Texas State Highway 34

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State Highway 34 marker

State Highway 34
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length: 129.0 mi[1] (207.6 km)
Existed: 1919 – present
Major junctions
South end: I-35E.svg I-35E in Italy
 

I-45.svg I-45 in Ennis
I-20.svg I-20 in Terrell

I-30.svgUS 67.svg I-30/US 67 in Greenville
North end: US 82.svg US 82 near Honey Grove
Location
Counties: Ellis, Kaufman, Hunt, Fannin
Highway system
SH 33 I-35
SH 305 SH 306 SH 307
State Highway 34 in Quinlan

State Highway 34 is a route that runs from Honey Grove to Italy just east of the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex.

History[edit]

Historic SH 34

SH 34 was originally proposed in 1919 as a loop around Dallas, starting in Ft. Worth travelling southeast to Waxahachie, then northeast to Terrell. By 1922,SH 34 extended northeast to Cooper. By 1926, the section northeast of Greenville had been transferred to SH 39. By 1928, the western end had been extended through Ft. Worth to near Jacksboro. By 1933, the eastern end had been extended north to Honey Grove over former SH 38.

In 1939, the section from Jacksboro to Ennis was removed from SH 34, becoming parts of U.S. Highway 287 and SH 199. It was instead routed farther southwest into Italy, replacing State Highway 306.

In or around 1945, the section from Kaufman to Ennis was re-routed through Scurry, south of Rosser, and on a new bridge over the Trinity River. The former route from Scurry to Peeltown (Kaufman County) was assigned to an extension of Farm to Market Road 148, and about a mile of the old route is now Farm to Market Road 1181 in Telico (Ellis County). The old bridge over the Trinity River no longer exists [2]; in addition, the replacement bridge (a narrow, two-lane truss bridge) was replaced with a wider, traditional span.In 1987, SH 34 extended north from US 77 to IH 35E, replacing FM 1134.

A bypass around the city of Terrell was completed in early 2014.[2] Construction began in October 2014 on a bypass around the city of Kaufman, with construction lasting approximately 22 months.[3]

Route description[edit]

SH 34 begins at I-35E in the community of Italy. The highway runs southeast through the town to US 77 before turning in a more east direction. Near Avalon, the highway turns to the northeast and runs through the community of Bardwell before crossing Lake Bardwell. After crossing the lake, SH 34 enters Ennis and intersects US 287. The highway shares overlaps with the business routes of I-45 and US 287 in the city and leaves the city after intersecting I-45.

After crossing the Trinity River, SH 34 enters Kaufman County and runs near the communities of Scurry and Rosser before entering Kaufman. The highway intersects US 175 and shares an overlap with SH 243 in the city. Leaving the city, SH 34 runs in a sharp northeast direction for a few miles, turning north in Oak Ridge. In southern Terrell, the highway intersects I-20, which is the sight of a Tanger Outlet Center. Near Terrell Municipal Airport, SH 34 runs along a new alignment, bypassing the downtown area of the city and crosses over US 80. Leaving Terrell, the highway runs by many farms before turning more north and running near the western shore of Lake Tawakoni. In Quinlan, the highway shares a short overlap with SH 276 and crosses near an inlet of Tawakoni north of the town.

Entering Hunt County, SH 34 runs in a straight north direction. The highway enters Greenville and intersects I-30/US 67, which used to be a cloverleaf interchange. Shortly after intersecting US 69/US 380, SH 34 overlaps with a business route of US 69 through the city's downtown area. Leaving the city, the highway serves as the western terminus for SH 224. North of Wolfe City, the highway makes a sharp turn and runs east for a few miles before turning back north in Ladonia. SH 34 intersects SH 56 in Honey Grove before terminating at US 82 just north of the town.

Junction list[edit]

County Location mi km Destinations Notes
Ellis Italy I-35E – Waxahachie, Hillsboro I-35E exit 386
US 77 – Waxahachie, Milford
FM 667 south – Frost
Avalon FM 55 north – Waxahachie South end of FM 55 overlap
FM 55 south – Blooming Grove North end of FM 55 overlap
FM 877 north – Waxahachie
Bardwell FM 984 south South end of FM 984 overlap
FM 984 north North end of FM 984 overlap
FM 985 south – Lake Bardwell
Ennis US 287 – Waxahachie, Corsicana
Spur 437 north (Clay Street)
FM 1183 (Oak Grove Road) – Alma
BL I-45 south (Kaufman Street) / FM 1181 north (Creechville Road) South end of BL I-45 overlap

BL I-45 north (Kaufman Street) / Bus. US 287 west (Ennis Avenue)
North end of BL I-45 overlap
I-45 – Dallas, Corsicana I-45 exit 251B
Crisp FM 660 north – Crisp
FM 1181 south
Kaufman Rosser FM 2451 west – Rosser South end of FM 2451 overlap
FM 2451 east – Cottonwood North end of FM 2451 overlap
FM 1390 north
Scurry FM 148 south – Cedar Creek Reservoir South end of FM 148 overlap
FM 148 north – Crandall North end of FM 148 overlap
Kaufman
Bus. SH 34 north – Kaufman
FM 1388 – Oak Grove
US 175 – Dallas, Athens Interchange
FM 1836

SH 243 / Bus. SH 34 south – Kaufman, Canton
FM 2728 north – Elmo
Terrell I-20 – Dallas, Canton I-20 exit 501

Bus. SH 34 north to US 80 – Forney, Wills Point
Spur 87 east (High Street) – Terrell State Hospital

Bus. SH 34 south – Terrell
Hunt Spur 264 north – Quinlan
Quinlan SH 276 east – Lake Tawakoni South end of SH 276 overlap
SH 276 west – Rockwall North end of SH 276 overlap
FM 2101 north – Lake Tawakoni - Caddo Inlet
FM 1564 west South end of FM 1564 overlap
FM 1564 east North end of FM 1564 overlap
FM 1903 west – Caddo Mills
Greenville FM 1570 (Jack Finney Boulevard) – L-3 Communications, Airport
I-30 / US 67 (Martin Luther King, Jr. Expressway) – Rockwall, Sulphur Springs I-30 exit 93
US 69 / US 380 (Joe Ramsey Boulevard) – Leonard, Emory, Farmersville

Bus. US 69 south (Oneal Street)
South end of Bus. US 69 overlap
Spur 302 (Lee Street)

Bus. US 69 north (Rees Street)
North end of Bus. US 69 overlap
SH 224 east – Commerce, Texas A&M University-Commerce
FM 3427 west – Kingston
FM 1566 east South end of FM 1566
FM 1566 west North end of FM 1566 overlap
Wolfe City FM 512 south – Campbell
FM 816 west – Bailey
SH 11 – Whitewright, Sulphur Springs
Fannin FM 68 west
Ladonia FM 2990 north
SH 50 south – Commerce
FM 64 east – Pecan Gap
FM 1550
Honey Grove SH 56 / FM 100 north – Dodd City, Paris, Caddo National Grassland Continues north as FM 100
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ Texas Department of Transportation, [1]
  2. ^ Richards, Mathew (October 23, 2014). "Officials break ground on $13.8 million State Highway 34 bypass project in Kaufman". inForney.com. Retrieved December 6, 2016. 
  3. ^ Elswick, Mike (October 19, 2014). "Groundbreaking held for Kaufman's State Highway 34 bypass". Terrell Tribune. Retrieved December 6, 2016.