List of names for cannabis

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420, a slang name for cannabis, written on a train in New Jersey

Cannabis has many different names, including more than 1,200 slang terms. Additionally, there are many names to describe the state of being under the influence of cannabis.[1]

Names for cannabis[edit]

English name[edit]

Hemp is the English, or common name for the cannabis plant.[2]

Traditional, regional language names[edit]

Traditional language names for cannabis include:

  • Bhang (Hindi)[3]
  • Bhaṅgā (Sanskrit)[3]
  • Bhangi (Swahili)[4]
  • Bhenbin (Myanmar)[3]
  • Cáñamo (Spanish)[5]
  • Chamba (Chichewa)[6]
  • Chanvre (French)[3]
  • Charas (Hindi)[3]
  • Dagga (Afrikaans)[7]
  • Diamba (Sierra Leone)[8]
  • Gandia (Mauritius)[9]
  • Ganja (Hindi)[2][3]
  • Gañjikā (Sanskrit)[3]
  • Hanf (German)[3]
  • Hemp (English)[2][3]
  • Hursīnī (Sanskrit)[3]
  • Injaga (Rwanda)[10]
  • Kan-jac (Panamanian Spanish)[11]
  • قنب (Kinnab or Quinnab), Arabic[3]
  • 麻 (Ma), Chinese[12]
  • Ma-kaña (Bantu)[13]
  • Maconha (Portuguese)[14]
  • Mbanje (Zimbabwe)[15]
  • Potiguaya (Spanish)[2]
  • 삼 (Sam-gwa), Korean[16]
  • Siddhi (Bengali)[3]
  • Spak brus (Hiri)[17]
  • 大麻 (Taima), Japanese[18]

Latin, scientific names[edit]

Cannabis is the Latin, or scientific name for the entire plant hemp, legally named marijuana or marihuana in some jurisdictions.[19] Names for three recognized species include:

Slang names for cannabis[edit]

The slang word marihuana was first used in the United States in the early part of the twentieth century, and was popularized to demonize and eventually ban cannabis in the 1930s. Since then, the word marijuana has evolved to become a widely-recognized term describing cannabis used as a drug.[13]

Most slang names for cannabis date to the jazz era. Weed is a commonly used slang name for cannabis. New slang names, like trees, came into use early in the twenty-first century.[2][19][21]

Slang names[edit]

Slang names for cannabis identified by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration[edit]

Whether all of these terms are slang names is disputed by some scholars, including writers at The Boston Globe and Reason Magazine.[24][30] Slang names for cannabis that were identified by the Drug Enforcement Administration in 2017–2018 and are not corroborated by another source include:

Slang names for good-quality cannabis[edit]

Slang names for poor-quality cannabis[edit]

Slang names for a cannabis cigarette[edit]

Slang names for a package or a specific amount of cannabis[edit]

Names for cannabis preparations[edit]

Traditional names for preparations of cannabis[edit]

Slang names for cannabis preparations[edit]

Industry trade names for cannabis extracts[edit]

Names for cannabis strains[edit]

Traditional names for heirloom strains[edit]

Industry trade names for cannabis strains[edit]

Controversial strain names[edit]

Several names for cannabis strains have been controversial.[45] Disputed strain names include:

Names for parts of a cannabis plant[edit]

English names for parts of a cannabis plant[edit]

Names for parts of a cannabis flower[edit]

Scientific names for parts of a cannabis plant[edit]

Latin, scientific names for therapeutic compounds isolated from cannabis[edit]

Terms for consuming cannabis[edit]

Names describing methods of consuming cannabis[edit]

Cannabis is consumed for its therapeutic effects in several ways, including:

Slang names for cannabis consumption[edit]

Terms describing cannabis' effects[edit]

English names for the effects of cannabis[edit]

Slang names for cannabis' effects[edit]

Terms relating to the cannabis subculture[edit]

Slang names for a cannabis consumer[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az Steinmetz, Katy (April 20, 2017). "420 Day: Why There Are So Many Different Names for Weed". Time. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Linder, Courtney (April 19, 2015). "Pot patois: A comprehensive etymology of marijuana". The Pitt News.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Torkelson 1996.
  4. ^ Medical Proceedings: Mediese Bydraes. Juta and Company. 1958.
  5. ^ Sherrard, Melissa (May 31, 2017). "Where Did The Word 'Marijuana' Come From?". Civilized.
  6. ^ World Health Organization. Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse (2005). Mental Health Atlas 2005. World Health Organization. pp. 296–. ISBN 978-92-4-156296-6.
  7. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary".
  8. ^ Emmanuel Akyeampong; Allan G Hill; Arthur M Kleinman (1 May 2015). The Culture of Mental Illness and Psychiatric Practice in Africa. Indiana University Press. pp. 39–. ISBN 978-0-253-01304-0.
  9. ^ Tom Cleary (1 April 2011). Mauritius - Culture Smart!: The Essential Guide to Customs & Culture. Kuperard. pp. 137–. ISBN 978-1-85733-546-0.
  10. ^ Christian Rätsch (March 2001). Marijuana Medicine: A World Tour of the Healing and Visionary Powers of Cannabis. Inner Traditions / Bear & Co. pp. 128–. ISBN 978-0-89281-933-1.
  11. ^ Rowan Robinson (1996). The Great Book of Hemp: The Complete Guide to the Environmental, Commercial, and Medicinal Uses of the World's Most Extraordinary Plant. Inner Traditions / Bear & Co. pp. 58–. ISBN 978-0-89281-541-8.
  12. ^ Jann Gumbiner Ph.D. (May 10, 2011), "History of Cannabis in Ancient China", Psychology Today
  13. ^ a b Belville, Russ (March 14, 2016). "'Marijuana' Is Not A Racist Word". High Times.
  14. ^ Gabriel G. Nahas (28 July 2017). Revival: Cannabis Physiopathology Epidemiology Detection (1992). CRC Press. pp. 322–. ISBN 978-1-351-36781-3.
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  19. ^ a b c Yagoda, Ben (March 5, 2014). "How Weed Became the Hippest Slang Term for Marijuana". Lexicon Valley.
  20. ^ a b c Loran C. Anderson (1980). "Leaf variation among Cannabis species from a controlled garden". Harvard University Botanical Museum Leaflets. 28 (1): 61–69.
  21. ^ a b McKee Simmons, Kate (June 16, 2017). "The ABCs of Marijuana Slang From the DEA". Westword.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "Embrace 4/20 With These Nicknames For All Things Weed". The Huffington Post. April 20, 2015. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih Green, Johnny (April 29, 2011). "List of Marijuana Slang Terms". The Weed Blog.
  24. ^ a b Davis, Zuri (July 10, 2018). "The DEA's List of Cannabis Slang Is Predictably Hilarious: Does anyone actually call weed "shoe"?". Reason Magazine.
  25. ^ John Charles Chasteen (9 February 2016). Getting High: Marijuana through the Ages. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 140–. ISBN 978-1-4422-5470-1.
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  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc Slang Terms and Code Words: A Reference for Law Enforcement Personnel (PDF) (Report). Drug Enforcement Agency. July 2018. p. 6. DEA-HOU-DIR-022-18. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
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  37. ^ a b "Hashish". drugs.com. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
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  40. ^ Colella, Kristin (February 6, 2014). "Cooking With Cannabis: 8 Delicious Marijuana Recipes". TheStreet.com.
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  42. ^ Bennett, Patrick. "What Are Live Resin Cannabis Concentrates?". Leafly. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
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Sources[edit]

External links[edit]