Thallium(I) bromide

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Thallium(I) bromide
Thallium(I) bromide
Names
Other names
Thallium monobromide
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.029.239
EC Number 232-163-0
Properties
TlBr
Molar mass 284.287 g/mol[1]
Appearance yellow crystalline solid[1]
Density 7.5 g/cm3[1]
Melting point 460 °C (860 °F; 733 K)[1]
Boiling point 819 °C (1,506 °F; 1,092 K)[1]
0.59 g/L (25 °C)[1]
−63.9·10−6 cm3/mol[2]
2.418 (0.59 µm)
2.350 (0.75 µm)
2.289 (1 µm)
1.984 (5 µm)
2.322 (20 µm)[3]
Structure
CsCl, cP2
Pm3m, No. 221[4]
1
Cubic (Tl+)
Cubic (Br)
Hazards
Very toxic (T+)
Dangerous for the environment (N)
R-phrases (outdated) R26/28, R33, R51/53
S-phrases (outdated) (S1/2), S13, S28, S45, S61
Related compounds
Other anions
Thallium(I) fluoride,
Thallium(I) chloride,
Thallium(I) iodide
Other cations
Indium(I) bromide,
Lead(II) bromide
Bismuth bromide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Thallium(I) bromide is a chemical compound of thallium and bromine with a chemical formula TlBr. It is used in room-temperature detectors of X-rays, gamma-rays and blue light, as well as in near-infrared optics.

The crystalline structure is of cubic CsCl type at room temperature, but it lowers to the orthorombic thallium iodide type upon cooling, the transition temperature being likely affected by the impurities.[5] Nanometer-thin TlBr films grown on LiF, NaCl or KBr substrates exhibit a rocksalt structure.[4]

Thallium is extremely toxic and a cumulative poison which can be absorbed through the skin. Acute and chronic effects of ingesting thallium compounds include fatigue, limb pain, peripheral neuritis, joint pain, loss of hair, diarrhea, vomiting and damage to central nervous system, liver and kidneys.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Haynes, p. 4.94
  2. ^ Haynes, p. 4.135
  3. ^ Haynes, p. 10.242
  4. ^ a b Schulz, L. G. (1951). "Polymorphism of cesium and thallium halides". Acta Crystallographica. 4 (6): 487. doi:10.1107/S0365110X51001641. 
  5. ^ Blackman, M; Khan, I H (1961). "The Polymorphism of Thallium and Other Halides at Low Temperatures". Proceedings of the Physical Society. 77 (2): 471. doi:10.1088/0370-1328/77/2/331. 
  6. ^ Thallium Bromide Material safety data sheet. espimetals.com

Cited sources[edit]