Théodore Robitaille

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The Hon.
Théodore Robitaille
Theodore Robitaille.jpg
Senator for Gulf, Quebec
In office
January 29, 1885 – August 17, 1897
Nominated byJohn A. Macdonald
Preceded byLouis Robitaille
Succeeded byJean-Baptiste Romuald Fiset
4th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec
In office
July 25, 1879 – October 4, 1884
Governor GeneralMarquess of Lorne
The Marquess of Lansdowne
PremierHenri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière
Joseph Adolphe Chapleau
Joseph-Alfred Mousseau
John Jones Ross
Preceded byLuc Letellier de St-Just
Succeeded byLouis-Rodrigue Masson
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Bonaventure
In office
September 20, 1867 – July 25, 1879
Succeeded byPierre-Clovis Beauchesne
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for Bonaventure
In office
July 1, 1871 – January 7, 1874
Preceded byClarence Hamilton
Succeeded byPierre-Clovis Beauchesne
Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada for Bonaventure
In office
Personal details
Born(1834-01-29)29 January 1834
Varennes, Lower Canada
Died17 August 1897(1897-08-17) (aged 63)
New Carlisle, Quebec, Canada
Political partyConservative
Emma Quesnel
(m. 1867)
Residence(s)New Carlisle, Quebec
Alma materMcGill College
OccupationPhysician and businessman
CabinetReceiver General for Canada (1873)

Théodore Robitaille, PC (29 January 1834 – 17 August 1897) was a Canadian physician, politician, and the fourth Lieutenant Governor of Quebec.[1]

Born in Varennes, Lower Canada, the son of Louis-Adolphe Robitaille (pronounced "ro-bee-tie") and Marie-Justine Monjeau, he was baptized as Louis-François-Christophe-Théodore. A physician, he graduated from McGill College in 1858 and settled in New Carlisle, Quebec.[2] In 1861, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada for the riding of Bonaventure. In 1867, he was elected to the House of Commons of Canada. A Conservative he was re-elected in 1872, an 1873 ministerial by-election, 1874, and 1878. In 1873, he was appointed Receiver General.[3]

In 1871, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec in Bonaventure and served until 1874 when holding a federal and provincial seat was abolished. From 1879 to 1884, he was the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec. Notably, during his tenure he commissioned Calixa Lavallée and Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier to prepare the music and French lyrics to what would become Canada's national anthem, O Canada. In 1885, he was appointed to the Senate representing the senatorial division of Gulf, Quebec. He served until his death in New Carlisle, Quebec in 1897.[3]


There are Théodore Robitaille fonds at Library and Archives Canada[4] and Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec.[5]


  1. ^ Desjardins, Marc (1990). "Robitaille, Théodore". In Halpenny, Francess G (ed.). Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. XII (1891–1900) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
  2. ^ Théodore Robitaille – Parliament of Canada biography
  3. ^ a b "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours (in French). National Assembly of Quebec.
  4. ^ "Théodore Robitaille fonds, Library and Archives Canada".
  5. ^ "Théodore Robitaille fonds, Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec".
Political offices
Preceded by Receiver General
Succeeded by