Texas State Highway 71

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State Highway 71 marker

State Highway 71
SH 71 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length253.199 mi[1] (407.484 km)
Existed1923–present
Major junctions
West endUS 87.svgUS 377.svg US 87/US 377 near Brady
 US 281.svg US 281 near Marble Falls

US 290.svg US 290 in Austin
I-35 (TX).svg I-35 in Austin
US 183.svg US 183 in Austin
US 77.svg US 77 at La Grange
US 90.svg US 90 in Columbus
I-10 (TX).svg I-10 in Columbus
Alt plate.svg
US 90.svg Alt. US 90 at Altair

I-69 (Future).svgUS 59.svg Future I-69/US 59 at El Campo
East endTexas 35.svg SH 35 at Blessing
Location
CountiesMcCulloch, Mason, San Saba, Llano, Burnet, Blanco, Travis, Bastrop, Fayette, Colorado, Wharton, Matagorda
Highway system
Texas 70.svg SH 70Texas 72.svg SH 72

State Highway 71 (SH 71) is a Texas state highway that runs 253 miles (407 km). The northern terminus is at US 87 and US 377 south of Brady and its southern terminus is at SH 35 near Blessing. This highway is designated the "10th Mountain Division Highway" from SH 95 to Interstate 35.

History[edit]

SH 71 was originally designated on August 21, 1923 from Austin to Columbus, replacing SH 3D and the western half of SH 3A.[2] On June 8, 1925, SH 71 was extended to Midfield, though this was not effective until 1926.[3] On March 19, 1928, it extended south to its current end. On June 21, 1938, SH 71 Spur was designated in Columbus.[4] In 1935, U.S. Highway 290 was codesignated along the stretch from Austin to Bastrop, dropping SH 71 from this section completely on September 26, 1939. SH 71 Spur was renumbered as Spur 52. On May 23, 1951, this section was restored when US 290 was rerouted farther north. On October 24, 1955, SH 71 was signed, but not designated along Ranch to Market Road 93 to Llano. On October 31, 1965, the highway was extended to its current designation over the cancelled Ranch to Market Road 93 and Ranch to Market Road 734. On February 16, 1982, SH 71 was relocated in Columbus.

Austin[edit]

Through Austin, SH 71 is known as Ben White Boulevard and is one of Austin's newest freeways. Sections have opened regularly since 1996, when the first section west of Interstate 35 was opened. A 5-level stack was completed at Interstate 35 in December 2011, and the freeway east of Interstate 35 to Austin-Bergstrom International Airport was completed in 2014. Construction commenced in 2015 east of US 183 (Bastrop Freeway) where a section of SH 71 to the SH 130 tollway has been converted into a tollway with a two lane bridge crossing SH 130.

Major displacements of commercial properties were required to build the Austin expansions. Most of the freeway had a 150-foot (46 m) wide right-of-way which was expanded to over 300 feet (91 m), and the western segment, which opened in 1998, was built on an 80-foot (24 m) right-of-way. The section at the western end required many more business displacements. The new freeway features depressed sections, elevated sections, and partial stack interchanges.

Business routes[edit]

SH 71 has two business routes.

Texas Business 71-E.svg

Business State Highway 71-E is a business loop that runs through La Grange. The road was designated as Business SH 71-E in 1991 upon completion of a bypass around the city.[5]


Texas Business 71-F.svg

Business State Highway 71-F is a business loop that runs through Columbus.

Texas Loop 329.svg

The city was bypassed on February 16, 1982 and the original route was designated as Loop 329. The road was redesignated as Business SH 71-F on June 21, 1990.[6][7]

Texas Spur 329.svg

The number was originally used for Spur 329 on October 30, 1957, from US 83 in Harlingen north to US 77 near Primera Road. This became part of US 77 on June 1, 1967 (not effective until January 1, 1968; the old route of US 77 was redesignated as Loop 448 (redesignated as BU 77-W and BU 77-X on June 21, 1990)).

Junction list[edit]

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References[edit]

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CountyLocationmikmDestinationsNotes
McCullochBrady US 87 / US 377 – Brady, Mason
FM 2309 north – Brady
FM 1851 – Voca
FM 1851 south – Voca
FM 3293 west
MasonFredonia RM 386 south – Mason
San Saba
No major junctions
MasonPontotoc RM 501 east – Cherokee
Llano SH 29 west – MasonWest end of SH 29 overlap
Llano SH 16 north / SH 29 east – San Saba, BurnetEast end of SH 29 overlap; west end of SH 16 overlap
RM 152 west – Castell
SH 16 south – FredericksburgEast end of SH 16 overlap
FM 2333 east – Sunrise Beach Village
RM 962 east – Round Mountain
RM 2831 north
RM 2147 east – Horseshoe Bay, Cottonwood Shores
BurnetMarble Falls US 281 – Marble Falls, Burnet, Johnson City, San AntonioInterchange
Blanco
No major junctions
Travis FM 2332 north (Pace Bend Road) – Briarcliff, Pace Bend State Park
Bee Cave RM 3238 west (Hamilton Pool Road)
RM 620 north – Lakeway, Round Rock
RM 2244 east – West Lake Hills
Austin US 290 west – Johnson City, FredericksburgWest end of US 290 overlap
See US 290
I-35 / US 290 east – Waco, San AntonioEast end of US 290 overlap
Woodward Street, Todd Lane, Burleson Road
Montopolis Drive
Riverside Drive
US 183 (Bastrop Highway) / 183 Toll Road (Bergstrom Expressway) – Lampasas, LockhartEast end of freeway
 Spirit of Texas Drive – Austin-Bergstrom International AirportInterchange; no direct westbound exit and eastbound entrance (signed at Presidential Boulevard / Cardinal Loop)
 Cardinal Loop / Presidential Boulevard – Austin-Bergstrom International Airport, Del ValleInterchange; West end of 71 Toll Lanes
FM 973 – Manor, Mustang RidgeInterchange; no direct westbound exit and eastbound entrance (signed at SH 130)
SH 45 Toll north / SH 130 Toll north – WacoInterchange; eastbound exit and westbound entrance; SH 130 exit 449
SH 45 Toll / SH 130 Toll – Bastrop, San AntonioSH 130 exit 449; East end of 71 Toll Lanes
Bastrop FM 1209 – Webberville
SH 21 west – San MarcosInterchange; west end of SH 21 overlap
FM 20 south to FM 969 north – Lockhart, WebbervilleWest end of expressway
Bastrop SH 304 south to FM 969 – Gonzalez
Loop 150 east / Hasler Boulevard – Bastrop, Bastrop State ParkEast end of expressway
SH 21 east / SH 95 north – Bryan, ElginInterchange; east end of SH 21 overlap; west end of SH 95 overlap