Thakin Soe

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Thakin Soe
သခင်စိုး
Personal details
Born1906
Moulmein, British Burma
Died6 May 1989 (1989-05-07) (aged 82)
NationalityBurmese
OccupationPolitician, soldier
Known forOne of the Founders of the Communist Party of Burma

Thakin Soe (Burmese: သခင်စိုး, pronounced [θəkʰiɴ só]; 1906-6 May 1989) was a founding member of the Communist Party of Burma, formed in 1939 and one of Burma's most prominent Communist leaders.[1]

Early life[edit]

Soe was an ethnic Mon and was born in Moulmein (present-day Mawlamyine). He worked for Burmah Oil Company.[2]

Movement[edit]

Soe joined the nationalist Dobama Asiayone ("Our Burma" Association) in 1930s. Soe together with Thakin Ba Tin and other nationalists founded the Communist Party of Burma in 1939.[3] He spent most of his life underground and for a time led the Red Flag Communist Party. He was captured by government forces in November 1970 near the Arakan Yoma but released in a 1980 amnesty by the socialist government. After nationwide demonstrations against Ne Win's government in 1988, Soe re-entered the politics in August 1988 and became the patron of the Unity and Peace Party in September 1988, which he hoped would contest in the 1990 elections.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lintner, Bertil. The Rise and Fall of the Communist Party of Burma (CPB). Southeast Asia Program series, no. 6. Ithaca, N.Y.: Southeast Asia Program, Cornell University, 1990. p. 6
  2. ^ Lintner, Bertil (1999). Burma in Revolt: Opium and Insurgency since 1948. Silkworm Books.
  3. ^ Alagappa, Muthiah (1995). Political Legitimacy in Southeast Asia: The Quest for Moral Authority. Stanford University Press.
  4. ^ Lintner, Bertil (1999). Burma in Revolt: Opium and Insurgency since 1948. Silkworm Books. ISBN 1630411841.