Thakur (Indian title)
Thakur is a feudal title used by various Indian communities.
The term Thakur refers to a man of indeterminate but mid level caste, usually referring to the landowning caste, often Jat, and Rajputs. The title was used by rulers of the princely states (videshi origin) of Ambliara, Bakrol Limbdi Malia, Sayala, Bhavnagar, Lakhtar, Miyagam, Manadar, Siba, Dhrol, Rajkot, Virpur, Sathamba, Morbi, Varsoda, Vala, Gad Boriad, Gadhka, Gabat, Kankarwa, Rajpur, Gondal, Kotda Sangani, Shahpur, Deesa, Kotharia, Lodhika Senior, Lodhika Junior, Gavridad, Rajpara, Jaola, Dundlod, Ghanerao, Bissau, Tana, Gana, in addition to others.
- With regard to Thakore (Thakur), an accepted explanation is "All those who are not powerful enough to assume and use the title of a Rajah or who are the head of the distinct but inferior branch of family. To the head of a family, Thakore owe a feudal submission exemplified in the payment of tribute. In their possessions Thakors are as independent as Rajah (King), however, it is found that in North-Central India, Thakore has become synonymous with Kshatriya or Rajput.
- Kamariya (Ahir), Ghosi(Hindu Ahir), Dauwa Ahir, Kirar Thakur and Lodhi like Zamindar castes, are honoured with the title of Thakur.
- On occasions, professional Barber ( Nai) caste people are also addressed by the Thakur title in North India.
- In Madhya Pradesh, the Gonds, a Scheduled Tribe, are also titled as Thakurs or Thakur Gonds.
- Thakur families that belong to the Maratha Kshatriya caste exist in Maharashtra and Goa.
The surname was given out of respect for any earlier Kayastha or Brahmin family who used to hold a different Thakur title (surname) like Banerjee , Thakur (Bengali surname), Bhattacharya etc. In English, it was Anglicized to "Tāgore". Thakur is also an Indian feudal and colonial title in Hindi.
- Rabindranath Thakur, anglicised to Rabindranath Tāgore, in English.
- Ramakrishna, a 19th-century mystic of Bengal, is also addressed as Thakur by his followers.
- The followers of Thakur Anukulchandra address him with the title of "Sri Sri Thakur".
- A "Thikana" is the state or estate of a Thakur.
- A "Thakurani" is the title for a Thakur's wife.
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