Thai Royal Guards parade

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The Thai Royal Guards parade, also known as Trooping the Colour, occurs every December 2 since 1953, in celebration of the birthday of the King of Thailand, during which the King's Guard of the Royal Thai Armed Forces perform a military parade and pledge loyalty to the monarch. The venue is the Royal Plaza at Bangkok, Thailand, in front of the Dusit Palace and its Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall.


All three branches of the armed forces take part in the parade, as seen in the composition of the Massed Military Bands, Bugle Squads and the Colour Parties of the 13 military units participating. The parade is notable for the colourful uniforms on display; pith helmets with heavy plumes resembling bearskins are worn, except for the lone cavalry unit in attendance - with British-style cavalry helmets and Thai lances on horsebacks - and the Naval Cadets. These uniforms are a nod to the British military traditions in the Royal Thai Armed Forces since the time of King Rama V Chulangkorn in the final years of the 19th century, with a combination of the British and German military drill and ceremonial. The general public also attend the parade celebrations, and Thai television stations broadcast this to the entire nation.

Of the 13 participating battalions most are from the Royal Thai Army with two battalions, one each from the Royal Thai Navy and Royal Thai Marine Corps and another two battalions coming from the Royal Thai Air Force; all in full dress uniforms. Of all of them, most are active military units, the rest are military academies of the Royal Thai Armed Forces, represented by cadet battalions of the academies themselves led by their commandants.

The tradition started in 1953 by King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX), as a simple colours ceremony for the new colours of the 1st Infantry Regiment, King's Own Bodyguard and has now grown into a national military tradition through the years. Since 2009, however, Trooping the Colours is not held, however the oath taking part of the ceremony is retained, plus the ceremonial march-in and march-out of the troops and the Massed Bands, the Royal Salutes and the Royal 21-Gun Salute.

The parade itself came back in 2014 after a 5-year break, but this time before the King's birthday celebrations.

History of the ceremonial parade[edit]

On Dec. 5, 1953, the 1st Inf. Regiment The King's Guards of the Royal Thai Army received their Colours from King Bhumibol Adulyadej, in his capacity as Head of the Royal Thai Armed Forces, in Bangkok, and trooped it in his presence, thus beginning this national military tradition. This has now grown from being a purely infantry activity to becoming an Armed Forces-wide celebration over the years, with the original unit now being joined by 12 other units representing the Royal Thai Armed Forces. They form the Thai counterpart to the British Household Division: 14 foot units and 1 mounted unit parade past the Royal Family on that day, 3 from the military academies of the RTAF and the rest from units within the Armed Forces.

The difference now that the ones on parade are units designated as "King's Guards" by His Majesty the King in his full constitutional duties as Head of the Royal Thai Armed Forces, from all its three branches.

These units are as follows:

The 1st Artillery Regiment, King's Guard's 1st Battalion Ceremonial Battery provides the ceremonial 21-gun salutes in all royal occasions, and also on the parade itself.

Summary of the parade[edit]

  • The 1st to 2nd Guards Regiments of 3 battalions each march first, forming the 1st Guards Brigade, the 2nd Brigade is formed of the 3rd-4th Regiments, and their bands - mostly under the Royal Thai Army - lead each column
  • The Cavalry Squadron takes its post behind the infantry units
  • The Colours then take post in quick time first and later in slow time towards the Field Officer and his staff
  • Arrival of Their Majesties the King and Queen (or in their behalf, HRH the Crown Prince, HRH the Princess Royal or the Chief of Defense Forces, Thailand, if the former two are in the parade field Sansoen Phra Barami is played by the Massed Bands)
  • Report of the Field Officer (only if the King and Queen are present)
  • Parade inspection (if the Guards Division will be present during the birthday event itself or even before the day, the inspection is omitted)
  • If they are present, Their Majesties the King (or in their behalf, HRH the Crown Prince and/or HRH the Princess Royal) will then step off the inspection vehicles and walk towards the Saluting Base in the Royal Plaza
  • Military Oath of Loyalty to HM the King of Thailand and Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces
  • 1st Royal or General Salute (Especially if the King is present, Sansoen Phra Barami is played by the Massed Bands, w/ a 21-gun salute)
  • Speech of Gratitude by the King or Message for the King to the Armed Forces and the Nation by the Chief of Defense Forces (if the King is absent the CDF leads the Oath of Loyalty after his message)
  • 2nd Royal or General Salute
  • Colors return to their battalions in quick time
  • Parade forms up for the march pass in review in quick time or the march out

If HM the King is only present, the following then follow:

  • A bugler sounds the Attention Call
  • The Field Officer orders the parade: "Fix bayonets!" and all the Guards battalions fix their bayonets, the cavalry excluded
  • The FO orders the left turn as the 3rd and 4th regiments, composing the 2nd Brigade, are ordered later for an about turn and to take post, if needed, several paces away from the 1st Brigade
  • The FO orders the parade to slope arms, followed by a bugler sounding the call to march past
  • To the tune of the "Royal Guards March", the parade marches past in quick time, with the crowd assembled standing and bowing whenever the National Colours are marched past the saluting base
  • As the march past in quick time ends the cavalry troop trots past the saluting base
  • The band then takes position in the saluting base to play a especially composed song for the King, and then returns to its position in the line

See also[edit]