Thakur (title)

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Thakur or Thakkar is a historical feudal title of India, now used as a surname. The female variant of the title is Thakurani or Thakurain, also used to describe the wife of a Thakur.

The word Thakur means lord, god or master,[1][2] The title was used by rulers of several princely states including Ambliara, Vala, Morbi and Barsoda. Sons of Thakurs, were given the Sanskrit title of Kumara; popular usage being Kunwar in the North and Kumar in Bengal and South India[3] denoting the prince.[4]

In the zamindari system, Thakurs were landlords who used to collect revenue in their feudatory estate.[citation needed]

A Thakur's estate was called a Thakurate or Thikana,[5] and was recognised at a salute state rank in the British Empire of India. The Thakore Sahib of Dhrol,[6] Thakur Sahib of Limbdi,[7] Thakur Sahib of Palitana and Thakur Sahib of Rajkot[8] were recognised with hereditary 9-gun salutes, while the Thakur Sahib of Gondal received an 11-gun salute.

Etymology[edit]

It is derived from the Sanskrit word thākura meaning deity, idol, chief or man of rank.[9][10]

Princely states ruled by Thakurs[edit]

Thakurs[edit]

Thakur served as the title of many historical states,[11] including: Beja State, Bija State, Chuda State, Dhadi State, Kachhi Baroda State, Kathiwada State, Kawarda State, Khirasra State, Kunihar State, Mahlog State, Mohanpur State, Ranasan State, Sanjeli State, Sayla State, Vallabhpur State, Valasna State, Wadagam State.

In some states, the Thakur's title was later changed, notably:

In Tharoch State, the ruler's title of Rana was changed to Thakur, before being reverted to Rana again later.

Compound variants[edit]

The title had loftier compound variants, notably:[12]

Thikana[edit]

Thikana is the fief or princely state ruled by the thakurs.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yule, Henry (1903). "Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of colloquial Anglo-Indian words and phrases". London: J. Murray., Page 915
  2. ^ "Thakur Name Meaning". Ancestry.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
  3. ^ Vadivelu, A. The Aristocracy of Southern India, Volume 2.
  4. ^ https://indiankanoon.org/doc/1159456/
  5. ^ "Agarsingji Raisingji vs Bai Naniba on 9 April, 1914". Indian Kanoon. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
  6. ^ Wright, Colin. "DHROL: Jai Singh, Thakur Sahib of Dhrole (1824-1886)". British Library. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
  7. ^ Rathore, Abhinay. "Limbdi (Princely State)". Rajput Provinces of India. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
  8. ^ Strathcarron, Ian (2013-07-24). The Indian Equator: Mark Twain's India Revisited. Courier Corporation. ISBN 9780486315805.
  9. ^ "Sanskrit Dictionary for Spoken Sanskrit". SpokenSanskit.org. Klaus Glashoff. Retrieved 2013-09-21.
  10. ^ "Thakur". Every Culture. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
  11. ^ "www.worldstatesmen.org". Princely States of India (here K-Z). Retrieved 2016-12-12.
  12. ^ "www.worldstatesmen.org". Princely States of India (here A-J). Retrieved 2016-12-12.

External links and sources[edit]