Thakur or Thakkar is a historical feudal title of India, now used as a surname. The female variant of the title is Thakurani or Thakurain, also used to describe the wife of a Thakur.
The word Thakur means lord, god or master, The title was used by rulers of several princely states including Ambliara, Vala, Morbi and Barsoda. Sons of Thakurs, were given the Sanskrit title of Kumara; popular usage being Kunwar in the North and Kumar in Bengal and South India denoting the prince.
A Thakur's estate was called a Thakurate or Thikana, and was recognised at a salute state rank in the British Empire of India. The Thakore Sahib of Dhrol, Thakur Sahib of Limbdi, Thakur Sahib of Palitana and Thakur Sahib of Rajkot were recognised with hereditary 9-gun salutes, while the Thakur Sahib of Gondal received an 11-gun salute.
Princely states ruled by Thakurs
Thakur served as the title of many historical states, including: Beja State, Bija State, Chuda State, Dhadi State, Kachhi Baroda State, Kathiwada State, Kawarda State, Khirasra State, Kunihar State, Mahlog State, Mohanpur State, Ranasan State, Sanjeli State, Sayla State, Vallabhpur State, Valasna State, Wadagam State.
In some states, the Thakur's title was later changed, notably:
- to Raja in Kharsawan.
- to Rai in Sangri State.
- to first Raja and later Maharaja in Maihar State.
- to (once) Maharawat, then Rao in Piploda State.
In Tharoch State, the ruler's title of Rana was changed to Thakur, before being reverted to Rana again later.
The title had loftier compound variants, notably:
- Thakur Sahib, as in
- all salute states ruled by Thakurs : Dhrol State, Limbdi State, Palitana State (all Hereditary salutes of 9-guns); other salute states later recognized by a higher salute assumed the title of:
- non-salute states Bhadrawa State, Jambughoda State, Lakhtar State, Lathi State, Rajkot State, Vallabhipura State; later assumed a higher rank, notably:
- Thakur Sahib Maharaja, assumed instead of Thakur Sahib by the last ruler of Morvi State.
- Thakur Shri Maan, notably in Ambliara State.
Thikana is the fief or princely state ruled by the thakurs.
- Thakuri, Nepalese royal title
- Thakore caste
- Thakur (Bengali surname)
- Dharma Thakur, a Hindu folk deity worshipped in the Rarh region
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