Texas tortoise

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Texas tortoise
Texas Tortoise (Gopherus berlandieri) (57391706).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Suborder: Cryptodira
Superfamily: Testudinoidea
Family: Testudinidae
Genus: Gopherus
Species:
G. berlandieri
Binomial name
Gopherus berlandieri
(Agassiz, 1857)
Synonyms[1]
  • Xerobates berlandieri
    Agassiz, 1857
  • Testudo berlandieri
    Strauch, 1862
  • Xerobates gopher berlandieri
    Gray, 1873
  • Testudo tuberculata
    Berlandier, 1882 (nomen nudum)
  • Gopherus berlandieri
    Stejneger, 1893
  • Gopherus polyphemus berlandieri
    Mertens & Wermuth, 1955
  • Gopherus berlandierii [sic]
    Reeves, 1975 (ex errore)
  • Scaptochelys berlandieri
    — Bramble, 1982
  • Gopherus berlanderi [sic]
    Rogner, 1996 (ex errore)

The Texas tortoise (Gopherus berlandieri ), is a species of tortoise in the family Testudinidae. The species G. berlandieri is one of six species of tortoises that are native to North America.

Geographic range[edit]

G. berlandieri is found from southern Texas southward into the Mexican states of Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas.

Etymology[edit]

The specific epithet, berlandieri, is in honor of naturalist Jean Louis Berlandier, who worked for the Mexican government on one of the first biological surveys of Texas.[1][2] As such, some sources refer to it as Berlandier's tortoise.[2][3]

Biology[edit]

The Texas tortoise, unlike other species of gopher tortoise, is not an adept burrower. Its preferred habitat is dry scrub and grasslands. Succulent plants, a preferred food of the Texas tortoise, are common in these areas. It especially likes the fruit of cacti such as the prickly pear.

Conservation status[edit]

Though considered an animal of low concern by the IUCN Red List, the Texas tortoise is listed as a threatened species in the state of Texas, and thus protected by state law. It is illegal to collect or possess them.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fritz, Uwe; Havaš, Peter (2007). "Checklist of Chelonians of the World" (PDF). Vertebrate Zoology. 57 (2): 280–281. ISSN 1864-5755. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-01. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  2. ^ a b Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Berlandier's Tortoise Gopherus berlandieri ", p. 24).
  3. ^ Bour, Roger. (2016) Where and when was Jean Louis Berlandier born? Notes on Jean Louis Berlandier. I. Bibliotheca Herpetologica. volume 12. number 1 & 2. pages 18-40.

External links[edit]