Thakur (Indian title)

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Thakur is a feudal title used by various Indian communities.


The term Thakur refers to a man of indeterminate but mid level caste, usually referring to the landowning caste, often Jat,[1] and Rajputs.[citation needed] The title was used by rulers of the princely states (videshi origin) of Ambliara, Bakrol Limbdi Malia, Sayala, Bhavnagar, Lakhtar, Miyagam, Manadar, Siba, Dhrol, Rajkot, Virpur, Sathamba, Morbi, Varsoda, Vala, Gad Boriad, Gadhka, Gabat, Kankarwa, Rajpur, Gondal, Kotda Sangani, Shahpur, Deesa, Kotharia, Lodhika Senior, Lodhika Junior, Gavridad, Rajpara, Jaola, Dundlod, Ghanerao, Bissau, Tana, Gana, in addition to others.[citation needed]

  • With regard to Thakore (Thakur), an accepted explanation is "All those who are not powerful enough to assume and use the title of a Rajah or who are the head of the distinct but inferior branch of family. To the head of a family, Thakore owe a feudal submission exemplified in the payment of tribute. In their possessions Thakors are as independent as Rajah (King), however, it is found that in North-Central India, Thakore has become synonymous with Kshatriya or Rajput.[citation needed]
  • Koli: In Gujarat Koli are called Thakore[2][3]
  • Ahir (Kamariya, Dawa, and Ghosi),[4][5][6] Kirar Thakur[5] and Lodhi of Madhya Pradesh[7] like Zamindar castes, are honoured with the title of Thakur.
  • On occasions, professional barber (Nai) caste people are also addressed by the Thakur title in North India.[8][9]
  • In Madhya Pradesh, the Gonds, a Scheduled Tribe, are also titled as Thakurs or Thakur Gonds.[10]
  • Thakur families that belong to the Maratha Kshatriya caste exist in Maharashtra and Goa.[citation needed]


The surname was given out of respect for any earlier Kayastha or Brahmin family who used to hold a different Thakur title (surname) like Banerjee , Thakur (Bengali surname),[11][12][13][14] Bhattacharya etc. In English, it was Anglicized to "Tāgore". Thakur is also an Indian feudal and colonial title in Hindi.

Related terms[edit]

  • A Thikana is the state or estate of a Thakur.
  • "Thakurani" is the title for a Thakur's wife.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Susan Snow Wadley (2004). Raja Nal and the Goddess: The North Indian Epic Dhola in Performance Raja Nal and the Goddess. Indiana University Press,. p. 60. ISBN 9780253111272. 
  2. ^ Gujarat Thakor Koli Vikas Nigam
  3. ^
  4. ^ The Buxas of the Tarai: a study of their socio-economic disintegration, 1978, Pages-78,79
  5. ^ a b Ramchandra Keshav Mutatkar (1978). "Ramchandra Keshav Mutatkar". Anthropology. Shubhada-Saraswat. p. 165. Retrieved 19 October 2014. 
  6. ^ Sir Roper Lethbridge (1985). Prominent Indians of Victorian Age: A Biographical Dictionary. Archives Rare Prints. p. 371. 
  7. ^ Mishra, Jai Prakash (1982). The Bundela Rebellion. Sundeep. 
  8. ^ Ranabir Samaddar (11 Apr 2009). "State of Justice In India: Issues of Social Justice (Google eBook)". Social Science. SAGE Publications India. p. 44. Retrieved 20 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "Anthropology of Ancient Hindu Kingdoms: A Study in Civilizational Perspective". Hindus. M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd. 1 Jan 1997. p. 35. Retrieved 20 October 2014. 
  10. ^ Anima Sharma (2005). Tribe in Transition: A Study of Thakur Gonds (Google eBook). Mittal Publications. p. 369. ISBN 9788170999898. 
  11. ^ Tagore, Rathindranath (December 1978). On the edges of time (New ed.). Greenwood Press. p. 2. ISBN 978-0313207600. 
  12. ^ Mukherjee, Mani Shankar (May 2010). "Timeless Genius". Pravasi Bharatiya: 89, 90. 
  13. ^ RoyChowdhury, Sumitra (1982). The Gurudev and the Mahatma. Subhada-Saraswata Publications. p. 29. 
  14. ^ Aruna Chakravarti, Sunil Gangopadhyaya. Those Days. pp. 97–98. ISBN 9780140268522.