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Thali dialect

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"Thali dialect" redirects here. It is not to be confused with the Thali dialect of Marwari.
Punjabi dialects

Thaḷī, is a Lahnda dialect spoken in parts of the Pakistani provinces of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It has a widespread area, starting from Tank to Muzzafargarh on eastern end of Indus River and from Bannu runs down to D I khan at western end of Indus River.[citation needed] It is classified as a northern dialect of Saraiki,[1][2] although it has also been described as transitional between Shahpuri and the central Saraiki Multani dialect.[3] Its name is derived from the Thal Desert.[3]

It one of several Saraiki dialects that are commonly known as Jaṭkī.[4] It is spoken in Jhelum District and parts of the former Shahpur District where it is known as Thaḷī. Its local name in Jhang District is Thaḷochṛī.[5] In Dera Ismail Khan District it goes by the name of Ḍerāwāl[6] or Derawali,[3] and in Mianwali and Bannu districts it is known as Hindko or Mulkī.[3] Inhabitans of Dera Ismail Khan District, presumably speakers of this dialect, variously identify their language as Saraiki or Hindko.[7] Likewise for those living in Mianwali District, who identify their language as either Punjabi or Saraiki.[8]

Thali is spoken in the following districts of Punjab Province and districts of Kyber Pakhtunkha Province:[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shackle, Christopher (1976). The Siraiki language of central Pakistan : a reference grammar. London: School of Oriental and African Studies. p. 8. 
  2. ^ Wagha, Muhammad Ahsan (1997). The development of Siraiki language in Pakistan (Ph.D.). School of Oriental and African Studies. pp. 229–31.  (requires registration).
  3. ^ a b c d Singh, Atam (1970). "An introduction to the dialects of Punjabi". Pākhā sanjam. 3 (1): 142. ISSN 0556-4417.  The account of Thali here is based entirely on Grierson's Lingustic Survey of India.
  4. ^ Use of the term Jatki: Singh 1970 (for Thali), Masica 1991, p. 430 (for other Saraiki varieties).
  5. ^ Grierson, George A. (1919). "Thali". Linguistic Survey of India. Volume VIII , Part 1, Indo-Aryan family. North-western group. Specimens of Sindhī and Lahndā. Calcutta: Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, India. p. 381. 
  6. ^ Masica, Colin P. (1991). The Indo-Aryan languages. Cambridge language surveys. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-23420-7. :426
  7. ^ Rensch, Calvin R. (1992). "The Language Environment of Hindko-Speaking People". In O'Leary, Clare F.; Rensch, Calvin R.; Hallberg, Calinda E. Hindko and Gujari. Sociolinguistic Survey of Northern Pakistan. Islamabad: National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University and Summer Institute of Linguistics. pp. 7–8, 57. ISBN 969-8023-13-5. 
  8. ^ South Asia Partnership-Pakistan. Profile of district Mianwali (PDF). pp. 12–13. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 May 2013.