The word Thaheem said to be derived from the name of an influential tribe of the Arabian Peninsula, the Banu Tamim. Thaheems were initially warriors who migrated to the South Asia and conquered India under the command of the Muslim general Muhammad Bin Qasim. A majority speaks Saraiki language. Thaheem in Sindh region speak Saraiki and Sindhi. in Balochistan (Khuzdar) Thaheem tribe speak Balochi and Brohi. The Bafan community of Gujarat claim descent from the Thaheem tribe. Currently majority of Thaheem live in South Punjab especially in District Chiniot, Dera Ghazi Khan, Sargodha (Sillanwali), Patraki(A village, hometown of NAWAB SAADULLAH KHAN THAHEEM,prime minister during SHAH JAHAN era.) and Sindh Province in Pakistan alongside the ancient conquest route.
194/R.B Lathianwala, Faisalabad is a known village of Thaheem caste in Pakistan. Chauhdry Muhammad Ali (Late) was Chairman of Union Council Khurrianwala during the time of General Ayub president of Pakistan was also belong to this tribe. His sons Chauhdry Hamid Javeed and Chauhdry Saeed Ahmad Mehmood are the well known person of this village.
- Anṡārī ʻAlī Sher ʻAlī (1901). A short sketch, historical and traditional, of the Musalman races found in Sind, Baluchistan and Afghanistan, their genealogical sub-division and septs, together with an ethnological and ethnographical account. Printed at the Commissioner's press. p. 7. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
- Henry Miers Elliot. The history of India, as told by its own historians. Trubner and Company.[when?] Volume 1, Page 263
- B.S. Nijjar (1 December 2007). Origins and History of Jats and Other Allied Nomadic Tribes of India. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. pp. 114–. ISBN 978-81-269-0908-7. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
- Abdul Razak A. Thahim (1980). Book on history of ancient Arab tribe Tamim. A.R.A. Thahim. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
- Rose, H. A. (Horace Arthur), 1867-1933; Ibbetson, Denzil, Sir, 1847-1908; Maclagan, Edward Douglas, Sir, b. 1864 (1 December 1911). A glossary of the tribes and castes of the Punjab and North-West frontier province. Lahore : Printed by the superintendent, Government Printing, Punjab. Retrieved 6 April 2013.