Thổ Chu Islands
|Native name: Quần đảo Thổ Chu|
Position of Tho Chu Islands
|Location||Gulf of Thailand|
|Major islands||Thổ Chu|
Thổ Chu Islands consist of eight islands as following: Thổ Chu Island (13.95 square kilometres (5.39 sq mi)), Hòn Cao, Hòn Cao Cát, Hòn Khô, Hòn Mô (or Hòn Cái Bàn), Hòn Nhạn, Hòn Từ and Hòn Xanh. Hòn Nhạn is base point A1 on Vietnam's baseline.
Thổ Chu Island - the largest entity of the archipelago - was first proposed to become a marine protected area in 1995. Subsequently, Asian Development Bank has proposed the establishment of a marine protected areas over Thổ Chu Island with an area of 22,400 hectares (86 sq mi), of which land area is 1,190 ha (4.6 sq mi) and sea area is 21,210 ha (81.9 sq mi).
During the era of Republic of Vietnam, Thổ Chu Islands were under the administration of An Xuyên Province. However, the islands historically used to constitute a disputed territory between Cambodia and Vietnam, both nations claiming that they are within their territorial waters.
On May 10, 1975, Khmer Rouge occupied Thổ Chu Island and abducted about five hundred civilians to Cambodia, all of whom were massacred. From May 24 to May 27, 1975, Vietnamese forces attacked the occupiers and recaptured the island. In 1977, the Khmer Rouge raided Thổ Chu Island once again but were defeated.
On April 27, 1992, under the arrangement of the People's Committee of Kiên Giang Province, six families with about thirty people moved to Thổ Chu Island and settled there. On April 24, 1993, the Vietnamese government decided to establish Thổ Châu Commune.
On March 8, 2014, Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 lost contact with ground while flying by this island.
Demography and economy
Thổ Châu commune has about 500 households with nearly 2,000 inhabitants, most of whom are border guards and navy personnel who chose to settle on the islands; the rest are immigrants. Local residents' livelihood is providing service to fishing boats, small craft production, farming, animal husbandry and fishing along the coast.
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- Nguyen, Hong Thao (Autumn 1997). "Vietnam’s First Maritime Boundary Agreement" (PDF). IBRU Boundary and Security Bulletin. 5 (3): 74–78.
- (Vietnamese) Hà Thành (April 27, 2009). "Quần Đảo Thổ Chu và trận chiến giải phóng đảo". People's Army Newspaper Online. Retrieved December 25, 2012.
- (Vietnamese) Việt Tiến (June 29, 2011). "Một lần đến Thổ Châu". Nhandan Online. Retrieved December 24, 2012.
- (Vietnamese) Hoàng Vân (May 20, 2011). "Xã đảo Thổ Châu hoàn thành công tác bầu cử". VietnamPlus (Vietnam News Agency). Retrieved December 25, 2012.
- (Vietnamese) Nguyễn Quốc Bình (February 8, 2010). "Kiên Giang: Thổ Châu - tiềm năng chưa được đánh thức". Communist Party of Vietnam Online Newspaper. Retrieved December 25, 2012.