Théodore Robitaille

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The Hon.
Théodore Robitaille
Theodore Robitaille.jpg
Senator for Gulf, Quebec
In office
Nominated by John A. Macdonald
Preceded by Louis Robitaille
Succeeded by Jean-Baptiste Romuald Fiset
4th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec
In office
July 25, 1879 – October 4, 1884
Monarch Victoria
Governor General Marquess of Lorne
The Marquess of Lansdowne
Premier Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière
Joseph Adolphe Chapleau
Joseph-Alfred Mousseau
John Jones Ross
Preceded by Luc Letellier de St-Just
Succeeded by Louis-Rodrigue Masson
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Bonaventure
In office
Succeeded by Pierre-Clovis Beauchesne
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for Bonaventure
In office
Preceded by Clarence Hamilton
Succeeded by Pierre-Clovis Beauchesne
Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada for Bonaventure
In office
Personal details
Born (1834-01-29)29 January 1834
Varennes, Lower Canada
Died 17 August 1897(1897-08-17) (aged 63)
New Carlisle, Quebec
Political party Conservative
Religion Christian

Théodore Robitaille, PC (29 January 1834 – 17 August 1897) was a Canadian physician, politician, and the fourth Lieutenant Governor of Quebec.[1]

Born in Varennes, Lower Canada, the son of Louis-Adolphe Robitaille (pronounced "ro-buh-ty") and Marie-Justine Monjeau, he was baptized as Louis-François-Christophe-Théodore. A physician, he graduated from McGill College in 1858 and settled in New Carlisle, Quebec.[2] In 1861, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada for the riding of Bonaventure. In 1867, he was elected to the Canadian House of Commons. A Conservative he was re-elected in 1872, an 1873 ministerial by-election, 1874, and 1878. In 1873, he was appointed Receiver General.[3]

In 1871, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec in Bonaventure and served until 1874 when holding a federal and provincial seat was abolished. From 1879 to 1884, he was the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec. Notably, during his tenure he commissioned Calixa Lavallée and Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier to prepare the music and French lyrics to what would become Canada's national anthem, O Canada. In 1885, he was appointed to the Senate representing the senatorial division of Gulf, Quebec. He served until his death in New Carlisle, Quebec in 1897.[3]


  1. ^ "Théodore Robitaille". Dictionary of Canadian Biography (online ed.). University of Toronto Press. 1979–2005. 
  2. ^ Théodore Robitaille – Parliament of Canada biography
  3. ^ a b "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours (in French). National Assembly of Quebec. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Jean-Charles Chapais
Receiver General
Succeeded by
Thomas Coffin