or SH 16, is a south–north state highway that runs from Zapata on the Texas-Mexico boundary to U.S. Highway 281 24 miles (38.6 km) south of Wichita Falls. It is the longest state highway in Texas at almost 542 miles, but is only the 9th longest highway overall in the state. Before the 1939 renumbering, SH 4 was the longest state highway. [2]

Route description[edit]

SH 16 begins at an intersection at US 83 in Zapata. The route continues through south Texas ranchlands, then to the north through San Antonio's far south side. The routes enters San Antonio from the southeast, and goes around the west side of the city concurrent with Interstate 410. The route veers to the northwest as it passes through Bandera, Kerrville, and Fredericksburg, and then reaches the Texas Hill Country. After passing through the cities of Comanche and Llano, it continues north through ranchland and farms. Its next intersection is with I-20 south of the town of Strawn. It continues to the northwest, wrapping around the northern and eastern sides of Possum Kingdom Lake. It reaches an intersection with US 380 in the town of Graham. In North Texas, the highway finally reaches its final terminus between Antelope and Windthorst, almost 542 miles from its starting point.

Previous routes[edit]

Historic SH 16

SH 16 was one of the original twenty five state highways proposed on June 21, 1917, overlaid on top of the Fort Worth-Oklahoma Highway.[3] From 1917 the routing mostly followed present day Interstate 35W from Fort Worth to Denton. It continued on, routed along present day Interstate 35 from Fort Worth through to Oklahoma. A spur, SH 16A, went from Denton to Dallas. On March 18, 1919, the route and SH 16A were cancelled, as it became part of SH 40.[4] It was then reassigned to the future route of U.S. Highway 181 (which was routed over it in 1926) from San Antonio to Corpus Christi on August 21, 1923. SH 16 then went west on SH 44 to Robstown, south on U.S. Highway 77, and west on SH 285. This route replaced portions of SH 9 and SH 12.[5] SH 16 was extended by 1932 to a new section between Santa Anna and Brady over previous SH 107 and was rerouted over SH 51 from Sagerton to the Oklahoma State line. By 1938, the southern section of SH 16 extended northwest and northeast to Fredericksburg, replacing part of SH 81. On September 26, 1939, the section from Brady to Santa Anna was promptly reassigned to U.S. Highway 183. The section of from San Antonio to Corpus Christi, which was cosigned with US 181, was cancelled. The section from Sagerton to the Oklahoma State line was renumbered as SH 283. SH 16 was insted rerouted north to south of Graham, replacing SH 81 and part of SH 120. On August 31, 1965, the road was significantly extended via its current routing to Zapata, replacing State Highway 346 from San Antonio to Jourdanton, and also replaced portions of SH 173 and FM 496. On November 16, 1965, it was rerouted over Interstate 410 in San Antonio.[6] Most of this was SH 241 before 1939. Om January 31, 1969, SH 16 extended north to US 281, replacing portions of SH 254 and FM 61.

Major intersections[edit]

