Thaicom is the name of a series of communications satellites operated from Thailand, and also the name of Thaicom Public Company Limited, which is the company that owns and operates the Thaicom satellite fleet and other telecommunication businesses in Thailand and throughout the Asia-Pacific region. The satellite projects were named Thaicom by the King of Thailand, His Majesty the King Bhumibol Adulyadej, as a symbol of the linkage between Thailand and modern communications technology.
Bangkok, Thailand-based Shinawatra Computer and Communications Co. Ltd. (now Shin Corporation) signed a US$100 million contract with Hughes Space and Communications Company Ltd. in 1991 to build Thailand's first communications satellite. This first Thaicom satellite, Thaicom-1, was launched on 17 December 1993, and carried 12 C-band transponders covering a region from Japan to Singapore. Thaksin Shinawatra sold Shin Corporation, which owns 41% of Thaicom Public Company Limited.
The Company became a listed company on the Stock Exchange of Thailand on 18 January 1994, and is officially traded under the symbol THCOM.
Since its establishment, the Company has expanded its business activities to include Internet and telephone services, and DTV satellite television dish sales. As of 31 December 2011, INTOUCH, which is the Company's major shareholder, holds 41.14% of the Company’s shares.
Thaicom has launched 7 satellites, Thaicom-1, Thaicom-2 and Thaicom-3 have all been de-orbited, whereas Thaicom-4 (more commonly known as iPSTAR), Thaicom-5, Thaicom-6, and Thaicom-7 are in service. The company has also built satellite ground facilities, including its main satellite control facility in Nonthaburi, Thailand, and a teleport and DTH center in Lat Lum Gao, Thailand, which has been ISO9001:2000 certified since 2002.
This is a list of Thaicom satellites (Both launched & planned).
|Thaicom 1||Hughes Space Aircraft||18 December 1993||Ariane 4 (44L)||Kourou ELA-2||Arianespace||120° East||Decommissioned|
|Thaicom 2||8 October 1994||Ariane 4 (44L)||Kourou ELA-2||Arianespace||78.5° East||Decommissioned|
now Thales Alenia Space
|16 April 1997||Ariane 4 (44LP)||Kourou ELA-2||Arianespace||Decommissioned
(Deorbited: 02 October 2006)
|Thaicom 4 (iPSTAR)||Space Systems/Loral, USA||11 August 2005||Ariane 5 EGS||Kourou ELA-3||Arianespace||119.5° East||In Service|||
|Thaicom 5||Alcatel Alenia Space, France||27 May 2006||Ariane 5 ECA||Kourou ELA-3||Arianespace||78.5° East||In Service|||
|Thaicom 6||Orbital Sciences Corporation||6 January 2014||Falcon 9 v1.1||Cape Canaveral SLC-40||SpaceX||78.5° East||In Service|||
|Thaicom 7||Space Systems/Loral, USA||7 September 2014||Falcon 9 v1.1||Cape Canaveral SLC-40||SpaceX||120° East||In Service|||
It was launched in 1997, and became a key for the company in providing international communications services from central Europe and Africa to eastern Asia and Australia. It had 25 C-band transformers out of which 18 connect to Asian regional beam that covered India, southern China, and Southeast Asia. Thaicom 3's fourteen Ku band transponders are divided between Thailand and India. Thaicom 3 is now deorbited.
- "Thaicom 4". Satellites. Thaicom Public Company Limited. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- "Thaicom 5". Satellites. Thaicom Public Company Limited. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- "Thaicom 6". Satellites. Thaicom Public Company Limited. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- "Thaicom 7". Satellites. Thaicom Public Company Limited. Retrieved 7 January 2014.