Texas State Highway 9
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|Maintained by TxDOT|
|Length:||3.2 mi (5.1 km)|
|Existed:||2008 – present|
|West end:||FM 116 near Copperas Cove|
I-14 / US 190 / Bus. US 190 near Copperas Cove
State Highway 9 (SH 9) is a highway near Copperas Cove, Texas. It connects U.S. Highway 190 Business (Bus. US 190) outside of Copperas Cove to Farm to Market Road 116 (FM 116) on the north side of Copperas Cove. The highway opened on February 20, 2014 with a ribbon cutting at 2:00 PM.
The entire current route of SH 9 is a two-lane expressway sandwiched between the city of Copperas Cove and Fort Hood. It is three miles (4.8 km) and is entirely in Coryell County. SH 9 begins at an intersection with FM 116 (which is briefly a four-lane highway with a wide median) north of downtown Copperas Cove. It travels east entering the border of Fort Hood first crossing over Old Georgetown Road, then under Tank Destroyer Boulevard. Tank Destroyer Boulevard has a partial interchange with SH 9 allowing eastbound traffic to exit towards the base while traffic exiting the base may enter to the westbound lane. After passing over a railroad, SH 9 ends at a partial interchange with Bus. US 190 east of the city. The only movements allowed at the interchange are eastbound SH 9 to eastbound Bus. US 190 and vice versa. This interchange is within the same complex where Bus. US 190 has its eastern terminus at an interchange with Interstate 14 and US 190.
State Highway 9 or SH 9 was one of the original 26 Texas highways proposed in 1917, overlaid on top of the Puget Sound-Gulf Highway. In 1919 the routing follows the present day U.S. Highway 87 from Amarillo, through Canyon, Plainview, Lubbock, Big Spring, San Angelo, Brady, Mason, Fredericksburg, into San Antonio. From San Antonio, it follows U.S. Highway 181 from San Antonio, to Sinton and terminated in Corpus Christi.
In 1919 the direct segment between San Angelo and Brady had not yet been built, so SH 9 was rerouted through Paint Rock for a short time (The segment would be completed by 1922). Much like other highways at the time, multiple alternate routings has been created using the same number, and SH 9 was no exception. From San Antonio, the second route left the city south via Pleasanton Road, merging with present-day U.S. Route 281 from Las Gallinas through Pleasanton splitting off onto present day Interstate 37 into Oakville. It continued west on SH 234 into Odem, and south on U.S. Route 77 back to I-37 to its terminus in Corpus Christi.
In 1926, U.S. Route 385 (now US 87) was overlaid on the original routing from Amarillo to San Antonio. From there, the original routing was resigned as SH 16 and had U.S. Route 181 overlaid on top of that. The second routing retained the SH 9 designation, continuing the numbering into Corpus Christi that way. The third routing was given its SH 12 assignment back from Skidmore to Alice, given a new assignment of SH 12 from Alice to Pharr, and both segments were overlaid with US 96 (later SH 359 and US 281). By 1933, an extension to SH 9 was being built from Amarillo to Stratford into Oklahoma, replacing SH 115. This would eventually be overlaid with U.S. Route 287.
By 1939 most of SH 9 was cancelled, leaving only the Three Rivers-Corpus Christi segment to the old highway. With the completion of I-37 in 1971, SH 9 was cancelled.
The entire route is in Coryell County.
|||1.9||3.1||Tank Destroyer Boulevard east||Eastbound exit to Tank Destroyer Boulevard east / westbound Tank Destroyer Boulevard to westbound entrance only|
Bus. US 190 east / I-14 / US 190 east
|Eastbound exit / westbound entrance only; Eastern terminus of Bus. US 190; Western terminus of I-14|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi