Théodule-Armand Ribot

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Théodule-Armand Ribot
Theodule-Armand Ribot.jpg
Théodule-Armand Ribot
Born December 18, 1839
Guingamp
Died December 9, 1916
Paris
Nationality French
Fields Psychology
Institutions École Normale Supérieure
Influences Auguste Comte[1]

Théodule-Armand Ribot (December 18, 1839 – December 9, 1916), French psychologist, was born at Guingamp, and was educated at the Lycée de St Brieuc. He is known for Ribot's Law regarding retrograde amnesia.

In 1856 he began to teach, and was admitted to the École Normale Supérieure in 1862. In 1885 he gave a course of lectures on Experimental Psychology at the Sorbonne, and in 1888 was appointed professor of that subject at the College of France. His thesis for his doctors' degree, republished in 1882, Hérédité: étude psychologique (5th ed., 1889), was his most important and best known book.

Following the experimental and synthetic methods, he brought together a large number of instances of inherited peculiarities. He paid particular attention to the physical element of mental life, ignoring all spiritual or nonmaterial factors in man. In his work on La Psychologie anglaise contemporaine: l'école expérimentale (1870), he showed his sympathy with the sensationalist school, and again in his translation of Herbert Spencer's Principles of Psychology.

Besides numerous articles, he wrote on Arthur Schopenhauer, Philosophie de Schopenhauer (1874; 7th ed., 1896), and on the contemporary psychology of Germany (La Psychologie allemande contemporaine, 1879; 13th ed., 1898), also four little monographs on Les Maladies de la mémoire (1881; x3th ed., 1898); De la volonté (1883; 14th ed., 1899); De la personnalité (1885; 8th ed., 1899); and La Psychologie de l'attention (1888), which supplied useful data to the study of mental illness.

Bibliography[edit]

Works[edit]

  • La Psychologie anglaise contemporaine: l'école expérimentale (1870)
  • Psychologie de l'attention (1889) [1]
  • La Psychologie des sentiments (1896)
  • L'Evolution des idées genérales (1897)
  • Essai sur l'imagination créatrice (1900)
  • La Logique des sentiments (1904)
  • Essai sur les passions (1906)

English editions[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ V. Guillin, "Théodule Ribot's Ambiguous Positivism: Philosophical and Epistemological Strategies in the Founding of French Scientific Psychology," Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences. Volume 40, Issue 2, pages 165–181, Spring 2004.

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

External links[edit]