Thakali language

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Thakali
Native toNepal
Ethnicity13,000 Thakali people (2001 census)[1]
Native speakers
5,900 (2002 – 2011 census)[1]
Dialects
  • Thakali
  • Tangbe
  • Tetang
  • Chuksang
Devanagari (modern)[2]
Tibetan script (historical)[3]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
ths – Thakali
skj – Seke
Glottologthak1245  Thakali[4]
seke1240  Seke[5]

Thakali is a Sino-Tibetan language of Nepal spoken by the Thakali people, mainly in the Myagdi and Mustang Districts. Its dialects have limited mutual intelligibility.

Seke (Tangbe, Tetang, Chuksang) is sometimes considered a separate language.[1] Other names and dialect names are Barhagaule, Marpha, Panchgaunle, Puntan Thakali, Syang, Tamhang Thakali, Thaksaatsaye, Thaksatsae, Thaksya, Tukuche, Yhulkasom.[6]

Geographical distribution[edit]

Thakali is spoken in the middle of the Kali Gandaki River valley and in the upper part of the Kali Gandaki Gorge (also known as Thak Khola), in Mustang District, Dhawalagiri Zone. The Thakali area is bounded by Annapurna Himal on one side and Dhawalagiri Himal on the other, with Tatopani village in the south and Jomsom in the north (Ethnologue).

The Tukuche dialect is spoken from Tukuche to Thaksatsae, in 13 villages: Tukuche, Khanti, Kobang, Larjung, Dampu, Naurikot, Bhurjungkot, Nakung, Tithi, Kunjo, Taglung, Lete, Ghansa. Many live outside the area.

Seke is spoken in Chuksang, Tsaile, Tangbe, Tetang, and Gyakar villages of Mustang District, Dhawalagiri Zone. There are only 700 native speakers of this language, 100 of whom live in New York City.[7]

Dialects[edit]

Ethnologue lists the following dialects of Thakali.

  • Tukuche (Tamhang Thakali, Thaksaatsaye, Thaksatsae)
  • Marpha (Puntan Thakali)
  • Syang (Yhulkasom)

Seke has the following dialects.

  • Tangbe
  • Tetang
  • Chuksang

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Thakali at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Seke at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Vinding, Michael (January 10, 1998). "The Thakali: A Himalayan Ethnography". Serindia Publications, Inc. – via Google Books.
  3. ^ http://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/journals/kailash/pdf/kailash_09_01_02.pdf
  4. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Thakali". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  5. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Seke (Nepal)". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  6. ^ "OLAC resources in and about the Thakali language". www.language-archives.org.
  7. ^ Freytas-Tamura, Kimiko de (2020-01-07). "Just 700 Speak This Language (50 in the Same Brooklyn Building)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-01-08.

External links[edit]