County Location mi km Destinations Notes
Zapata Zapata 0.0 0.0 US 83 / FM 496 west – Rio Grande City, Laredo
Jim Hogg 26.0 41.8 FM 649 north – Mirando City South end of FM 649 overlap
Randado 28.5 45.9 FM 649 south – Rio Grande City North end of FM 649 overlap
South Fork Estates 49.0 78.9 FM 3073 west
Hebbronville 51.1 82.2 SH 285 east – Falfurrias
51.5 82.9 SH 359 east (Galbraith Street) – San Diego South end of SH 359 overlap
51.9 83.5 SH 359 west (Viggie Street) – Laredo North end of SH 359 overlap
Duval 70.3 113.1 FM 2295 east / FM 310 – Benavides
88.3 142.1 SH 339 south – Benavides
Freer 92.0 148.1 US 59 / SH 44 – Laredo, San Diego, George West Future I-69W
101.4 163.2 FM 2359 east to US 59
McMullen 109.8 176.7 FM 624 – Cotulla, Orange Grove
117.2 188.6 FM 1962 east
Tilden 133.0 214.0 SH 72 east – Three Rivers, Choke Canyon State Park South end of SH 72 overlap
133.7 215.2 SH 72 west – Fowlerton North end of SH 72 overlap
135.8 218.5 FM 3445 east – James E. Daughtrey Wildlife Management Area
144.3 232.2 FM 791 east – Campbellton
Atascosa 153.7 247.4 FM 3387 east
155.8 250.7 FM 140 – Charlotte, Christine
Jourdanton 163.9 263.8 FM 1332 west
164.8 265.2 SH 97 – Charlotte, Pleasanton
166.2 267.5 Loop 162 west to SH 97
166.4 267.8 SH 173 north – Devine
168.1 270.5 FM 3350 east – Pleasanton, Pleasanton Municipal Airport
Poteet 172.8 278.1 Loop 282 north – Poteet
174.3 280.5 Loop 282 south / FM 476 east – Poteet South end of FM 476 overlap
174.4 280.7 FM 476 west – Rossville North end of FM 476 overlap
Bexar San Antonio 187.3 301.4 Loop 1604 (Anderson Loop) – Somerset, Elmendorf interchange
190.1 305.9 Watson Road / Lone Star Pass - Toyota Plant former Spur 66 east
193.7 311.7 I-410 east / SH 130 north / Spur 422 north (Palo Alto Road) – Palo Alto College South end of I-410 / SH 130 overlap; SH 16 south follows exit 49
see I-410
209.7 337.5 I-410 east / Spur 421 south (Bandera Road) / Evers Road – San Antonio Interchange; north end of I-410 overlap; SH 16 north follows exit 13
Leon Valley 210.7 339.1 Wurzbach Road
211.8 340.9 Spur 471 west (Grissom Road) former FM 471 south
San Antonio 212.8 342.5 Eckhert Road former FM 1517 east
216.8 348.9 Loop 1604 (Anderson Loop) to I-10 / FM 471 – University of Texas at San Antonio interchange
Helotes 217.8 350.5 FM 1560 north (Hausman Road) South end of FM 1560 overlap
218.3 351.3 FM 1560 south North end of FM 1560 overlap
226.9 365.2 SH 211 south to FM 471
Medina 228.9 368.4 PR 37 west – Medina Lake
Bandera 236.5 380.6 SH 46 east – Boerne
Pipe Creek 239.4 385.3 FM 1283 south to PR 37 – Medina Lake
Bandera 248.4 399.8 SH 173 south – Hondo, Hill Country State Natural Area South end of SH 173 overlap
248.9 400.6 SH 173 north – truck route to Kerrville North end of SH 173 overlap
251.2 404.3 FM 470 west – Tarpley, Utopia
259.5 417.6 RM 2828 east to SH 173 – Kerrville
Medina 262.1 421.8 RM 337 west – Vander Pool
265.5 427.3 FM 2107 west
Kerr 277.5 446.6 FM 1273 west (Upper Turtle Creek Road)
278.7 448.5 FM 2771 east (Lower Turtle Creek Road / truck route) to SH 173
Kerrville 284.6 458.0 SH 173 south to Loop 534 – truck route to Bandera, Kerrville-Schreiner Regional Park
285.4 459.3 Loop 98 west (Thompson Drive South)
285.7 459.8 SH 27 (Main Street) – Ingram, Schreiner University, Center Point
286.5 461.1 FM 1341 east (Golf Avenue)
287.7 463.0 Loop 534 (Veterans Highway) to SH 173 – Kerrville-Schreiner Regional Park, Airport
288.1 463.7 I-10 – Junction, San Antonio I-10 exit 508
Gillespie Fredericksburg 307.9 495.5 FM 2093 west
310.1 499.1 US 87 north / US 290 west (Main Street) – Mason, Junction South end of US 87 / US 290 overlap
310.2 499.2 US 87 south / US 290 east (Main Street) – San Antonio, Austin North end of US 87 / US 290 overlap
Eckert 323.3 520.3 RM 1323 east – Willow City
Llano 333.2 536.2 RM 965 south – Enchanted Rock State Natural Area
Llano 346.9 558.3 RM 2323 south – Prairie Mountain
347.0 558.4 SH 71 east – Austin South end of SH 71 overlap
347.9 559.9 RM 152 west (Main Street) – Castell
348.5 560.9 SH 29 / SH 71 west (Young Street) – Mason, Brady, Burnet North end of SH 71 overlap
San Saba Cherokee RM 501 east – Bend South end of RM 501 overlap
RM 501 west – Pontotoc North end of RM 501 overlap
San Saba US 190 – Brady, Lampasas
FM 1480 east – Pecan Grove
FM 500 west – Regency Bridge
Mills FM 3023
Goldthwaite US 183 south – Lampasas, Austin south end of US 183 overlap
Loop 15 east to US 84 east / FM 572 – Waco
FM 574 west
US 84 east – Evant, Gatesville, Waco south end of US 84 overlap
Durenville US 84 west / US 183 north – Brownwood north end of US 84 / US 183 overlap
FM 218 west – Zephyr south end of FM 218 overlap
Priddy FM 218 east – Pottsville, Hamilton north end of FM 218 overlap
Comanche FM 1476 north – Newburg
FM 3200 south
Comanche FM 590 south – Zephyr
US 67 / US 377 / SH 36
FM 2247 north (West Wrights Avenue)
FM 3381 east
FM 2861 east
Downing FM 2318 east south end of FM 2318 overlap
FM 2318 west north end of FM 2318 overlap
De Leon FM 587 west (West Sipe Springs Road)
SH 6 east (East Navarro Street) – Dublin south end of SH 6 overlap
SH 6 west – Gorman north end of SH 6 overlap
FM 2921 west
FM 2156 east – Victor
Eastland Desdemona FM 8 – Gorman, Eastland, Stephenville
I-20 – Abilene, Fort Worth I-20 exit 361
Palo Pinto Strawn FM 2372 west / Davidson Cemetery Road
SH 108 south – Mingus
FM 207 west – Necessity
Metcalf Gap US 180 east – Palo Pinto, Mineral Wells south end of US 180 overlap
Brad US 180 west – Breckenridge, Possum Kingdom State Park north end of US 180 overlap
FM 2353 north
PR 36 west – Possum Kingdom Lake
SH 254 east – Graford
FM 2353 south – Possum Kingdom Lake
Loop 533 north
SH 337 south – Graford, Mineral Wells
Loop 533 south
Young FM 1191 north
Graham FM 1287 south – Ivan
US 380 east / SH 67 south – Fort Belknap south end of US 380 overlap
US 380 west – Throckmorton north end of US 380 overlap
FM 2652 north
FM 3491 south
FM 2075 east
Loving SH 114 – Olney, Jacksboro
Markley FM 1769 south
Archer US 281 – Wichita Falls, Jacksboro
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 16". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ "State Highway, Loop, and Spur Facts". Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 7, 2013. 
  3. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676699.pdf.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676793.pdf.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676878.pdf.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 346". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 7, 2013.