Texturizing techniques were initially relevant to artificial fibres to diminish such characteristics as glassiness, slipperiness, and the chance of pilling (configuration of little fibre tangles on a fabric shell). Texturizing methods make yarns more opaque, improve look and touch, and boost warmness and absorbency. Textured yarns are synthetic uninterrupted filaments, modified to impart[clarification needed]. Texturing is the formation of folds, loops, coils, or crinkles in filaments. Such alterations in the physical shape of a fibre have an effect on the behavior and hand of textiles made from them. Hand, or handle, is an all-purpose term for the characteristics perceived by the sense of touch when a fabric is held in the fingers, such as drapability, smoothness, flexibility.
Ever since manmade fibers were created, man has been attempting to give the smooth, synthetic filament a natural fiber-like character. Texturing is a finishing step that transforms the POY supply yarn into DTY and hence into an attractive and unique product. During texturing, pre-oriented yarn (POY) is permanently crimped using friction. As a result, elasticity and heat retention are increased, the yarn receives a pleasant hand, while thermal conduction is simultaneously reduced.
- B.C. Goswami, J.C.Martidale and F.L. Scardino, Textile Yarns' Technology, Structure and Application. John Willey, New York
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