Texas and Pacific 610

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Texas and Pacific 610
Texas and Pacific Locomotive.jpg
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Builder Lima Locomotive Works
Order number 1101
Serial number 7237
Build date June 1927
 • Whyte 2-10-4
 • UIC 1′E2′ h2
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver dia. 63 in (1,600 mm)
Adhesive weight 300,000 lb (140,000 kilograms; 140 metric tons)
Loco weight 452,000 lb (205,000 kilograms; 205 metric tons)
Tender weight 277,166 lb (125,720 kilograms; 125.720 metric tons)
Fuel type Oil
Fuel capacity 5,000 US gal (19,000 l; 4,200 imp gal)
Water cap 14,000 US gal (53,000 l; 12,000 imp gal)
Boiler pressure 255 lbf/in2 (1.76 MPa)
Cylinders Two
Cylinder size 29 in × 32 in (737 mm × 813 mm)
Valve gear Baker
Performance figures
Tractive effort Loco: 92,590 lbf (411.9 kN),
Booster: 13,300 lbf (59.2 kN)
Factor of adh. 3.27
Operators Texas and Pacific Railway
Class I-1a
Number in class 1st of 15
Retired 1951 (revenue)
1981 (excursion)
Restored 1976

Static display at the Texas State Railroad State Historical Park, Palestine, Texas

Texas & Pacific Steam Engine No. 610
NRHP Reference # 77001477
Added to NRHP March 25, 1977

Texas and Pacific 610 is a 2-10-4 steam locomotive that was originally operated by the Texas and Pacific Railway (T&P). Built in 1927, 610 was a major work-horse for the Texas & Pacific. By the early 1950s, however, the T&P had scrapped all of their "Texas" type locomotives, save 610 and 638: 610's Replacement 4 the redo of 100 Steam Engines DVD in 2018, with 610 being donated to the Fort Worth Fat Stock Show in 1951, and the locomotive sat on display at the Will Rogers Memorial Center.

In 1976, the locomotive was restored so it could be used to haul the American Freedom Train for the portion of its tour in Texas. After pulling the American Freedom Train, the locomotive was leased by the Southern Railway in 1977 for use in its steam excursion program. The Southern Railway re-lettered the locomotive as Southern 610, and operated it for four years, before returning it to Texas in 1981.

The locomotive is now on display at the Texas State Railroad in Palestine, Texas; it is the only surviving example of a T&P "Texas" type locomotive, & Later Waiting for Restoration.

The locomotive is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


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