Goddess of Comedy
|Member of the Muses|
|Parents||Zeus and Mnemosyne|
|Siblings||Euterpe, Polyhymnia, Urania, Clio, Erato, Calliope, Terpsichore, Melpomene|
In Greek mythology, Thalia (// or //; Ancient Greek: Θάλεια; "the joyous, the flourishing", from Ancient Greek: θάλλειν, thállein; "to flourish, to be verdant"), also spelled Thaleia, was one of the Muses, the goddess who presided over comedy and idyllic poetry. In this context her name means "flourishing", because the praises in her songs flourish through time.
Thalia was portrayed as a young woman with a joyous air, crowned with ivy, wearing boots and holding a comic mask in her hand. Many of her statues also hold a bugle and a trumpet (both used to support the actors' voices in ancient comedy), or occasionally a shepherd's staff or a wreath of ivy.
- "Thalia". Oxford English Dictionary (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. (Subscription or participating institution membership required.)
- "Thalia Definition & Meaning - Merriam-Webster".
- Apollodorus, 1.3.4. Other ancient sources, however, gave the Corybantes different parents (see Frazer, n. 2 on 1.3.4).
- Apollodorus, Apollodorus, The Library, with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd., 1921. ISBN 0-674-99135-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
- Grimal, Pierre, The Dictionary of Classical Mythology, Wiley-Blackwell, 1996, ISBN 978-0-631-20102-1. "Thalia" 1. p. 442.
- Smith, William; Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London (1873). "Thaleia" 1.
- Media related to Thalia at Wikimedia Commons
- Warburg Institute Iconographic Database (ca 40 images of Thalia)