Thallium(I) carbonate

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Thallium(I) carbonate
Names
Other names
thallium monocarbonate
Identifiers
3D model (Jmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.026.759
EC Number 229-434-0
Properties
Tl2CO3
Molar mass 468.776 g/mol
Appearance white crystals
Odor odorless
Density 7.11 g/cm3, solid
Melting point 272 °C (522 °F; 545 K)
5.2 g/100 mL (25 °C)
27.2 g/100 mL (100 °C)
Solubility insoluble in alcohol, ether, acetone
−101.6·10−6 cm3/mol
Structure
monoclinic
Hazards
not listed
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g., water Health code 4: Very short exposure could cause death or major residual injury. E.g., VX gas Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
21 mg/kg (mouse, oral)[1]
23 mg/kg (rat, oral)[1]
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Thallium(I) carbonate (Tl2CO3) is a chemical compound. It can be used for the manufacture of imitation diamonds, in chemical analysis to test for carbon disulfide, and as a fungicide. Like other thallium compounds, it is considered extremely toxic, with an oral median lethal dose of 21 mg/kg in mice. Due to its toxicity, it is listed in the United States List of Extremely Hazardous Substances as of 2007.[2]

Safety[edit]

Conditions/substances to avoid are: acids, magnesium with hydride, aluminium, hydrosulfuric acid, phosphorus pentoxide.

Preparation[edit]

Thallium carbonate is created by the saturation of hot aqueous thallium(I) hydroxide with carbon dioxide.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Thallium (soluble compounds, as Tl)". Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). 
  2. ^ "Emergency First Aid Treatment Guide THALLOUS CARBONATE". Chemical Emergency Preparedness and Prevention. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 2 June 2012. 


Carbonates
H2CO3 He
Li2CO3,
LiHCO3
BeCO3 B C (NH4)2CO3,
NH4HCO3
O F Ne
Na2CO3,
NaHCO3,
Na3H(CO3)2
MgCO3,
Mg(HCO3)2
Al2(CO3)3 Si P S Cl Ar
K2CO3,
KHCO3
CaCO3,
Ca(HCO3)2
Sc Ti V Cr MnCO3 FeCO3 CoCO3 NiCO3 CuCO3 ZnCO3 Ga Ge As Se Br Kr
Rb2CO3 SrCO3 Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag2CO3 CdCO3 In Sn Sb Te I Xe
Cs2CO3,
CsHCO3
BaCO3   Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg Tl2CO3 PbCO3 (BiO)2CO3 Po At Rn
Fr Ra   Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Nh Fl Mc Lv Ts Og
La2(CO3)3 Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu
Ac Th Pa UO2CO3 Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr