Thalassophonea

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Thalassophonea
Temporal range: Middle Jurassic-Late Cretaceous, Callovian–Turonian
Pliosaurus jaw.jpg
Pliosaurus macromerus jaw, Natural History Museum
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Superorder: Sauropterygia
Order: Plesiosauria
Family: Pliosauridae
Clade: Thalassophonea
Benson & Druckenmiller, 2013
Subgroups

See text.

Thalassophonea is an extinct clade of pliosaurids from the Middle Jurassic to the early Late Cretaceous (Callovian - Turonian) of Australia, Europe, North America and South America. Thalassophonea was erected by Roger Benson and Patrick Druckenmiller in 2013. The name is derived from Greek thalassa (θάλασσα), "sea", and phoneus (φονεύς), "murderer". It is a stem-based taxon defined as "all taxa more closely related to Pliosaurus brachydeirus than to Marmornectes candrewi".[1]


The following cladogram follows an analysis by Benson & Druckenmiller (2014).[1]

Pliosauridae

Thalassiodracon




Hauffiosaurus




Attenborosaurus




Marmornectes


Thalassophonea

Peloneustes




"Pliosaurus" andrewsi




Simolestes




Liopleurodon




"Liopleurodon" rossicus




Pliosaurus



Gallardosaurus



Brachaucheninae

Brachauchenius



Kronosaurus



Megacephalosaurus













References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Benson, R. B. J.; Druckenmiller, P. S. (2014) [first published online 2013]. "Faunal turnover of marine tetrapods during the Jurassic-Cretaceous transition". Biological Reviews. 89: 1–23. doi:10.1111/brv.12038.