Texas State Highway 255

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State Highway 255 marker

State Highway 255

SH 255, highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length22.451 mi[1] (36.131 km)
Existed2004–present
Major junctions
West endColombia Solidarity International Bridge at the International Border
Major intersections US 83 near Laredo
East end I-35 near Laredo
Location
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountiesWebb
Highway system
SH 254 SH 256
I-35 Interchange
Toll rates as seen on I-35 south in 2008

State Highway 255 (SH 255) is state highway in the U.S. state of Texas that allows international traffic to bypass Laredo. Located in Webb County, the highway provides a connection between the Laredo–Colombia Solidarity International Bridge to Interstate 35 (I-35).[1] The route opened in 2000 as the Camino Colombia Toll Road, and was one of the few operating toll roads in the United States to have gone through the legal process of foreclosure. The toll designation was removed from the route in 2017.[2]

Route description[edit]

SH 255 begins at the Laredo–Colombia Solidarity International Bridge on the Mexico–United States border.[3] From the Laredo Colombia Solidarity Port of Entry, SH 255 heads northeast as a four-lane divided highway and crosses FM 1472 (Mines Road). It then merges down to a two-lane road just west of the former toll barrier. SH 255 continues northeast to an intersection at FM 3338 (Las Tiendas Road)[4] and a diamond interchange with US 83.[5] It continues to the northeast to its eastern terminus at I-35 exit 24.[6] Although the portion from the Mexican border to FM 1472 is officially part of SH 255, it is still signed as FM 255.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Previous route[edit]

A previous route numbered SH 255 was designated on October 26, 1937, beginning in Bremond and traveling southeast via Franklin and Wheelock to SH OSR.[7] This route was cancelled on April 29, 1942, and the section south of one mile north of Wheelock became FM 46.[8]

Current route[edit]

The route was originally approved in 1997 as a privately owned toll route for mainly truck traffic to bypass the city of Laredo for traffic congestion. The route was opened as the Camino Colombia Toll Road in October 2000, at a cost of approximately $90 million. SH 255 inherited its number from FM 255, which was designated on the route between the border crossing and FM 1472 on November 30, 1989.[9] The SH 255 designation was extended over this segment on June 30, 2005.[1]

In August 2001, landowners that were shareholders of the route filed a lawsuit, claiming that profits and traffic usage were less than expected. The failure of the route was attributed to the price for truck traffic ($16), the continuation of U.S. government policies banning Mexican trucks from the interior of the United States (which had been expected to be abolished under the North American Free Trade Agreement), and the approval of a new freeway connecting route from the World Trade International Bridge crossing along Loop 20 to Interstate 35.

The toll road was foreclosed on late in 2003, and was auctioned off on the steps of the Webb County courthouse January 6, 2004.[10] It was purchased by its main creditor, the John Hancock Life Insurance Company, for the minimum $12 million, one-sixth of the construction value. The only other bidder was the Texas Department of Transportation at $11 million. The route was subsequently closed to all traffic. On May 27, 2004, TxDOT purchased the route from John Hancock for a negotiated $20 million, and reopened the route in September, dropping the toll to $2 toll for cars and $2 per additional axle.[11]

Beginning June 1, 2009, the use of the TxTag electronic toll collection system (or the interoperable EZ TAG and TollTag system) was mandatory; unlike other TxDOT-operated toll roads, there was no pay-by-mail option, although the option to set up a prepaid day pass account was provided. Motorists were also able to use Laredo Trade Tags if they were connected to a TxTag account.[12]

During the 2017 Texas legislative session, language was added to Senate Bill 312 that disallowed TxDOT from continuing to operate the route as a toll project.[13] The bill was passed by both the Texas Senate and Texas House of Representatives on May 30, 2017, was signed by the governor on June 9, 2017, and took effect September 1, 2017.[2]

Major intersections[edit]

The entire route is in Webb County.

Locationmi[14]kmDestinationsNotes
Rio Grande0.00.0Laredo–Colombia Solidarity International Bridge – Mexico BorderWestern terminus; continues as Nuevo Leon State Highway Spur 1
Laredo0.20.32Laredo Colombia Solidarity Port of Entry
1.32.1 FM 1472 (Mines Rd)At-grade intersection
1.93.1Las Minas BoulevardAt-grade intersection
3.76.0Port Industrial BoulevardAt-grade intersection
4.77.6CCTR Admin Building
8.213.2
FM 3338 south (Las Tiendas Rd)
At-grade intersection, north end of FM 3338
8.714.0Camino Colombia Automated Gantry (18 feet (5.5 m) clearance, no longer tolled as of September 1, 2017[2])
17.928.8Jefferies RoadAt-grade intersection
19.331.1 US 83 – Laredo, Carrizo SpringsInterchange
22.736.5 I-35 – Laredo, San AntonioEastern terminus; I-35 exit 24
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
  •       Closed/former

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 255". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved March 13, 2008.
  2. ^ a b c "TxDOT legislation converts Camino Colombia into a non-toll road". LMTonline. August 25, 2017. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
  3. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2018). Texas County Mapbook (PDF) (Map) (2018 ed.). 1:72,224. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 2142. Retrieved December 22, 2022.
  4. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2018). Texas County Mapbook (PDF) (Map) (2018 ed.). 1:72,224. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 2143. Retrieved December 22, 2022.
  5. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2018). Texas County Mapbook (PDF) (Map) (2018 ed.). 1:72,224. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 2130. Retrieved December 22, 2022.
  6. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2018). Texas County Mapbook (PDF) (Map) (2018 ed.). 1:72,224. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 2131. Retrieved December 22, 2022.
  7. ^ "Minutes of the Two Hundred Fortieth Special Meeting of the State Highway Commission" (PDF). Texas State Highway Commission. October 26, 1937. p. 177. Retrieved December 22, 2022.
  8. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "Farm to Market Road No. 46". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
  9. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "Farm to Market Road No. 255". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
  10. ^ "Camino Colombia TR in creditor hands, fate uncertain". TOLLROADSnews. January 15, 2004. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved March 14, 2008.
  11. ^ "Camino Colombia TR begins operations under TXDOT". TOLLROADSnews. September 9, 2004. Retrieved March 14, 2008.[permanent dead link][unreliable source?][permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "Texas Tollways - Camino Colombia". Archived from the original on June 8, 2009. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
  13. ^ Section 228.201(d)
  14. ^ Google (September 29, 2013). "SH 255" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved September 29, 2013.